Department of Justice (Philippines)


Department of Justice (Philippines)
Department of Justice
Kagawaran ng Katarungan
DOJ Seal.png
Department overview
Formed September 26, 1898 (1898-09-26)
Headquarters DOJ Main Building, Padre Faura Street, Manila
Annual budget P2.318 billion (2011)
Department executive Leila De Lima
Website
doj.gov.ph

The Department of Justice (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Katarungan), abbreviated as DOJ, is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for upholding the rule of law in the Philippines. It is currently under the leadership of Former Commission on Human Rights Chief, Secretary Leila De Lima.

The Department of Justice traces its beginnings at the Revolutionary Assembly in Naic, Cavite on April 17, 1897. The establishment of a regime of law was tasked to Don Severino delas Alas who headed the Department of Grace and Justice. Shortly after the proclamation of independence in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898, President Emilio Aguinaldo issued a decree on September 26, 1898 reorganizing the Department. A year later, the American military force established the Office of the Attorney of the Supreme Court in place of the Department. On June ll, 1901, the new office was renamed the Office of the Attorney General and on September 1, 1901, the Office became the Department of Finance and Justice.

In the 1916 government reorganization, the department became a separate entity and was given executive supervision over all courts of first instance and other inferior courts.

Under the Japanese occupation, the Department was made a Commission. The civilian government established by the Japanese in 1943 changed it to a Ministry. After the war in 1945, the Government of the Philippine Commonwealth was re-established and the Department of Justice was re-activated. The Department continued in this form under the Philippine Republic.

Presidential Decree No. 1 during Martial Law reorganized the Executive Branch of the national government. Letter of Implementation No. 20 of December 31, 1972 organized the Department proper into the Office of the Secretary, the Financial and Management Service, the Administrative Service, Technical StaftQ the Prosecution Staff, the Legal Staff and the Judiciary Division; the Commission on Immigration and Deportation, the National Bureau of Investigation, the Office of the Government Corporate Counsel; the Board of Pardons and Parole; the Bureau of Prisons; and the Citizens Legal Assistance Office.

Under the 1973 Constitution, Department became a Ministry of Justice. The 1986 People Power Revolution ushered in the contemporary Department of Justice.

With the adoption of the 1987 Constitution and the Administrative Code of 1987 (Executive Order No. 292), the Department of Justice was named as the principal law agency of the Republic of the Philippines serving as its legal counsel and prosecution arm.

Today, the DOJ continues to pursue its primary mission: To uphold the Rule of Law; with its "Justice for All" motto. The Office of the Secretary (OSEC) is composed of the National Prosecution Service, the Legal Staff, the Administrative, Financial, Technical and Planning and Management Services and the Board of Pardons and Parole. The constituent and attached agencies include the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI), Bureau of Immigration (BI), Public Attorney’s Office (PAO), Office of the Solicitor General (OSG), Office of the Government Corporate Counsel (OGCC), Bureau of Corrections(BuCOR), Parole and Probation Administration (PPA), Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG) and the Land Registration Authority (LRA).

Contents

Secretary of Justice

The Office of the Secretary of Justice (OSEC) is composed of the offices of the Secretary of Justice and his/her four Undersecretaries and three Assistant Secretaries.

OSEC has six major work divisions, namely, the Legal Staff; the Board of Pardons and Parole; the Office of the Chief State Prosecutor; and the Technical Staff. The two remaining work units of OSEC perform housekeeping chores. These are the Financial and Management Service and the

