Emergency medicine in France
France, there are two types of emergency rooms: the specialized services (called SAU) and the proximity units (called Upatou).
Service specialized in emergency care
A hospital (public or private) can have a specialized service "(service spécialisé d'accueil et de traitement des urgences)" only if it can already take care of the most probable trauma and disease in classical hospitalization:
resuscitationunit, general and internal medicine, cardio-vascular medicine, pediatrics, anesthesiology-resuscitation, Orthopedic surgeryand visceral surgery, including Gynecological surgery. The hospital must have
operating rooms (and a wake-up room) with personnel on duty that allow operation at any time;
* services that can perform examination and analyses at any time:
medical imaging( radiography, medical ultrasonography, computed tomography, angiography...), haematology, biochemistry, de toxicologylaboratories, etc.
The specialized service is managed by an
emergency physician. An emergency physician must be on duty anytime, and a specialized physician can be called anytime depending on the specific pathology (i.e. on duty in the hospital, not in the emergency service).
The team must have, in addition to the emergency physician:
* care assistants, possibly child care assistants;
* a social worker;
* a receptionist;all must have a specific education for emergencies.
The service is organized in three zones:
* a reception zone,
* a zone for the examination and the cares (including intensive cares),
* a zone for the watch over short durations (patients waiting to go out or for a transfer in another service).Most services also have a massive crowd room that allow to take care of a great number of patients ("
There are also specialized poles "(pôle spécialisé d'accueil et de traitement des urgences)" that can anly take care of specific pathologies or specific types of patients (e.g. pediatrics).
Blurb about proximity units goes here.
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