Timocrates of Rhodes
Timocrates of Rhodes was a Rhodian Greek sent by the Persian satrap
Pharnabazusin 396 or 395 BCto distribute money to Greek city states and foment opposition to Sparta. [Xenophon ( [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Xen.+Hell.+3.5.1 3.5.1] ) states that Tithraustes, not Pharnabazus, sent Timocrates, but the " Hellenica Oxyrhynchia" states that Pharnabazus sent him. For chronological reasons, this account is to be preferred. See Fine, "The Ancient Greeks", 548] He visited Athens, Thebes, Corinth, and Argos. His encouragement prompted Thebes to provoke Sparta into war, beginning the Corinthian War, which dragged on from 395 to 387 BC.
The primary aim of Timocrates' mission, which he accomplished, was to force the withdrawal of the Spartan king Agesilaus and his army from
Ionia. Timocrates's success in this mission was the basis for the famous statement, recorded by Plutarch, that "a thousand Persian archers had driven [Agesilaus] out of Asia," referring to the archer that was stamped on Persian gold coins. [Plutarch, "Life of Agesilaus"]
*Fine, John V.A. "The Ancient Greeks: A critical history" (Harvard University Press, 1983) ISBN 0-674-03314-0
Plutarch, " [http://classics.mit.edu/Plutarch/agesilus.html Life of Agesilaus] "
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