Timocrates of Rhodes

Timocrates of Rhodes was a Rhodian Greek sent by the Persian satrap Pharnabazus in 396 or 395 BC to distribute money to Greek city states and foment opposition to Sparta. [Xenophon ( [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Xen.+Hell.+3.5.1 3.5.1] ) states that Tithraustes, not Pharnabazus, sent Timocrates, but the "Hellenica Oxyrhynchia" states that Pharnabazus sent him. For chronological reasons, this account is to be preferred. See Fine, "The Ancient Greeks", 548] He visited Athens, Thebes, Corinth, and Argos. His encouragement prompted Thebes to provoke Sparta into war, beginning the Corinthian War, which dragged on from 395 to 387 BC.

The primary aim of Timocrates' mission, which he accomplished, was to force the withdrawal of the Spartan king Agesilaus and his army from Ionia. Timocrates's success in this mission was the basis for the famous statement, recorded by Plutarch, that "a thousand Persian archers had driven [Agesilaus] out of Asia," referring to the archer that was stamped on Persian gold coins. [Plutarch, "Life of Agesilaus"]


*Fine, John V.A. "The Ancient Greeks: A critical history" (Harvard University Press, 1983) ISBN 0-674-03314-0
*Plutarch, " [http://classics.mit.edu/Plutarch/agesilus.html Life of Agesilaus] "
*cite wikisource|Hellenica|Xenophon


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Timocrates — may refer to: * Against Timocrates , a speech by Demosthenes *Timocrates of Rhodes, a Rhodian Greek opposed to Sparta …   Wikipedia

  • Memnon of Rhodes — (380 – 333 BC) was the commander of the Greek mercenaries working for the Persian king Darius III when Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded Persia in 334 BC. He commanded the mercenaries at the Battle of the Granicus River, where his troops… …   Wikipedia

  • Corinthian War — Part of the Spartan hegemony Hoplites in combat …   Wikipedia

  • 395 BC — NOTOC EventsBy placePersian Empire* The Persian satrap Tissaphernes enemy Parysatis, mother of Cyrus, succeeds in persuading Persian King Artaxerxes II to have him executed at Colossae, Phrygia (now Turkey). Parysatis cannot forgive Tissaphernes… …   Wikipedia

  • Epicrates of Athens — Epicrates ( Epikratês ) was a citizen of ancient Athens who took a prominent part in public affairs after the end of the Peloponnesian War.He was a zealous member of the democratical party, and had a share in the overthrow of the Thirty Tyrants.… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Haliartus — Infobox Military Conflict caption= conflict=Battle of Haliartus partof=the Corinthian War date=395 BC place=Haliartus, Boeotia, present day Greece result=Theban victory combatant1=Sparta combatant2=Thebes commander1=Lysander † commander2=Unknown… …   Wikipedia

  • Tithraustes — was the Persian satrap of Sardis for several years in the early 4th century BC. Due to scanty historical records, little is known of the man or his activities. He was sent out from Susa to replace Tissaphernes in 395 BC, and, after arresting his… …   Wikipedia

  • Demosthenes — For other historical and fictional personages named Demosthenes, see Demosthenes (disambiguation). Demosthenes Bust of Demosthenes (Louvre, Paris, France) Born …   Wikipedia

  • War against Nabis — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=War against Nabis caption=The Southern Peloponessus date= 195 BC place=Laconia and Argolid territory=Argos to the Achaean League, Laconian coastal cities become independent under Achean protection as Union of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of ancient Greeks — This an alphabetical list of ancient Greeks. These include ethnic Greeks and Greek language speakers from Greece and the Mediterranean world up to about 200 AD. compactTOCRelated articles NOTOC A*Acacius of Caesarea bishop of Caesarea… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.