- Whydah Gally
The "Whydah Gally" (variously written as "Whidah" or "Whidaw" [cite book |last=Strong|first=Ezra|title=The Lives and Bloody Exploits of the Most Noted Pirates, Their Trials and Executions, Including Correct Accounts of the Late Piracies, Committed in the West Indias, and the Expedition of Commodore Porter|publisher=Courier Dover Publications|year=1836|pages=298|url=http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC08289974&id=ufabWl1cXm0C&pg=RA8-PA127&lpg=RA8-PA127|quote=...Bellamy was declared captain, and the vessel had her old name continued, which was Whidaw... (p.127)] ) was the
flagshipof the pirate"Black Sam" Bellamy. The ship sank in a storm off Cape Codon April 26, 1717, taking Bellamy and the majority of his crew with it.
The "Whydah" was first launched in
1715from London, England. A three- masted ship of galley-style design, it measured 31 meters in length, rated at 300 tons burden, and could travel at speeds up to convert|13|kn|km/h|abbr=on.cite book|first=Colin|last=Woodard|title=The Republic of Pirates: Being the True and Surprising Story of the Caribbean Pirates and the Man Who Brought Them Down|publisher=Harcourt Trade|year=2007|isbn=0151013020|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=J50kpuaPlNkC&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0] Christened "Whydah" after the West African trading town of Ouidah(pronounced "WIH-dah"), the vessel was configured as a heavily-armed trading and transport ship for use in the Atlantic slave trade, carrying goods from England to exchange for slaves in West Africa. It would then travel to the Caribbeanto trade the slaves for precious metalssugar, indigo, and medicinal ingredients, which would then be transported back to England. Fitted with a standard complement of eighteen six-pound cannons, which could be increased to a total of twenty-eight in time of war, the "Whydah" represented one of the most advanced weapons systems of the time.
In late February of
1717, the "Whydah", under the command of one Captain Lawrence Prince, was navigating the Windward Passagebetween Cubaand Hispaniolawhen it was attacked by pirates led by "Black Sam" Bellamy. At the time of the "Whydah"'s capture, Bellamy was in possession of two vessels, the 26-gun galley "Sultana" and the converted 10-gun sloop "Marianne". After a three-day chase, Prince surrendered his ship with only a desultory exchange of cannon fire. Bellamy decided to take the "Whydah" as his new flagship; several of its crew remained with their ship and joined the pirate gang. In a gesture of goodwill toward the captain who had surrendered without a struggle — and who in any case may have been favorably known by reputation to the pirate crew — Bellamy gave the "Sultana" to Prince, along with £20 in silver and gold. cite book|first=George Francis|last=Dow|title=The Pirates of the New England Coast 1630-1730|page=121] Bellamy and his crew then sailed on to the Carolinas and headed north along the eastern coastline of the American colonies, aiming for the central coast of Maine, and looting or capturing additional vessels on the way.
Accounts differ as to the destination of the "Whydah" during its last weeks. Some legends recount that Bellamy wanted to visit his mistress, Maria Hallett, who lived near the tip of
Cape Cod, while others blame the "Whydah"'s route on navigator error. In any case, the "Whydah", on April 26, 1717, sailed into a violent storm dangerously close to Cape Cod. The ship was driven ashore at Wellfleet, Massachusettsand quickly broke apart. One of the few surviving members of Bellamy's crew, one Thomas Davis, testified in his subsequent trial that "In a quarter of an hour after the ship struck, the Mainmast was carried by the board, and in the Morning she was beat to pieces."
By morning, dozens of pirate corpses were washed up on the shoreline, and hundreds of Cape Cod's notorious wreckers (locally known as "moon-cussers") were already plundering the remains. Hearing of the shipwreck, then-governor
Samuel Shutedispatched Cyprian Southack, a local salvager and cartographer, to recover "Money, Bullion, Treasure, Goods and Merchandizes taken out of the said Ship." By May 3, when Southack reached the location of the wreck, he found that the ship's remains were scattered along more than four miles of shoreline. On a map he made of the wreck site Southack reported that he had buried 102 of the 144 Whydah crew and captives lost in the sinking.
According to surviving members of the crew, at the time of its sinking, the ship carried nearly four and a half
tons of silver, gold, gold dust, and jewelry, which had been divided equally among the 180-man crew and stored in chests below the ship's deck. Though Southack did recover some of the items salvaged from the ship, little of this massive treasure hoard was recovered until the wreck's rediscovery nearly two hundred years later.
Nine members of Bellamy's crew survived (two from the "Whydah" and seven from accompanying ships in his fleet) the storm and wrecking. Six were tried as pirates and hanged in
Boston.cite book |last=Dow|first=George Francis|title=Every Day Life in the Massachusetts Bay Colony|publisher=Courier Dover Publications|year=1988|isbn=0486255654|pages=221|url=http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0486255654&id=l9sh2dKUWmgC&pg=PA221&lpg=PA221&sig=8ldih7RDuZF3fk5onj7_D7PTuew#PPA221,M1] One of the survivors from the "Whydah", a carpenter named Thomas Davis who had been pressed into service when his ship was captured by Bellamy, was captured and brought to trial; however, possibly in part due to the intervention of the famous Puritanminister Cotton Mather, he was acquitted of all charges and spared the gallows. The other survivor of the "Whydah", a MiskitoIndian named John Julian, was not tried but rather sold into slavery after his capture. Included among the dead were Bellamy himself, as well as a boy, aged approximately 9 to 11, named John King. Young John actually chose to join the crew on his own initiative the previous November when Bellamy captured the ship on which he and his mother were passengers.
