Poundbury is an experimental
new town— or more correctly a new village— on the outskirts of Dorchester in the countyof Dorset, England.
The village is built on land owned by the
Duchy of Cornwall, and is an experiment in the ideas of Charles, Prince of Wales, who has challenged the post-wartrends in town planning. The Prince is known for holding strong views on recent urban planning and architecture.
The village is built to a traditional high-density urban pattern, rather than a
suburbanone, focused on creating an integrated community of shops, businesses, and private and social housing; there is no zoning. The planners say they are designing the village around people rather than the car and claim to be providing a high-quality environment from the architecture through to the selection of materials, to the signposts, and the landscaping. To avoid constant construction, utilities are buried in common utility ducts under the town. Common areas are maintained by a management company to which all residents belong.
To some degree, the project shows similarities with the contemporary
New Urbanismmovement, primarily found in the United States, except that the design influences are, of course, European. The design of the houses tends to be traditional, with period features such as bricked-up windows, a feature found on many old British buildings, due to the window tax.
The overall plan was developed in the late 1980s by the European architect
Leon Krier, and construction started in October 1993. Krier's plans have been criticised for mixing too many different continental styles and the use of non-local building materials, which are not consistent with the traditions of Dorchester. It is expected that the four plan phases will be developed over 25 years with a total of 2,500 dwellings and a population of about 6,000. Greetings card entrepreneur Andrew Brownswordsponsored the £1 million development of the market hall at Poundbury, designed by John Simpson and based on early designs, particularly the one in Tetbury. [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2001/01/30/bagiles.xml&page=3 A model village grows up gracefully - Telegraph ] ]
Following New Urbanist principles, Poundbury was intended to reduce
car dependencyand encourage walking, cycling and public transport. However, a survey conducted at the end of the first phase, showed that car use was higher in Poundbury than in the surrounding (rural) district of West Dorset. [WATSON, G., BENTLEY, I., ROAF, S. and SMITH, P., 2004. Learning from Poundbury, Research for the West Dorset District Council and the Duchy of Cornwall. Oxford Brookes University]
Welwyn Garden City
Woodlands, South Yorkshire
*HRH Charles, Prince of Wales: "A Vision of Britain : A Personal View of Architecture" (Doubleday, 1989) ISBN 0-385-26903-X
*Leon Krier: "Architecture: Choice or Fate" (Andreas Papadakis Publishers, 1998) ISBN 1-901092-03-8
*Sandy Mitchell. "Prince Charles is not your typical radical." "National Geographic". May 2006. [http://www7.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0605/feature3/index.html] Accessed online 9/14/06
* [http://www.poundbury.info/ Poundbury community website]
* [http://www.poundbury.tv/ Poundbury.TV] Poundbury video tours
* [http://www.poundburyfc.co.uk/ PoundburyFC.co.uk] Poundbury Football Club
* [http://www.weymouth-pictures.co.uk/dor/dor/pou/pic_poundbury.htm Pictures of Poundbury]
* [http://www.wirednewyork.com/forum/showthread.php?t=3799 2003 images including sketches by Leon Krier]
* [http://www.paulrussell.info/gallerypound/gallerypound.html Photographs, including "work in progress"]
* [http://www.city-journal.org/2008/18_2_urb-leon_krier.html Article 'Cities for Living'] by Roger Scruton at city-journal.org
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Poundbury — Traduction à relire Poundbury → Poundbury … Wikipédia en Français
Poundbury — 50.713333333333 2.4652777777778 Koordinaten: 50° 43′ N, 2° 28′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Poundbury Hill — hill fort (gbmapping|SY682911) is the site of a Middle Bronze Age enclosure. It is roughly rectangular and it is likely that it was designed to command views over the River Frome and the Frome valley to the north. The main entrance to the fort is … Wikipedia
New Urbanism — Poundbury in Großbritannien Jakribo … Deutsch Wikipedia
Паундбери — Населённый пункт Паундбери англ. Poundbury … Википедия
Dorchester, Dorset — Coordinates: 50°42′00″N 2°26′00″W / 50.7°N 2.433333°W / 50.7; 2.433333 … Wikipedia
Leon Krier — in Frankfurt am Main Léon Krier (* 1946 in Luxemburg) ist ein Architekt, Architekturtheoretiker und Stadtplaner aus Luxemburg. Er ist einer der bedeutendsten Vertreter der neorationalistischen und neoklassizistischen Architektur des späten 20.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dorset — For other uses, see Dorset (disambiguation). Dorset … Wikipedia
New Urbanism — Neotraditionalism redirects here. For other uses, see Neotraditional. New Urbanism is an urban design movement, which promotes walkable neighborhoods that contain a range of housing and job types. It arose in the United States in the early 1980s … Wikipedia
Dorchester (Dorset) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda … Wikipedia Español