- Department of Justice (Philippines)
Department of Justice Kagawaran ng Katarungan Department overview Formed September 26, 1898 Headquarters DOJ Main Building, Padre Faura Street, Manila Annual budget P2.318 billion (2011) Department executive Leila De Lima Website doj.gov.ph
The Department of Justice (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Katarungan), abbreviated as DOJ, is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for upholding the rule of law in the Philippines. It is currently under the leadership of Former Commission on Human Rights Chief, Secretary Leila De Lima.
The Department of Justice traces its beginnings at the Revolutionary Assembly in Naic, Cavite on April 17, 1897. The establishment of a regime of law was tasked to Don Severino delas Alas who headed the Department of Grace and Justice. Shortly after the proclamation of independence in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898, President Emilio Aguinaldo issued a decree on September 26, 1898 reorganizing the Department. A year later, the American military force established the Office of the Attorney of the Supreme Court in place of the Department. On June ll, 1901, the new office was renamed the Office of the Attorney General and on September 1, 1901, the Office became the Department of Finance and Justice.
In the 1916 government reorganization, the department became a separate entity and was given executive supervision over all courts of first instance and other inferior courts.
Under the Japanese occupation, the Department was made a Commission. The civilian government established by the Japanese in 1943 changed it to a Ministry. After the war in 1945, the Government of the Philippine Commonwealth was re-established and the Department of Justice was re-activated. The Department continued in this form under the Philippine Republic.
Presidential Decree No. 1 during Martial Law reorganized the Executive Branch of the national government. Letter of Implementation No. 20 of December 31, 1972 organized the Department proper into the Office of the Secretary, the Financial and Management Service, the Administrative Service, Technical StaftQ the Prosecution Staff, the Legal Staff and the Judiciary Division; the Commission on Immigration and Deportation, the National Bureau of Investigation, the Office of the Government Corporate Counsel; the Board of Pardons and Parole; the Bureau of Prisons; and the Citizens Legal Assistance Office.
Under the 1973 Constitution, Department became a Ministry of Justice. The 1986 People Power Revolution ushered in the contemporary Department of Justice.
With the adoption of the 1987 Constitution and the Administrative Code of 1987 (Executive Order No. 292), the Department of Justice was named as the principal law agency of the Republic of the Philippines serving as its legal counsel and prosecution arm.
Today, the DOJ continues to pursue its primary mission: To uphold the Rule of Law; with its "Justice for All" motto. The Office of the Secretary (OSEC) is composed of the National Prosecution Service, the Legal Staff, the Administrative, Financial, Technical and Planning and Management Services and the Board of Pardons and Parole. The constituent and attached agencies include the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI), Bureau of Immigration (BI), Public Attorney’s Office (PAO), Office of the Solicitor General (OSG), Office of the Government Corporate Counsel (OGCC), Bureau of Corrections(BuCOR), Parole and Probation Administration (PPA), Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG) and the Land Registration Authority (LRA).
Secretary of Justice
The Office of the Secretary of Justice (OSEC) is composed of the offices of the Secretary of Justice and his/her four Undersecretaries and three Assistant Secretaries.
OSEC has six major work divisions, namely, the Legal Staff; the Board of Pardons and Parole; the Office of the Chief State Prosecutor; and the Technical Staff. The two remaining work units of OSEC perform housekeeping chores. These are the Financial and Management Service and the
List of Secretaries of Justice