The wreck of the "Whydah" was rediscovered in
1984by underwater explorer Barry Clifford(relying heavily on the 1717 map that Southack drew of the wreck's location) and has been the site of extensive underwater archaeology. More than 100,000 individual pieces have since been retrieved, including the ship's bell whose inscription THE WHYDAH GALLY 1716 positively identified the wreck. It is the only pirate shipwreck site whose identification has been established beyond a shadow of a doubt.
Work on the site by Clifford's dive team continues on an annual basis. Selected artifacts from the wreck are displayed at Expedition Whydah Sea-Lab & Learning Center in Provincetown, Massachusetts.
2006the possible choice of the "Whydah" to represent a museum exhibit on pirates caused a controversy. The Museum of Science and Industry in Tampa, Floridawas considering using history and relics from the ship for a display on the Golden Age of Piracyset to coincide with the release of "" in 2007, but was criticized for using a ship with a history of participation in the slave tradewhile trivializing that aspect of its past. [http://www.tbt.com/tampabay/news/article31388.ece]
A touring museum exhibit of artifacts from the "Whydah" opened June 30, 2007 at the Cincinnati Museum Center and is slated to travel to numerous museums over the next five years.
On 27 May 2007 a UK documentary/reality show titled "Pirate Ship ... Live!" followed a team of divers, including comedian
Vic Reeves, in live coverage of a dive at the "Whydah" site. [http://icnewcastle.icnetwork.co.uk/0300entertainment/onthebox/tm_headline=yo-ho-ho--vic-dives-live&method=full&objectid=19206928&siteid=50081-name_page.html]
January 7, 2008 the National Geographic Channel is airing a 2 hour documentary [http://natgeochannel.co.uk/explore/pirates Pirate Treasure Hunters] about the ongoing excavation of the wreck of the Whydah Gally which includes detailed interviews with Barry Clifford.
* [http://www.nationalgeographic.com/whydah/story.html National Geographic page on the Whydah Gally]
* [http://atochagold.com/TheWhydah.htm Bob Cembrola, "The Whydah is for Real: An Archeological Assessment"]
* [http://www.s-t.com/daily/06-02/06-04-02/b02li089.htm Kenneth J. Kinkor, "The Legend of Black Sam and the Good Ship Whydah"]
* [http://www.whydah.com Official site of Expedition Whydah]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Whydah Gally — Le Whydah Gally, parfois écrit Whidah ou Whidaw, était un navire qui servit au commerce triangulaire avant sa capture par le pirate Samuel « Black Sam » Bellamy. Le navire a coulé dans une tempête au large de cap Cod, le… … Wikipédia en Français
Whydah — Gally Le Whydah Gally, parfois écrit Whidah ou Whidaw, était un navire qui servit au commerce triangulaire avant sa capture par le pirate Samuel Bellamy. Le navire a coulé dans une tempête au large de cap Cod, le 26 avril 1717, noyant… … Wikipédia en Français
Whydah — may refer in English to:* Kingdom of Whydah which included Ouidah but was headquartered in Savi. * Indigobird * the colonial Ouidah fort in present Benin * the galley style ship The Whydah Gally captained by pirate Black Sam Bellamy … Wikipedia
Black Bellamy — Samuel Bellamy Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bellamy. Samuel Bellamy fut un flibustier anglais plus connu sous les noms de Black Sam ou encore Black Bellamy et surnommé Prince des Pirates. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 … Wikipédia en Français
Black Sam — Samuel Bellamy Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bellamy. Samuel Bellamy fut un flibustier anglais plus connu sous les noms de Black Sam ou encore Black Bellamy et surnommé Prince des Pirates. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 … Wikipédia en Français
Samuel Bellamy — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bellamy. Samuel Bellamy (né le 23 février 1689, † le 27 avril 1717), fut un pirate anglais plus connu sous les noms de Black Sam ou encore Black Bellamy et surnommé Prince des Pirates.… … Wikipédia en Français
Samuel Bellamy — Infobox Pirate name= Samuel Bellamy lived=c. 1689 1717 caption= nickname= Black Sam, Prince of Pirates type= Pirate placeofbirth= England placeofdeath= near Wellfleet, Massachusetts allegiance= serviceyears= 1716 1717 base of operations=… … Wikipedia
Indigobird — Taxobox name = Indigobirds regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes subordo = Passeri familia = Viduidae genus = Vidua genus authority = Cuvier, 1816 subdivision ranks = Species subdivision = See text. See also… … Wikipedia
Корабль Вайда — Трговачка рута Уиде Детаљ мапе америчке источне обале Сипријана Саутхека; црвено Х означава положај олупине Кретање Уиде гусарског брода Вайда, Уайда (англ. Whydah Gally … Википедия
Уайда — Трговачка рута Уиде Детаљ мапе америчке источне обале Сипријана Саутхека; црвено Х означава положај олупине Кретање Уиде гусарског брода Вайда, Уайда (англ. Whydah Gally … Википедия