House of Nemanjić


House of Nemanjić

Royal house
surname = House of Nemanja
estate = of Rascia, Doclea (Zeta), Travunia, Dalmatia and Zachlumia
coat of arms =
country = Serbia
titles = Grand Prince (Велики Жупан/Veliki Župan), King (Краљ/Kralj), Emperor/Tsar (Цар/Car)
parent house = House of Vukanović/House of Urošević/Urošević
founder = Stefan Nemanja
final ruler = Stefan Uroš
current head = extinct
founding year = 1166
dissolution = 1371
nationality = Serbian
cadet branches = House of Miroslav (House of Nikolić)
The House of Nemanjić (Serbian: Немањићи, "Nemanjići"; Anglicised: "Nemanyid"; German: "Nemanjiden") was a medieval Serbian ruling dynasty.

The "Stefan" dynasty - House of Nemanjić was named after Stefan Nemanja. It was descended from the cadet line of the House of Vojislavljević. The House of Nemanjić produced eleven Serbian monarchs between 1166 and 1371.

After Stefan Nemanja had taken "Stefan" as his name, all the subsequent monarchs of the house used it as sort of title. Soon it became inseparable from the monarchy, and all claimants denoted their royal pretensions by using the same name, in front of their original names.

Rulers of this dynasty wore the titles "Grand Princes of Rascia" from 1166. After the crowning of Stefan the First-Crowned in 1217, the full title of the dynasty was "King of the land of Rascia, Doclea, Travunia, Dalmatia and Zachlumia", although a shorter version of the title was "King of the Serbs". Following the elevation of members of the dynasty to the status of Emperors in 1346, the title became "Tsar of All Serbs, Albanians, Greeks and Bulgarians".

The family crest was a bicephalic argent eagle on a red shield, inherited from the Byzantine Paleologus dynasty.

The House of Nemanjić ruled the Serb lands between c. 1166 and 1371.

Compared with other dynasties of Serbian lands, which usually lost their position in much less than a century, the Nemanjićs were exceptionally mighty and well-sustained ruling dynasty, and its legacy is respected among Serbs.

Rulers

* Stefan Nemanja also "Stefan I, Nemanja" (ca 1166-1199)
* Vukan II Nemanjić (1196 - 1208)
* Stefan Prvovenčani (Stefan the Firstcrowned) also "Stefan II, Nemanja" (1199- 1228), eldest son of Stefan Nemanja
* Đorđe Nemanjić (1208 - 1243), Ruler of Zeta
* Stefan Radoslav (1228 - 1233)
* Stefan Vladislav I (1234 - 1243)
* Stefan Uroš I (1243 - 1276)
* Stefan Dragutin (1276 - 1282)
* Stefan (Uroš II) Milutin (1282 - 1321)
* Stefan Vladislav II (1321 - about 1325)
* Stefan (Uroš III) Dečanski (1321 - 1331)
* Stefan (Uroš IV) Dušan (Dušan the Mighty) (1331 - 1355), King of Serbia (1331 - 1346); "Tsar of Serbs and Greeks" (1346 - 1355)
* Stefan Uroš V (Uroš the Weak) (1355 - 1371), tsar
* Tsar Simeon-Siniša of Epirus (1359 -1370), son of Stefan Uroš III and the Greek Princess
* Tsar Jovan Uroš of Epirus (1370 - 1373), son of Simeon-Siniša; is the very last ruler of Epirus

The current Royal House of Serbia, the Karađorđević dynasty, regards itself as the successor of the House of Nemanjić.

See also

* List of Serbian monarchs
* House of Vojislavljević
* House of Kotromanić
* History of Serbia
* History of Montenegro
* History of Herzegovina
* History of Dalmatia
* Nemanjić family tree

External links

* [http://www.rodoslovlje.com/medieval_serbia/eng/families-nemanjics.htm Medieval Serbia - The Nemanjics]
* [http://www.rs.risjak.net/chilandar/Nemanjic.html Chilandar - Nemanjic Dynasty]
* [http://www.njegos.org/medieval/nemanjic.htm Serb Land of Montenegro - The Sacronist Nemanjic Dynasty]
* [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SERBIA.htm#_Toc105321916 Foundation for Medieval Genealogy - Serbia - Grand Zupan of Serbia, 1166-1217, Nemanjic dynasty] , [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SERBIA.htm#_Toc105321919 Chapter 3 - Kings of Serbia 1217-1346, Tsars of Serbia 1346-1371, Nemanjic dynasty]
* Serbian Unity Congress - Serbian Medieval History. Nemanjic Dynasty: [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Rulers/Stefan_Nemanja.html Stefan Nemanja] , [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Rulers/Stefan_Prvovencani.html Stefan Prvovencani (the First-crowned)] , [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Rulers/Stefan_Uros_I.html Stefan Uros I] , [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Rulers/Stefan_Dragutin.html Stefan Dragutin] , [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Rulers/Stefan_Uros_II_Milutin.html Stefan Uros II Milutin] , [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Rulers/Stefan_Uros_III_Decanski.html Stefan Uros III Decanski] , [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Rulers/Stefan_Dusan.html Stefan Uros IV Dusan] , [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/Rulers/Stefan_Uros.html Stefan Uros V]
* [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/balkan/balkan5.html Genealogy of the Nemanjiden]
* [http://www.rastko.org.yu/istorija/loza_nemanjica/index.html Holy bloodline of Stefan Nemanja] by Željko Fajfrić (Serbian)
* History of the Serb People (Third Age) by Vladimir Ćorović. [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_1_l.html Stephen Nemanya] , [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_2_l.html The Latin Empire and the creation of the Serb Kingdom] , [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_3_l.html Serbian interregnums] , [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_4_l.html Western Orientation in Serbia] , [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_5_l.html Serbia as the main Balkan power] , [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_6_l.html Pressing the Bulgarians as the main Serbian rivals] , [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_7_l.html Creation of a Serbian Empire] , [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_8_l.html The Work of Tsar Dusan] , [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/3_9_l.html The Fall of the Serbian Empire] (Serbian)
* The Genealogies of the dynasties from Zeta and Montenegro by Jovan B. Markuš. The Nemanjics: [http://www.njegos.org/markus/10.jpgPage 1] , [http://www.njegos.org/markus/11.jpgPage 2] , [http://www.njegos.org/markus/12.jpgPage 3] , [http://www.njegos.org/markus/13.jpgPage 4] , [http://www.njegos.org/markus/14.jpgPage 5] (Serbian)
* [http://www.znanje.org/i/i21/01iv09/01iv0903/00iv0903.htm The] [http://www.znanje.org/i/i21/01iv09/01iv0903/1nem.htm Nemanjics] (Serbian)

Sources

* [http://www.suc.org/culture/history/Serb_History/index.html The Serbian Unity Congress - Serbian Medieval History] .
* Fajfrić, Željko. "Sveta loza Stefana Nemanje".
* Veselinović, Andrija & Ljušić, Radoš (2001). "Српске династије", Platoneum.
* Ćorović, Vladimir (2005). " [http://www.rastko.org.yu/rastko-bl/istorija/corovic/istorija/index_l.html ИЛУСТРОВАНА ИСТОРИЈА СРБА] ", Book II, Third Age, Politika.
* CD Chilandar by Studio A, Aetos, Library of Serb Patriarchate and Chilandar monastery, Belgrade, 1998
* Intervju - ДИНАСТИЈЕ и владари јужнословенских народа. Special Edition 12, 16 June 1989.
* Markuš, Jovan. " [http://www.njegos.org/markus/index.htm Родослови династија из Зете и Црне Горе] "


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