Sokół ( _pl. Polskie Towarzystwo Gimnastyczne "Sokół", "Polish Gymnastic Society "Falcon") is the Polish off-shoot of the Pan-Slavic Sokol, and the oldest youth movement organization Poland. Created in Lwów in 1867, by the end of World War I the movement had its units (called "nest" or "gniazdo" in Polish) in all parts of Poland, as well as among the Polish communities abroad.


The Sokół was formed February 7, 1867 in Lwów, then a capital of Austro-Hungarian Galicia. The basic aims of the society were promotion of gymnastics and national revival in all parts of partitioned Poland. In 1885 the first chairman, Józef Millert managed to convince the German authorities to allow for Sokół nests to be formed in German-held parts of Poland. After the Revolution of 1905 the Sokół expanded into the Russian Empire.

As opposed to the Scouting movement which emerged in Poland simultaneously (by large promoted by Józef Piłsudski's socialists), the Sokół was largely rightist, with the majority of important posts taken by supporters of Roman Dmowski's National League. It promoted gymnastics and healthy life, as well as traditional moral values. Interestingly, the movement opposed football, as a plebeian sports. Because of that, many members left the organization in early 20th century and founded their own football clubs, among them the Czarni Lwów - the first football team in Poland.

After Poland regained her independence, in 1919 the nests formed in various partitions were united in the "Union of Gymnastic Societies "Sokół". After the Polish defeat in 1939 the new Soviet and Nazi authorities banned the Sokół and it was not allowed to emerge after the war. It was not until 1988 that the ban was lifted by the Communist authorities of Poland. During that time only minor nests continued their activity abroad, among the Polish diaspora in the United Kingdom, United States ("Polish Falcons"), France and several other countries. The following year, on January 10 the first nest since WWII was officially registered and on March 1, 1990, the society was again registered in Poland. Currently the organization has 86 nests and claims to have approx 10,000 members both in Poland and abroad.

See also

*Związek Strzelecki



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sokol — (kyrillisch Сокол, zu deutsch Falke) bezeichnet: Sokol (Familienname), siehe dort Etymologie, Varianten, Namensträger Sokol (Turnbewegung), slawisch national geprägte Turnvereinigungen RŽD Baureihe ЭС250, in Russland geplanter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sokol — sȍkol m <N mn i/ ovi> DEFINICIJA 1. zool. ptica grabljivica (Falco) iz porodice pravih sokolova [sivi sokol; sokol grlaš; sokol lovac] 2. (+ sòkō) pren. retor. ekspr. knjiš. junak 3. (Sokol) organizacija za tjelesni odgoj, utemeljena 1862.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sokół — steht für: das polnische Wort für Falke einen polnischen Turnverein (Polskie Towarzystwo Gimnastyczne Sokół ), siehe Sokół (Turnverein) eine polnische Motorradmarke aus der Zeit vor dem 2. Weltkrieg, siehe Sokół (Motorrad) einen polnischen Rapper …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sokol — [sō′kôl΄] n. 〚Czech, lit., falcon〛 an international organization promoting physical health, esp. in gymnastics * * * ▪ Russia       city and river port, centre of Sokol rayon (sector), Vologda oblast ( …   Universalium

  • Sokoľ — (Village) Administration Pays  Slovaquie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sokół — puede referirse a: ORP Sokół, un de las tres buques de guerra de la Armada de la República Polaca. PZL W 3 Sokół, un helicóptero militar polaco. Sokół Tychy, un club de fútbol polaco. Sokół, un tipo de motocicletas polacos de los años 1930 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sokół — (Рацибуж,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: ul. Stefana Żeromskiego 2, 47 400 Рацибуж, Польша …   Каталог отелей

  • SOKOL — is a combat aircraft manufacturing facility that is also known as Aviation plant 21 , It is an aviation plant named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze.List of production aircraft*Polikarpov I 5 (1932..1934), I 16, (since 1934, 22 modifications) *Lavochkin …   Wikipedia

  • Sokoľ — (meaning Falcon in Slavic languages) ( hu. Hernádszokoly) is a village and municipality in Košice okolie District in the Kosice Region of eastern Slovakia.HistoryIn historical records the village was first mentioned in 1270 ( Zokola ), when it… …   Wikipedia

  • Sokol — российская марка нефти. Плотность составляет 37,9° API, содержание серы 0,23%. Добывается в проекте «Сахалин 1». Отгрузка через порт в Де Кастри (Хабаровский край) …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.