Toronto Carrying-Place Trail

The Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, also known as the Humber Portage and the Toronto Passage, was a major portage route in Ontario, Canada, linking Lake Ontario with Lake Simcoe and the northern Great Lakes. The name comes from the Mohawk term "toron-ten", meaning "the place where the trees grow over the water", an important landmark on Lake Simcoe through which the trail passed.

Starting with the Toronto end, the trail ran up the eastern bank of the Humber River. The trail splits at Woodbridge, with one fork crossing the east branch of the Humber and going up the west side of the river to the vicinity of Kleinburg where it re-crossed the river. This trail was probably used during the seasons when the water was low enough to ford. The other fork stayed on the east side of the river and angled cross-country to King Creek, joining the other fork before crossing the river near Nobleton, some 50 km north of Lake Ontario. From there it runs north over the Oak Ridges Moraine to the western branch of the Holland River, and from there north-east into Lake Simcoe some 80 km north.

A second route of the trail runs from Lake Ontario at the Rouge River, following the river north-west to the Oak Ridges Moraine. Crossing the Moraine it met the eastern branch of the Holland River near modern-day Aurora, Ontario. This arm appears to have been favoured by the French explorers in the area, without ever having seen the Humber arm.

Once into Lake Simcoe, known as "Ouentironk" among the First Nations people living in the area, the trail continues north through straights on the north end of the lake into Lake Couchiching. These straights, an important fishing area, gives rise to the name Toronto, as this is "the place where the trees grow over the water". The First Nations peoples had planted trees in the narrows between the lakes to act as a weir to catch fish. From there the trail follows the Severn River into Georgian Bay. Many of the major First Nations tribes lived in the area around and to the north of Lake Simcoe, which were easily reachable via the many rivers leading to the lake.

It is widely stated that the first European to see the Humber arm was Étienne Brûlé, who traveled it with a group of twelve Huron in 1615. However it is now believed that this is in error, and he actually traveled further west, to Lake Erie. [ [http://www.toronto.ca/culture/history/history-natives-newcomers.htm DID ÉTIENNE BRÛLÉ VISIT TORONTO IN 1615?] ]

Further French settlement used the Humber portion of the trail primarily. Near the mouth of the Humber and along the Toronto Passage was a trading post called Teiaiagon, where the French and English met with the locals for trading. The site is marked with a plaque and is near the historic Old Mill. This included the construction of three forts on, or near, the trail. The first of these, Magasin Royale, was built in 1688 about 2 km north of Lake Ontario on the Humber near what is today Old Mill. The second, Fort Toronto, was built in 1750 only a few hundred metres north of the lake, right on the trail. The final one, Fort Rouillé, but also known widely as Fort Toronto, was built about 2 km to the east of the river during 1750 and 1751, and today lies under the bandstand at the Canadian National Exhibition.

The trail was widely used by both French and English fur traders until Toronto started to be permanently settled in the early 1800s, bringing to close its use for over a millennia. The connection north to Lake Simcoe was then made along Yonge Street, constructed after Simcoe followed the eastern branch into Toronto.

References

External links

* [http://edrh.rhpl.richmondhill.on.ca/figures.asp?ID=f1-3 Richmond Hill History] - map showing the western arm as it was when Yonge Street was being laid out.
* [http://www.trca.on.ca/water_protection/strategies/humber/pdf/Legacy-C2b.pdf The Coming of the French] - part of a lengthy article on the Humber, this section contains a map of the southern portions of the trail.
* [http://geonames.nrcan.gc.ca/education/toronto_e.php The real story of how Toronto got its name] - Natural Resources Canada website
* [http://www.natureconservancy.ca/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5666 The Toronto Carrying-place] Nature Conservancy of Canada


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toronto — Spitzname: T.O., The Big Smoke Nächtlicher Blick auf die Harbourfront und Downtown Toronto …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toronto — This article is about the city in Canada. For other uses, see Toronto (disambiguation). City of Toronto redirects here. For the municipal government, see municipal government of Toronto. For the historical part of the city, see Old Toronto.… …   Wikipedia

  • Toronto Islands — The Toronto Islands as seen from the lower observation deck of the CN Tower. The meandering channels between the sandy and tree covered islands can clearly be seen from this vantage point. Access is restricted to private watercraft, public… …   Wikipedia

  • Toronto Computer Leasing Inquiry — The Toronto Computer Leasing Inquiry was a judicial inquiry into allegations of conflict of interest, bribery and misappropriation of funds around computer leasing contracts entered into by Toronto, Ontario s municipal government in 1998 and 1999 …   Wikipedia

  • Toronto Transit Commission — TTC redirects here. For other uses, see TTC (disambiguation). Toronto Transit Commission From top left: An Orion VII TTC bus, a T series TTC subway train, an …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Toronto — The coat of arms of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, was designed by Robert Watt, the Chief Herald of Canada, for the city after its amalgamation in 1998. They are blazoned as, Or, a pale and a chief Azure. The Crest: on a wreath of the colours issuant… …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of Toronto — Toronto s skyline from its harbour The city of Toronto, Canada, covers an area of 630 km2 (243 sq mi) and is bounded by Lake Ontario to the south, Etobicoke Creek and Highway 427 to the west, Steeles Avenue to the north, and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Name of Toronto — Part of the series on History of Toronto History …   Wikipedia

  • Cycling in Toronto — Cycling in downtown Toronto, November 2011 A cyclist in Toronto …   Wikipedia

  • Sunnyside, Toronto — Sunnyside is a lakefront district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It includes a beach and park area along Lake Ontario s Humber Bay, to the west of the Exhibition grounds, at the foot of Roncesvalles Avenue where it meets King Street and Queen… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.