Villard de Honnecourt

Villard de Honnecourt lived in 13th century France and may have been an itinerant master-builder of Picardy in northern France. His fame rests entirely on his surviving portfolio of 33 sheets of parchment (animal skin) containing about 250 drawings from about the 1230s, which is in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (MS Fr 19093). It appears to be a model-book, with a wide range of religious and secular figures suitable for sculpture, and architectural plans, elevations and details, ecclesiastical objects and mechanical devices, with copious annotations. Other subjects such as animals and human figures also appear.

Among the devices Villard sketched is a perpetual-motion machine, a mill-driven saw, a number of automata, one of which depicts a simple escapement mechanism, the first known in the west, lifting devices, war engines as well as a number of anatomical, architectural and geometric sketches for portraiture and architecture.

Villard apparently traveled through many of the cathedral building-sites in 13th century France and recorded in his sketchbook in great detail work in construction. Of particular interest are drawings of the Laon cathedral bell towers and the Reims cathedral nave being built, which provide a valuable clue for building techniques of High Gothic architecture.

See also

* Medieval technology
* Guido da Vigevano
* Taccola
* Francesco di Giorgio Martini
* Leonardo da Vinci

External links

* [http://www.villardman.net/ Dr. Carl F. Barnes Jr website: "The Portfolio of Villard de Honnecourt"]
* [http://www.avista.org/ AVISTA] is a scholarly Villard de Honnecourt society for interdisciplinary study of medieval technology, science and art.
* [http://www.cgagne.org/villarcg.pdf "L'album de Villard de Honnecourt"] , by Claude Gagne, including reproductions of Villard's drawings.
* [http://classes.bnf.fr/villard/ "La Cathedrale et Villard de Honnecourt" at the French National Library] has a sizeable number of sheets from Villard's portfolio.
* [http://villarddehonnecourt.free.fr "Association Villard de Honnecourt à Honnecourt"] mail: villarddehonnecourt@free.fr


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Villard de honnecourt — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Villard. Autoportrait Villard de Honnecourt est un maître d œuvre du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • VILLARD DE HONNECOURT — (1225? ? 1250) Personnalité de la première moitié du XIIIe siècle sur laquelle la lumière n’a pas été entièrement faite, Villard de Honnecourt est célèbre auprès des historiens de l’art par le recueil de croquis, appelé à tort Album , qu’il a… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Villard de Honnecourt —   [vi laːrdəɔn kuːr], Wilạrs de Honecọrt, Ulạrdus de Hunecọrt, französischer Baumeister des 13. Jahrhunderts aus Honnecourt sur Escaut (bei Cambrai). Von ihm stammt das einzige aus dem Mittelalter erhalten gebliebene Bauhüttenbuch (um 1235;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Villard de Honnecourt — fue un arquitecto que vivió en la primera mitad del siglo XIII, un maestro itinerante, que ha pasado a la fama por que se ha conservado un cuaderno de viajes que le perteneció, en el que se encuentran gran cantidad de dibujos que fue realizando… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Villard de Honnecourt — (izg. vilȃr donkȗr) (13. st.) DEFINICIJA francuski gotički graditelj; njegovi zapisi o gotičkoj umjetnosti (1230 1240) na 33 pergamenska lista s 325 crteža najvažniji su izvor za proučavanje francuske gotike (arhitektura, kiparstvo, slikarstvo) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Villard de Honnecourt — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Villard. Autoportrait Villard de Honnecourt est un maître d œuvre du XIIIe siècle, célèbre pour son …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Villard de Honnecourt — Selbstbildnis (?) des Villard de Honnecourt (um 1230) Villard de Honnecourt (auch Wilars dehonecort oder Vilars dehoncort; * vor 1230 in Honnecourt sur Escaut, Picardie; † nach 1235) war ein Baumeister aus Honnecourt sur Escaut in der Picardie,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Villard de Honnecourt — Uno de los dibujos del Livre de portraiture …   Wikipedia Español

  • Villard de Honnecourt — SUBJECT AREA: Architecture and building, Civil engineering [br] b. c. 1200 Honnecourt sur Escaut, near Cambrai, France d. mid 13th century (?) France [br] French architect engineer. [br] Villard was one of the thirteenth century architect… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Villard de Honnecourt — born с 1225, Picardy, France died с 1250 French architect. He is remembered mainly for the sketchbook he compiled while traveling in search of work as a master mason. The book contains sketches and writings concerning architectural practices of… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.