Infobox Korean settlement
pop=130957 |popnote= [ [http://www.gongju.go.kr/cityhall/cityhall-13-01.htm] Dead link|date=March 2008]
divs=1 "eup", 10 "myeon", 6 "dong"
Gongju (Gongju-si), also spelt Kongju, is a city in
South Chungcheongprovince, South Korea. It is located at coord|36|27|N|127|7|E|region:KR_type:city(130,957).
Gongju was formerly named
Ungjinand was the capital of Baekjefrom AD 475 to 538. In this period, Baekje was under threat from Goguryeo. Goguryeo had overrun the previous capital of Hanseong (modern-day Seoul), which forced Baekje to find a new center of strength.
In 538, King Seong moved the capital to
Sabi(in modern-day Buyeo County). However, Gongju remained an important center until the kingdom's fall in 667.
August 11, 2004, the South Korean Prime Minister Lee Hae-chanannounced that the country's capital will be moved from Seoulto Gongju (approximately 120km south of Seoul) and Yeongi commencing in 2007. A 72.91 km² (18,016 acre) site was chosen for the project, which was scheduled to be completed by 2030. It was envisaged that government and administrative functions will move to the new capital, along with (possibly) the National Assembly and supreme court, although no sizable relocation was expected until the first phase of the project has been completed by 2012.
The move was intended to reduce Seoul's overcrowding and economic dominance over the rest of South Korea; perhaps not coincidentally, it would have also moved the government and administration out of range of
North Korean artillery fire.
The projected cost of the project ranged from $45bn to as much as $94bn.
The plan has aroused controversy, with opposition parties calling for a
referendumto see whether it is endorsed by the population. Some civic groups have also launched a constitutional appeal, and on October 21, 2004, the Constitutional Court ruled that the special law for the relocation of the capital is unconstitutional since the relocation is a serious national matter requiring national referendum or revision of the constitution, thus effectively ending the dispute. Opinion polls showed that a slight majority of South Koreans are opposed to the move, both before and after the ruling.
However, late in 2004, the government announced yet another plan that will allow Seoul to be a capital in name only by retaining the Executive Branch in Seoul, while moving all other branches of government to Gongju. The question remains unresolved to date. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3554296.stm BBC News: S Korea chooses new capital site] ]
Gongju was a capital of
Baekje, and was a provincial city governing Chungcheong provinice. So it has lots of good places to visit. King Muryeong's tomb is the most famous site to visit and Gongsan Castle was the remained site of Baekje's palaces. Gongju National Museumdisplays the treasures found in King Muryeong's tomb.
Famous people associated with Gongju include member of popular boy band
TVXQ, YoungWoong JaeJoong, and professional baseball player Chan-ho Park, who were both born there.
List of cities in South Korea
Geography of South Korea
* [http://www.gongju.go.kr/english/index.html City government website]
* [http://english.kongju.ac.kr/ National Kongju University website]
* [http://dmoz.org/Regional/Asia/South_Korea/Chungnam/Gongju/ Open Directory category]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Gongju — 100px Hangul : 공주시 Hanja : 公州市 Romanisation révisée : Gongju si McCune Reischauer: Kongju si … Wikipédia en Français
gōngjù — [ref dict= Universal (Ch Ru) ]工具[/ref] … Chinese phonetic list
Gongju (South Korea) — Hotels: Buyeo Moonhwa Tourist Hotel Gongju (Suburb) … International hotels
Gongju National Museum — Infobox Korean name caption= hangul=국립공주박물관 hanja=國立公州博物馆 rr=Guknip Gongju bakmulgwan mr=Kuknip Kongchu pakmulkwan|Gongju National Museum is a national museum in Gongju , South Korea. The Gongju National Museum holds 10,000 artifacts including 19 … Wikipedia
Buyeo Moonhwa Tourist Hotel Gongju (Gongju) — Buyeo Moonhwa Tourist Hotel Gongju country: South Korea, city: Gongju (Suburb) Buyeo Moonhwa Tourist Hotel Gongju Location Buyeo Moonhwa Tourist Hotel is located in Buyeo Gun, which is 29 kilometres away from Gongju City.Rooms The hotel has… … International hotels
Université nationale de pédagogie de Gongju — Nom original 공주교육대학교 Informations Fondation 1938 Type Université nationale Localisation Ville Gongju Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Yeongi-Gongju — For Yeongi Gongju, see: *Yeongi County *Gongju City … Wikipedia
shēngchǎn gōngjù — [ref dict= Universal (Ch Ru) ]生产工具[/ref] … Chinese phonetic list
公举 — gōngjǔ [recommend by general public] 公共推选; 公众推举 公举本市市长 … Advanced Chinese dictionary
共居 — gòngjū (1) [live together]∶同住, 一起生活 与弟子共居 (2) [coexist]∶同时存在(多指抽象事物) … Advanced Chinese dictionary