Primary instrument

A primary instrument is a scientific instrument, which by its physical characteristics is accurate and is not calibrated against anything else. A primary instrument must be able to be exactly duplicated anywhere, anytime with identical results.

For Example

*Pressure. A U tube filled with water is a primary instrument as the water column differential is unchangeable as water is a basic physical substance. It is accurate due to its nature.

econdary instruments

Secondary instruments must be calibrated against a primary standard. For example:

*a dial bourdon tube type pressure gauge must be calibrated against a water or mercury U tube to assure good accuracy.

*Time. The earth moving in its orbit is primary. Clocks must be calibrated against it.


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