Bertram Brockhouse


Bertram Brockhouse

Infobox Scientist
name = Bertram Brockhouse
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birth_date = July 15, 1918
birth_place = Lethbridge
death_date = October 13, 2003
death_place = Hamilton, Ontario
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nationality = Canada
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prizes = Nobel Prize in physics

Bertram Neville Brockhouse, CC, FRSC (July 15, 1918 – October 13, 2003) was a Canadian physicist. He was awarded the Nobel prize in physics (1994, shared with Clifford Shull) "for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter", in particular "for the development of neutron spectroscopy".

Life

Brockhouse was born in Lethbridge Alberta, and was a graduate of the University of British Columbia (BA, 1947) and the University of Toronto (MA, 1948; Ph.D, 1950). [cite web |url=http://neutron.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/brock_e.html |title=Brockhouse and the Nobel Prize - Canadian Neutron Beam Centre |publisher=neutron.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca |accessdate=2008-06-02 ]

From 1950 to 1962, Brockhouse carried out research at Atomic Energy of Canada's Chalk River Nuclear Laboratory.

In 1962, he became professor at McMaster University in Canada, where he remained until his retirement in 1984.

Awards and recognition

He shared the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics with American Clifford Shull for developing neutron scattering techniques for studying condensed matter.

In 1982, Brockhouse was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1995.

In October 2005, as part of the 75th anniversary of McMaster University's establishment in Hamilton, Ontario, a street on the University campus (University Avenue) was renamed to Brockhouse Way in honour of Brockhouse. The town of Deep River, Ontario has also named a street in his honour.

The Nobel Prize that Bertram Brockhouse won (shared with Clifford Shull) in 1994 was awarded after the longest ever waiting time (counting from the time when the award-winning research had been carried out).

References

External links

* [http://www.science.ca/scientists/scientistprofile.php?pID=4 science.ca profile]
* [http://www.nobel-winners.com/Physics/bertram_neville_brockhouse.html Bertram Brockhouse]
* [http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/1994/index.html Nobel site]
* [http://www.gg.ca/honours/search-recherche/honours-desc.asp?lang=e&TypeID=orc&id=3431 Order of Canada Citation]


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  • Bertram Brockhouse — noun Canadian physicist who bounced neutron beams off of atomic nuclei to study the structure of matter (1918 2003) • Syn: ↑Brockhouse • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bertram N. Brockhouse — Bertram Brockhouse. Bertram Neville Brockhouse (* 15. Juli 1918 in Lethbridge, Alberta; † 13. Oktober 2003 in Hamilton, Ontario) war ein kanadischer Physiker. Er erhielt 1994 den Nobelpreis für Physik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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