Television in South Korea


Television in South Korea

In South Korea, there are a number of national television networks, the three largest of which are KBS, MBC, and SBS. Most of the major television studios are located on Yeouido--an island in middle of the Han River--in Seoul. Television introduced in South Korea in 1961 with KBS-TV. Important genres of television shows include serial dramas (soap operas), historical dramas, variety shows, game shows, news programs, and documentaries. All three networks have produced increasingly lavish historical dramas in recent years. Some South Korean television programs are available on satellite and multicultural channels in North America. Korean dramas have become popular in other East Asian and Southeast Asian countries, with whole sets of videotapes or DVDs of series available, complete with Chinese subtitles.

Shopping channels have become quite popular in recent years as well, and the models sometimes put on entertaining acts during product pitches.

There are many cable operators in South Korea, such as Tbroad, C&M, and CJ. The cable TV subscriber is approximately 14 million. The cable operator provides TPS to its subscribers.

Contents

National networks

In South Korea, there are four nationwide television networks, three general networks and one educational network as follows:

Name Channels
(Sudogwon region)
Channels
(Busan region)
Type Launch Owner
Educational Broadcasting System (EBS)
교육방송
EBS Logo.svg
Public broadcasting 27 December 1990 Government of South Korea
Korean Broadcasting System (KBS)
한국방송
Korean Broadcasting System-text only.svg
  • KBS 1TV (Ch. 9-1)
  • KBS 2TV (Ch. 7-1)
  • KBS Busan 1TV (Ch. 9-1)
  • KBS Busan 2TV (Ch. 7-1)
Public broadcasting 29 October 1961 Government of South Korea
Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC)
문화방송
Munhwa Broadcasting Company.svg
Commercial network 8 August 1969 The Foundation of Broadcast Culture &
The Jeongsu Scholarship Foundation
Seoul Broadcasting System (SBS)
에스비에스 / 주식회사
SBS Logo.svg
  • KNN TV (Ch. 6-1)
Commercial network 20 March 1991 SBS Holdings
(The TaeYoung E&C -led Consortium)

List of television channels

All of them are free-to-air channels. Furthermore, all of them are the official digital television and DMB providers of the nation (since 2005, approved by the Korean Government).

Government owned channels

Name Owner Launch Genre Slogan Description
KBS 1TV KBS October 29, 1961 General entertainment featuring news and sport, etc. Korean's Manifested Channel The Channel's callsign is HLKA-TV.
KBS 2TV KBS March 1964 General entertainment featuring variety shows and sport, etc. Youth Channel The Channel's callsign is HLSA-TV.
MBC TV MBC August 8, 1969 General entertainment featuring news and variety shows, etc. MBC... Munhwa Bangsong Its name is literally "Culture Broadcasting Corporation".
EBS TV EBS December 27, 1990 General Infotainment featuring documentaries, 2nd language education programmes, etc. A truly good channel Formerly KBS 3TV, independent in 1990.

Corporate channels

In South Korea, lots of corporate television network has been created after the deregulation taken in 1990.[1] Apart from OBS Kyeongin TV, All of them are affiliated with SBS.

SBS is responsible in distributing its programming content nationally, but is not responsible for producing local content aired by their affiliates.

Name Owner Launch Covers Genre Slogan Description
SBS TV SBS Holdings (The TaeYoung E&C -led Consortium) March 20, 1991 Seoul and its suburbs General entertainment featuring variety shows and drama, etc. Humanism Through Digital (2000–2010) See you Tomorrow (2010–present)
OBS Kyeongin TV Yeong-an Hat Co. December 28, 2007 Seoul and its suburbs General entertainment with local contents, independent of SBS Your light of Hope and Share
KNN KNN Corp.(The Nexen Tire-led Consortium) May 14, 1995 Busan and Gyeongnam General entertainment with some local contents
TBC TBC Corp.(The Nano Chem.-led Consortium) May 14, 1995 Daegu and Gyeongbuk General entertainment with some local contents
KBC KBC Corp. May 14, 1995 Gwangju and Jeonnam General entertainment with some local contents
TJB TJB Corp.(The Woosung Feed Co.-led Consortium) May 14, 1995 Daejeon and Chungnam General entertainment with some local contents
ubc UBC Corp.(The KOFCO-led Consortium) September 1, 1997 Ulsan, eastern part of Gyeongnam General entertainment with some local contents
JTV JTV Corp. (The Iljin holdings. -led Consortium) September 17, 1997 Jeonbuk General entertainment with some local contents
CJB CJB Corp. (The Doujin Construction -led Consortium) October 18, 1997 Chungbuk General entertainment with some local contents
GTB GTB Corp. December 15, 2001 Gangwon General entertainment with some local contents
JIBS JIBS Corp.(The Hanju Holdings. -led Consortium) May 31, 2002 Jeju General entertainment with some local contents

References

  1. ^ South Korea, The Museum of Broadcast Communications, Retrieved on March 21, 2009

See also



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