No. Name Position Date started Date finished 1 Gregorio S. Araneta 2 Florentino Torres Attorney General May 29, 1899 June 4, 1901 3 Henry C. Ide Secretary of Finance and Justice September 1, 1901 June 30, 1908 4 Gregorio S. Araneta Secretary of Finance and Justice July 1, 1908 October 10, 1913 5 Victorino Mapa Secretary of Finance and Justice November 1, 1913 June 30, 1920 6 Quintin B. Paredes Secretary of Justice July 1, 1920 December 15, 1921 7 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice April 26, 1922 July 17, 1923 8 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice September 1, 1928 June 18, 1932 9 Luis P. Torres Secretary of Justice August 31, 1928 June 19, 1932 10 Alexander A. Reyes Secretary of Justice June 19, 1932 December 31, 1932 11 Quirico M. Abeto Secretary of Justice January 1, 1933 July 5, 1934 12 Jose Yulo Secretary of Justice July 6, 1934 November 15, 1938 13 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice December 5, 1938 July 16, 1941 14 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice July 18, 1941 November 27, 1941 15 Jose P. Laurel Secretary/Commissioner of Justice December 24, 1941 December 4, 1942 16 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice December 4, 1942 October 14, 1943 17 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice October 19, 1943 October 24, 1944 18 Delfin J. Jaranilla Secretary of Justice March 8, 1945 December 31, 1945 19 Ramon Quisumbing Secretary of Justice January 2, 1946 May 28, 1946 20 Roman Ozaeta Secretary of Justice May 29, 1946 September 17, 1948 21 Sabino B. Padilla Secretary of Justice September 19, 1948 June 30, 1949 22 Ricardo P. Nepomuceno Secretary of Justice July 1, 1949 July 25, 1950 23 Jose P. Bengzon Secretary of Justice August 29, 1950 September 23, 1951 24 Oscar Castelo Secretary of Justice January 1, 1952 December 1953 25 Roberto Gianzon Secretary of Justice August 17, 1953 December 1953 26 Pedro T. Tuazon Secretary of Justice January 4, 1954 June 4, 1959 27 Jesus G. Barrera Secretary of Justice April 18, 1958 June 4, 1959 28 Enrique Fernandez Secretary of Justice June 11, 1959 July 13, 1959 29 Alejo R. Mabanag Secretary of Justice July 14, 1959 December 31, 1961 30 Jose W. Diokno Secretary of Justice January 2, 1962 May 19, 1962 31 Juan R. Liwag Secretary of Justice May 20, 1962 July 7, 1963 32 Salvador L. Marino Secretary of Justice July 8, 1963 December 31, 1965 33 Jose Yulo Secretary of Justice January 1, 1966 August 4, 1967 34 Claudio Teehankee Secretary of Justice August 5, 1967 December 16, 1968 35 Juan Ponce Enrile Secretary of Justice December 17, 1968 February 7, 1970 36 Felix Makasiar Secretary of Justice February 8, 1970 August 1, 1970 37 Vicente Abad Santos Secretary/Minister of Justice August 2, 1970 January 16, 1979 38 Catalino T. Macaraig, Jr. Minister of Justice January 17, 1979 July 22, 1979 39 Ricardo C. Puno Minister of Justice July 23, 1979 June 30, 1984 40 Estelito P. Mendoza Minister of Justice June 30, 1984 February 27, 1986 41 Neptali A. Gonzales Minister/Secretary of Justice February 28, 1986 March 8, 1987 42 Sedfrey A. Ordoñez Secretary of Justice March 13, 1987 January 2, 1990 43 Franklin M. Drilon Secretary of Justice January 4, 1990 July 14, 1991 44 Silvestre H. Bello III Secretary of Justice July 15, 1991 February 6, 1992 45 Eduardo G. Montenegro Secretary of Justice February 10, 1992 June 30, 1992 46 Franklin M. Drilon Secretary of Justice July 1, 1992 February 2, 1995 47 Demetrio G. Demetria Secretary of Justice February 3, 1995 May 19, 1995 48 Teofisto T. Guingona, Jr. Secretary of Justice May 20, 1995 February 3, 1998 49 Silvestre H. Bello III Secretary of Justice February 4, 1998 June 30, 1998 50 Serafin R. Cuevas Secretary of Justice July 1, 1998 February 15, 2000 51 Artemio G. Tuquero Secretary of Justice February 16, 2000 January 22, 2001 52 Hernando B. Perez Secretary of Justice January 23, 2001 January 2, 2003 53 Ma. Merceditas N. Gutierrez Secretary of Justice November 27, 2002 January 15, 2003 54 Simeon A. Datumanong Secretary of Justice January 16, 2003 December 23, 2003 55 Ma. Merceditas N. Gutierrez Secretary of Justice December 24, 2003 August 31, 2004 56 Raul M. Gonzalez Secretary of Justice September 1, 2004 September 5, 2004 57 Agnes Devanadera Acting Secretary of Justice September 5, 2004 September 2004 58 Raul M. Gonzalez Secretary of Justice September 2004 2009 59 Agnes Devanadera Secretary of Justice 2009 2010 60 Alberto Agra Acting Secretary of Justice 2010 June 30, 2010 61 Leila De Lima Secretary of Justice June 30, 2010
The Department Proper consists of the following units:
- Legal Staff, headed by the Chief State Counsel
- National Prosecution Service, headed by the Prosecutor General
- Technical Staff
- Administrative Service
- Financial and Management Service
- Management Services Office
- Board of Pardons and Parole
The Department has the following attached agencies:
- Bureau of Immigration
- National Bureau of Investigation (NBI)
- Bureau of Corrections (BuCor)
- Parole and Probation Administration (PPA)
- Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG)
- Public Attorney's Office (PAO)
- Land Registration Authority (LRA)
- Office of the Government Corporate Counsel (OGCC)
- Office of the Solicitor General (OSG)
- Philippines: Gov.Ph: About the Philippines : – Justice category of Philippine government portal
- Welcome to the Official website of the Department of Justice: Republic of the Philippines – Official site of the Department of Justice
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