Haplogroup T (mtDNA)

Haplogroup T is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. Haplogroup T derives from the haplogroup JT, which also gave rise to Haplogroup J. Haplogroup T is believed to have originated in Mesopotamia approximately 10,000 years before present, and to have moved northwards. It is found with particularly high concentrations around the eastern Baltic Sea.

In his popular book "The Seven Daughters of Eve", Bryan Sykes (who is himself in haplogroup T) named the originator of this mtDNA haplogroup "Tara".

Studies, which have since been proven wrong, had shown mitochondrial haplogroup T to be associated with reduced sperm motility in males. [ [http://www.familytreedna.com/pdf/Mishmar2003.pdf Family Tree DNA web site] ] Such studies were not studies on fertility, and reduced fertility needn't be inferred from such results.

Notable people of haplogroup T

The last Russian tsar, Nicholas II, has been shown to be of haplogroup T3. This was established when genetic testing was done on his remains to authenticate his identity. As a consequence, all his matrilineal relatives have haplotype T. Assuming all relevant pedigrees are correct, this includes all female-line descendants of his female line ancestor Barbara of Celje (1390-1451), wife of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor. This includes a great number of European nobles, including George I of Great Britain and Frederick William I of Prussia (through the Electress Sophia of Hanover), Charles I of England, George III of the United Kingdom, George V of the United Kingdom, Charles X Gustav of Sweden, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, Olav V of Norway, and George I of Greece.

The American outlaw Jesse James has been shown to be of the subgroup T2.

See also

*Human mitochondrial genetics

Further reading

* [http://www.jogg.info/21/Pike.pdf Phylogenetic Networks for the Human mtDNA Haplogroup T]
* [https://www3.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/pdf/PLOS_paper.pdf The Genographic Project Public Participation Mitochondrial DNA Database]
* [http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v13/n8/full/5201439a.html The population history of the Croatian linguistic minority of Molise (southern Italy): a maternal view]
* [http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/8/45 Mitochondrial DNA structure in the Arabian Peninsula]
* [http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v16/n1/full/5201906a.html New genetic evidence supports isolation and drift in the Ladin communities of the South Tyrolean Alps but not an ancient origin in the Middle East]

External links

* [https://www3.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/atlas.html?card=mm019 Spread of Haplogroup T] , from "National Geographic"
* [http://www.jengod.com/genealogy/family/genetic.html Genetic Genealogy: A Personal Perspective on Tara, Karelians and Kent, England]
* [http://dgmweb.net/genealogy/DNA/DK/DanishDemes-mtDNA-results-HgT.shtml Danish Demes Regional DNA Project: mtDNA Haplogroup T]
* [http://www.u.arizona.edu/~bedford/mitochondrialdna%20for%20posting.htm Analysis of a Haplogroup T sequence (T5/T2)]
* [http://www.jogg.info/21/Pike.html Phylogenetic Networks for the Human mtDNA Haplogroup T]

References


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