List of Secretaries of Justice

No. Name Position Date started Date finished
1 Gregorio S. Araneta
2 Florentino Torres Attorney General May 29, 1899 June 4, 1901
3 Henry C. Ide Secretary of Finance and Justice September 1, 1901 June 30, 1908
4 Gregorio S. Araneta Secretary of Finance and Justice July 1, 1908 October 10, 1913
5 Victorino Mapa Secretary of Finance and Justice November 1, 1913 June 30, 1920
6 Quintin B. Paredes Secretary of Justice July 1, 1920 December 15, 1921
7 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice April 26, 1922 July 17, 1923
8 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice September 1, 1928 June 18, 1932
9 Luis P. Torres Secretary of Justice August 31, 1928 June 19, 1932
10 Alexander A. Reyes Secretary of Justice June 19, 1932 December 31, 1932
11 Quirico M. Abeto Secretary of Justice January 1, 1933 July 5, 1934
12 Jose Yulo Secretary of Justice July 6, 1934 November 15, 1938
13 Jose Abad Santos Secretary of Justice December 5, 1938 July 16, 1941
14 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice July 18, 1941 November 27, 1941
15 Jose P. Laurel Secretary/Commissioner of Justice December 24, 1941 December 4, 1942
16 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice December 4, 1942 October 14, 1943
17 Teofilo L. Sison Secretary/Commissioner of Justice October 19, 1943 October 24, 1944
18 Delfin J. Jaranilla Secretary of Justice March 8, 1945 December 31, 1945
19 Ramon Quisumbing Secretary of Justice January 2, 1946 May 28, 1946
20 Roman Ozaeta Secretary of Justice May 29, 1946 September 17, 1948
21 Sabino B. Padilla Secretary of Justice September 19, 1948 June 30, 1949
22 Ricardo P. Nepomuceno Secretary of Justice July 1, 1949 July 25, 1950
23 Jose P. Bengzon Secretary of Justice August 29, 1950 September 23, 1951
24 Oscar Castelo Secretary of Justice January 1, 1952 December 1953
25 Roberto Gianzon Secretary of Justice August 17, 1953 December 1953
26 Pedro T. Tuazon Secretary of Justice January 4, 1954 June 4, 1959
27 Jesus G. Barrera Secretary of Justice April 18, 1958 June 4, 1959
28 Enrique Fernandez Secretary of Justice June 11, 1959 July 13, 1959
29 Alejo R. Mabanag Secretary of Justice July 14, 1959 December 31, 1961
30 Jose W. Diokno Secretary of Justice January 2, 1962 May 19, 1962
31 Juan R. Liwag Secretary of Justice May 20, 1962 July 7, 1963
32 Salvador L. Marino Secretary of Justice July 8, 1963 December 31, 1965
33 Jose Yulo Secretary of Justice January 1, 1966 August 4, 1967
34 Claudio Teehankee Secretary of Justice August 5, 1967 December 16, 1968
35 Juan Ponce Enrile Secretary of Justice December 17, 1968 February 7, 1970
36 Felix Makasiar Secretary of Justice February 8, 1970 August 1, 1970
37 Vicente Abad Santos Secretary/Minister of Justice August 2, 1970 January 16, 1979
38 Catalino T. Macaraig, Jr. Minister of Justice January 17, 1979 July 22, 1979
39 Ricardo C. Puno Minister of Justice July 23, 1979 June 30, 1984
40 Estelito P. Mendoza Minister of Justice June 30, 1984 February 27, 1986
41 Neptali A. Gonzales Minister/Secretary of Justice February 28, 1986 March 8, 1987
42 Sedfrey A. Ordoñez Secretary of Justice March 13, 1987 January 2, 1990
43 Franklin M. Drilon Secretary of Justice January 4, 1990 July 14, 1991
44 Silvestre H. Bello III Secretary of Justice July 15, 1991 February 6, 1992
45 Eduardo G. Montenegro Secretary of Justice February 10, 1992 June 30, 1992
46 Franklin M. Drilon Secretary of Justice July 1, 1992 February 2, 1995
47 Demetrio G. Demetria Secretary of Justice February 3, 1995 May 19, 1995
48 Teofisto T. Guingona, Jr. Secretary of Justice May 20, 1995 February 3, 1998
49 Silvestre H. Bello III Secretary of Justice February 4, 1998 June 30, 1998
50 Serafin R. Cuevas Secretary of Justice July 1, 1998 February 15, 2000
51 Artemio G. Tuquero Secretary of Justice February 16, 2000 January 22, 2001
52 Hernando B. Perez Secretary of Justice January 23, 2001 January 2, 2003
53 Ma. Merceditas N. Gutierrez Secretary of Justice November 27, 2002 January 15, 2003
54 Simeon A. Datumanong Secretary of Justice January 16, 2003 December 23, 2003
55 Ma. Merceditas N. Gutierrez Secretary of Justice December 24, 2003 August 31, 2004
56 Raul M. Gonzalez Secretary of Justice September 1, 2004 September 5, 2004
57[1] Agnes Devanadera Acting Secretary of Justice September 5, 2004 September 2004
58 Raul M. Gonzalez Secretary of Justice September 2004 2009
59 Agnes Devanadera Secretary of Justice 2009 2010
60 Alberto Agra Acting Secretary of Justice 2010 June 30, 2010
61 Leila De Lima Secretary of Justice June 30, 2010

Offices

The Department Proper consists of the following units:

  • Legal Staff, headed by the Chief State Counsel
  • National Prosecution Service, headed by the Prosecutor General
  • Technical Staff
  • Administrative Service
  • Financial and Management Service
  • Management Services Office
  • Board of Pardons and Parole

Attached Agencies

The Department has the following attached agencies:

References

  1. ^ Although Raul M. Gonzalez is still the Justice Secretary because of his sick leave, Agnes V.S.T. Devanadera, the Solicitor-General, is the Acting Justice Secretary until Gonzalez re-assumes his post.
  2. ^ Executive Order No. 643 SC E-Library

External links


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