official_name = Waterbury, Vermont
settlement_type = Town
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Waterbury, Vermont
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 128.8
area_land_km2 = 124.9
area_water_km2 = 3.9
area_total_sq_mi = 49.7
area_land_sq_mi = 48.2
area_water_sq_mi = 1.5
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 4915
population_density_km2 = 39.3
population_density_sq_mi = 101.9
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 187
elevation_ft = 614
latd = 44 |latm = 21 |lats = 28 |latNS = N
longd = 72 |longm = 44 |longs = 27 |longEW = W
Waterbury is the location of
Ben & Jerry'sIce Cream, whose factory tours have become Vermont's most popular tourist attraction.Fact|date=October 2007 Other local businesses include:
Green Mountain Coffee Roasters
Lake Champlain Chocolates
Cold Hollow Cider Mill*second most visited tourist attraction in the state.
Several Vermont state government administrative offices are located in town. The Dale Woman's state prison and the Vermont State Hospital mental health facility are located here.
The location where Waterbury now lies was once the frontier between the
Mahicanand Pennacookpeople. European settlement of the area dates from 1763, when King George III granted a charter for land in the Winooski River Valley. James Marsh became the first permanent white settler in the region in 1783. Many of the early settlers came from Waterbury, Connecticutand named their new town in honor of the hometown.
The Central Vermont Railroad came to Waterbury in 1849.
The state opened the Vermont State Asylum for the Insane here in 1891. [ [http://www.crjc.org/heritage/V02-34.htm Brattleboro Retreat] retrieved May 13, 2008] . The institution survives here to the present day, renamed the Vermont State Hospital.
The Village of Waterbury was incorporated in 1882 with a population of over 2000.
New Englandtowns, Waterbury's economy was based around the local river mill industry and the surrounding agricultural producers. The mills produced products such as lumberand finished wood products, wickerproducts, leather, starch, and alcohol. The agriculture was based on sheepthrough the 19th century but switched over to dairyfarming by the 20th Century. Waterbury had a ski factory in the 1940s, The Derby & Ball Company. In 2007, Rome Snowboardshas their office in a building that Derby & Ball used to occupy.
In 1927, Waterbury, like many other Vermont communities, was devastated by flooding. Inscriptions on the sides of some buildings in Waterbury village purport to show where the level of the water rose during the 1927 flood. The village recovered and in 1938 the Little River Dam was built by the
Army Corps of Engineersto control future flooding.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 4,915 people, 2,011 households, and 1,321 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 810.4 people per square mile (312.9/km²). There were 2,106 housing units at an average density of 347.2/sq mi (134.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.80% White, 0.26% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.
There were 2,011 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.7 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,940, and the median income for a family was $60,547. Males had a median income of $35,566 versus $25,838 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $25,858. About 3.3% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
Waterbury belongs to the
Washington West Supervisory Union. Students attend Thatcher Brook Primary School for grades preschool and Kindergarten through 4th grade, Crossett Brook Middle School for grades 5-8, and Harwood Union High Schoolfor grades 9-12.
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to Waterbury, operating its Vermonterbetween St. Albans, VT and Washington, DC.
GMTA (Green Mountain Transit Agency) provides public transit bus services to Burlington, Montpelier, Morrisville and
William P. Dillingham, politician.
Wallace M. Greene, Commandant of the Marine Corps.
Henry Janes, physician and soldier (Chief Surgeon at Gettysburg), farmer, and humanitarian. [http://www.flowofhistory.org/lessons/cd_kit/files/appendices.pdf retrieved on May 6, 2007]
*William Wells, merchant, Civil War general,
Medal of Honorrecipient
* [http://www.waterburyvt.com/municipal/index.php Waterbury Vermont Official Town Website]
* [http://www.historicvermont.org/markers/markers4.html Historic Markers]
* [http://www.gmtaride.org Green Mountain Transit Agency]
* [http://www.WaterburyPublicLibrary.com Waterbury Public Library]
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