A switcher or shunter (
Great Britain: shunter; Australia: shunter or yard pilot; USA: switcher (or switch engine), except Pennsylvania Railroad: shifter) is a small railroad locomotiveintended not for moving trains over long distances but rather for assembling trains ready for a road locomotive to take over, disassembling a train that has been brought in, and generally moving railroad cars around - a process usually known as switching (UK: shunting). They do this in classification yards. Switchers may also make short transfer runs and even be the only motive power on branch lines.
The typical switcher is optimised for its job, being relatively low-powered but with a high starting
tractive effortfor getting heavy cars rolling quickly. Switchers are geared to produce high torquebut are restricted to low top speeds and have small diameter driving wheels . Steam switchers are either tank locomotives or have special (smaller) tenders, with narrow coal bunkers and/or sloped tender decks to increase rearward visibility. Headlights, where carried, were mounted on both ends. Diesel switchers tend to have a high cab and often lower and/or narrower hoods (bonnets) containing the diesel engines, for all round visibility. Slugs are often used because they allow even greater tractive effort to be applied. Nearly all slugs used for switching are of the low hood, cabless variety. Good visibility in both directions is critical, because a switcher may be running in either direction; turning the locomotive is time-consuming. Some earlier diesel switchers used cow-calfconfigurations of two powered units in order to provide greater power. Now, the vast majority of switchers are diesels, but countries with near-total electrification, like Switzerland, use electric switchers. Small industrial shunters have sometimes been fireless locomotives and a few of these are still at work in Germany.
Switching is hard work, and heavily used switch engines wear out quickly from the abuse of constant hard contacts with cars and frequent starting and stopping.
A station pilot is a shunting engine based at a major passenger station, used for moving trains or carriages between platforms, assembling trains, and other passenger train shunting tasks. It is a predominantly British term.
Station pilots are no longer used in the UK as the majority of passenger trains are formed with multiple units; the few locomotive-hauled passenger trains are shunted by the train engine rather than a dedicated station pilot.
Rail car mover- some of which resemble HiRail trucks
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Switcher — SA Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1981 Sitz … Deutsch Wikipedia
switcher — vaizdų mišrinimo inžinierius statusas T sritis profesijos apibrėžtis Televizijos studijos inžinierius, atsakingas už vaizdų, gaunamų iš jų kūrėjo, perjungimą ir mišrinimą. atitikmenys: angl. mixer; switcher; switchman; video engineer; video… … Inžinieriai, technikai ir technologai. Trikalbis aiškinamasis žodynėlis
switcher — noun see switch II … New Collegiate Dictionary
switcher — See switchable. * * * … Universalium
switcher — noun A railway locomotive used for shunting; a shunter. Syn: shunter … Wiktionary
switcher — ● ►en ● 1. /swit (ch)*r/ n. m. ►PERIPH Dispositif électronique (en général il suffit d un interrupteur spécial) permettant de basculer d un écran à un autre. ● 2. /swit che/ vi. Basculer, passer d un état à un autre. ● 3. /swit (ch)*r/ n. m.… … Dictionnaire d'informatique francophone
switcher — Turks and Caicos Islands dialect Lemonade/limeade(combination of sugar water and lime/lemon) … English dialects glossary
Switcher — Swit|cher 〈[svı̣tʃə(r)] m.; Gen.: s, Pl.: ; TV; umg.〉 jmd., der beim Fernsehen ständig von Kanal zu Kanal schaltet; Syn. Zapper [Etym.: engl., »Umschalter«] … Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch
Switcher — Swit|cher der; s, : jmd., der [ständig] auf andere [Fernseh]programme umschaltet, ↑Zapper … Das große Fremdwörterbuch
switcher — n. one who switches … English contemporary dictionary