Vācaspati Miśra (900–980 CE) was an
Indian philosopherwho founded one of the main Advaita Vedantaschools, the Bhāmatīschool (named after his commentary on Śankara's "Brahma-sūtra-bhāṣya"), and whose work was an important forerunner of the Navya-Nyāyasystem of thought.
Vācaspati was a
Maithili Brahminwho lived near the frontier between India and Nepal(what is now Vachaspati Nagar(Andhra Thardhi), Madhubani). The details of his life have been lost, though he is said to have named one of his works after his wife, Bhāmatī. He wrote commentaries on the main works of all the major Hindu schools of thought at the time, as well as one non-commentary, "Tattvabindu."
In "Tattvabindu", Vācaspati examines four competing theories of linguistic meaning:
Mandana Misra's ("sphoṭavāda"), which involves grasping the meaning of a word or sentence by perceiving a " sphoṭa" or single holistic sound, which is distinct from the elements (sounds or characters) that make up the word or sentence;
Nyāyatheory which involves concatenating the memory traces ("saṃskāra") of momentary components of a word or sentence when we hear the final momentary component;
*the similar Mīmāmsā theory, according to which our grasp of the meaning of a sentence lies in the memory traces created by the words; and
Prābhākara Mīmāmsātheory, "anvitābhidhānavāda", according to which the meaning of a sentence is derived from the meanings of its words, each of which has an individual meaning in the sentence as well as having syntactic relations with the other words — no "sphoṭa" or memory traces are required.
After examining each of these theories, Vācaspati presents his own theory, "abhihitānvayavāda", according to which understanding of the meaning of a whole sentence is reached by inferring it, in a separate act of "lakṣanā" or implication, from the individual meanings of the constituent words.
ources and further reading
*"Bhāmatī" (on Śankara's "Brahmasūtrabhāsya")
Patañjali's "Yogasūtras" and "Bhāsya")
Mandana Miśra's "Vidhidviveka")
S.S. Hasurkar, "Vācaspati Miśra on Advaita Vedanta". Darbhanga: Nithila Institute of Post-Graduate Studies, 1958.
Karl H. Potter, "Vācaspati Miśra" (in Robert L. Arrington[ed.] . "A Companion to the Philosophers". Oxford: Blackwell, 2001. ISBN 0-631-22967-1)
J.N. Mohanty, "Classican Indian Philosophy". Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. ISBN 0-8476-8933-6
V.N. Seshagiri Rao, "Vācaspati's Contribution to Advaita". Mysore: Samvit Publishers, 1984.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Vācaspati Miśra — (env.900 980) est un philosophe indien et un chercheur en philosophie. Il a commenté les textes fondamentaux des six darśana de l orthodoxie brahmanique. Il a créé une des principales écoles d étude des Vedas dans la philosophie indienne :… … Wikipédia en Français
Vacaspati Misra — Vācaspati Miśra Vācaspati Miśra (env.900 980) est un philosophe indien et un chercheur en philosophie. Il a commenté les textes fondamentaux des six darsana de l orthodoxie brahmanique. Il a créé une des principales écoles d étude des Vedas dans… … Wikipédia en Français
Indian philosophy — Any of the numerous philosophical systems developed on the Indian subcontinent, including both orthodox (astika) systems, namely, the Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mimamsa, and Vedanta schools of philosophy, and unorthodox (nastika) systems … Universalium
Nyaya — Part of a series on Hindu philosophy … Wikipedia
ВАЧАСПАТИ МИШРА — ВАЧАСПАТИ МИШРА (санскр. Vàcaspati Мйга) индийский философ энциклопедист, написавший 8 сочинений в традициях всех классических брахманистских систем, за исключением вайшешики. Брахман из Северной Индии (Митхила, совр. Бихар), учился у одного… … Философская энциклопедия
Hindu law — in its current usage refers to the system of personal laws (i.e., marriage, adoption, inheritance) applied to Hindus, especially in India. Modern Hindu law is thus a part of the law of India established by the Constitution of India (1950).… … Wikipedia
List of teachers of Vedanta — This is a list of teachers of Vedanta, a Hindu philosophical system.Pre 19th century*Badarayana *Gaudapada *Govinda Bhagavatpada *Adi Shankara *Bhaskara *Padmapāda *Sureśvara *Mandana Misra *Hastamalakacharya *Totakacharya *Appayya Dikshitar… … Wikipedia
Philosophy of language — is the reasoned inquiry into the nature, origins, and usage of language. As a topic, the philosophy of language for Analytic Philosophers is concerned with four central problems: the nature of meaning, language use, language cognition, and the… … Wikipedia
Maithil Brahman — ▪ Indian caste caste of Brahmans in Bihār, India (the area of the ancient kingdom of Mithilā), well known for their orthodoxy and interest in learning. The names of these Brahmans are usually followed by the appellation Miśra; many great… … Universalium
980 — NOTOC EventsBy PlaceEurope* Otto II renounces his claim to Lorraine. * The Viking ring castle of Trelleborg is constructed in Denmark. * Foundation by Notger of the Prince Bishopric of Liège which will remain an independent state inside the Holy… … Wikipedia