2001 Indian Parliament attack
Infobox terrorist attack
title=2001 Indian Parliament attack
New Delhi, India
Parliament of Indiabuilding
December 13, 2001
fatalities=7 (and 5 militants)
perps=Kashmiri militantsThe 2001 Indian Parliament attack was a high-profile attack by Kashmiri militants against the building housing the
Parliament of Indiain New Delhi. The attack led to the killing of a dozen people [http://www.rediff.com/news/2001/dec/13parl1.htm "Terrorists attack Parliament; five intruders, six cops killed"] . 2006. Rediff.com. Rediff India. 13 Dec. 2001] and led to increased tensions between Indiaand Pakistanand the 2001-2002 India-Pakistan standoff.
December 13, 2001, five gunmen infiltrated the Parliament House in a car with Home Ministry and Parliament labels. [http://www.rediff.com/news/2001/dec/13parl14.htm 'The terrorists had the home ministry and special Parliament label'] . 2006. Rediff.com. Rediff India. 13 Dec. 2001] While both the Rajya Sabhaand Lok Sabhahad been adjourned forty minutes prior to the incident, many Members of Parliament (MPs) and government officials such as Home Minister LK Advaniand Minister of State(Defence) Harin Pathakwere believed to have still been in the building at the time of the attack. [http://www.rediff.com/news/2001/dec/13parl1.htm "Terrorists attack Parliament; five intruders, six cops killed"] . 2006. Rediff.com. Rediff India. 13 Dec. 2001] (Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayeeand Opposition Leader Sonia Gandhihad already left). The gunmen slammed their vehicle into the car of the Indian Vice President Krishan Kant(who was in the building at the time), got out, and began firing their weapons. The Vice President's guards and security personnel shot back at the terrorists and then started closing the gates of the compound. The lady constable Kamlesh Kumariwas first to spot the terrorist squad. One gunman, wearing a suicide vest, was shot dead, the vest exploding. The other four gunmen were also killed. Five policemen, a Parliament security guard, and a gardener were killed, and 18 others were injured. [ [http://www.hciottawa.ca/news/pr/pr-011218.html Press Release on the attack] ] No members of the government were hurt.
World leaders and leaders in India's immediate neighbourhood condemned the attack on the Parliament. On December 14, the ruling
National Democratic Alliance(NDA) blamed Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taibaand Jaish-e-Mohammedfor the attack. Home Minister LK Advani claimed, " [w] e have received some clues about yesterday's incident, which shows that a neighbouring country, and some terrorist organisations active there behind it" [http://www.rediff.com/news/2001/dec/14parl21.htm "Parliament attack: Advani points towards neighbouring country"] . 2006. Rediff.com. Rediff India. 14 Dec. 2001] , in an indirect reference to Pakistan and Pakistan-based terrorist groups. The same day, in a " demarche" to Pakistani High Commissionerto India Ashraf Jehangir Qazi, India demanded that Pakistan stop the activities of LeT and JeM, that Pakistan apprehend the organisations' leaders and that Pakistan curb the financial assets and the groups access to these assets. [http://www.rediff.com/news/2001/dec/14parl12.htm "Govt blames LeT for Parliament attack, asks Pak to restrain terrorist outfits"] . 2006. Rediff.com. Rediff India. 14 Dec. 2001] In response to the Indian government's statements, Pakistani forces were put on high alert the same day. Pakistan military spokesman Major-General Rashid Qureshiclaimed that the Parliament attack was a "drama staged by Indian intelligence agencies to defame the freedom struggle in occupied Kashmir" and further warned that India would pay "heavily if they engage in any misadventure". [http://www.dawn.com/2001/12/15/top1.htm "Pakistan and its highly mobile and powerful forces were put on high alert: Storming of parliament"] . 2006. Dawn. Dawn Group of Newspapers. 15 Dec. 2001] On December 20, India mobilised and deployed its troops to Kashmir and Punjab in what was India's largest military mobilization since the 1971 Indo-Pakistani Waramid calls from the United Statesand the United Nations(UN) on India to exercise restraint.
Following the attack, many suspects were arrested, and in December 2002 four Jaish-e-Mohammed members were convicted for roles in the attack. [ [http://www.hinduonnet.com/2002/12/17/stories/2002121705260100.htm 4 convicted in attack] ] In 2003, India said its forces had killed the mastermind of the attack in Kashmir. [ [http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/en/doc/2003-08/31/content_259902.htm Mastermind killed] ]
Mohammad Afzal who is convicted of being part of conspiracy is now sentenced to death by Indian court. He was to be hanged on October 20'th but the sentence has been stayed. His family had camped in New Delhi to meet the then President Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam to accept the mercy petition. Also the family of
Kamlesh Kumari, a CRPF Jawan(Indian infantry foot soldier) who died in the attack has said that they will return the Ashok Chakra awarded to her, if the president accepts the petition, but it is unclear if it had been done so.
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