British Arctic Territories

British Arctic Territories was a territory in North America, consisting of the islands of what is now Canada's high arctic.

The British claim to the area was based on the discoveries of Martin Frobisher (1535–1594) in the 16th century. Britain passed control of the islands to Canada in 1880.

* North - West Territory
* Rupert's Land

These territories later became British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, northern Ontario, Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, Nunavut, northern Quebec (or Ungava Peninsula) and Labrador.

Islands

*Admiralty Island (Nunavut) - named for the British Admiralty
*Air Force Island
*Algak Island
*Amund Ringnes Island - named for Norwegian brewer Amund Ringnes
*Angijak Island
*Aulitiving Island
*Axel Heiberg Island - named for manager of Norwegian brewery Ringnes
*Baffin Island - named for British explorer William Baffin
*Baillie-Hamilton Island
*Baker Island
*Banks Island
*Bath Island
*Bathurst Island - named for British Secretary of War Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst
*Bear Island
*Beloeil Island
*Berens Island
*Bernard Island
*Beverly Island
*Big Island
*Booth Island
*Borden Island
*Bray Island
*Brevoort Island
*Brock Island
*Broughton Island
*Brownie Island
*Bryde Island
*Byam Martin Island
*Bylot Island
*Cameron Island
*Cape Hope Islands
*Carey Island
*Chantry Island
*Chapman Island
*Charles Island
*Charlton Island
*Christopher Hall Island
*Clarence Islands
*Cornwall Island
*Cornwallis Island
*Couper Island
*Crescent Island (Nunavut)
*Crozier Island
*Danby Island
*Davies Island
*De La Roquette Islands
*Depot Island
*Des Voeux Island
*Devon Island - named for former Governor General Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire
*Dexterity Island
*Digges Island
*Dixon Island
*Doctor Island
*Douglas Island - likely for Chief Factor of the Hudson's Bay Company Sir James Douglas (governor)
*Duke of York Archipelago - named for either Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, brother of George III of the United Kingdom or Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, son of George III of the United Kingdom
**Akvitlak
**Anchor
**Bate Isles
**Hatoayok
**Hokagon
**Kabviukvik
**Kingak
**Mangak
**Nanukton
**Outpost Isles
**Takhoalok
*Dundas Island (Nunavut)
*Easter Island
*Edgell Island
*Edmund Walker Island - likely named for former Governor General of the Province of Canada Edmund Walker Head
*Eglinton Island
*Eight Bears Island
*Ellef Ringnes Island - named for Norwegian brewer Ellefs Ringnes
*Ellesmere Island
*Elvira Island
*Emmerson Island
*Falsen Island
*Finlayson Islands
*Fishers Island
*Fitzwilliam Owen Island - British surveyor of the Great Lakes Vice Admiral William Fitzwilliam Owen
*Garrett Island
*Garry Island
*George Island
*Glencoe Island
*Gore Island
*Grey Goose Island
*Griffith Island
*Gross Island
*Grosvenor Island - named for Duke of Westminster and English MP Sir Richard Grosvenor, 1st Baronet
*Gull Island
*Haig-Thomas Island
*Halford Island
*Hall Island
*Hamilton Island
*Harper Island
*Hat Island
*Helena Island
*Hendrickson Island
*Hepburn Island - named for either Canadian MP Bernard Rickart Hepburn or Premier of Ontario Mitchell Hepburn
*Herschel Island - named for John Herschel, scientist and friend of explorer John Franklin
*High Bluff Island
*Hoizer Island
*Holman Island
*Hooper Island
*Hooper Island
*Hosken Islands
*Houston Stewart Island
*Hovgaard Islands
*Hudson Island
*Hyde Parker Island
*Irving Islands
*Ivanhoe Island
*Jameson Island
*Jenness Island
*Jenny Lind Island - named for Swedish born opera singer Jenny Lind
*John Barrow Island
*John Halkett Island
*Kanuyak Island
*Keith Island
*Kekertaluk Island
*Kekertaluk Island
*Kekertuk Island
*Kendall Island
*King Christian Island
*King William Island - named for either William III of England or William IV of the United Kingdom
*Lady Franklin Island - named for wife of explorer John Franklin, Jane Griffin (Lady Franklin)
*Lambert Island
*Lawford Island
*Lebourne Island
*Leo Islands
*Lewes Island
*Linalik Island
*Little Cornwallis Island
*Lock Island
*Lougheed Island - named for Canadian Senator and businessman Sir James Alexander Lougheed
*Lower Savage Island
*Mackenzie King Island - named for former PM William Lyon Mackenzie King
*Maiden Island
*Manitung Island
*Melville Island - named for Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, Viscount Melville and British Secretary of State for the Home Department
*Miliakdjuin Island
*Milne Island
*Montreal Island - named for Montreal, Quebec
*Monumental Island
*Muingmak Island
*Murray Island - likely named for colonial administrator and Governor General of Quebec James Murray (British army officer)
*Neal Island
*Norman Lockyer Island - named for English scientist and astronomer Joseph Norman Lockyer
*Norway Island
*Nottingham Island
*Nova Zembla Island - Dutch for "New Land"; shares the same name with Russian Arctic Island Novaya Zemlya
*Nuvuktik Island
*Olivier Island
*O'Reilly Island
*Outer Island
*Padloping Island
*Pandora Island
*Parry Islands
*Pelly Island
*Peter Richards Island - named for Peter Richards, Third Naval Lord of the Royal Navy (1854)
*Phillips Island
*Philpots Island
*Pileltuak Island
*Pim Island
*Polynia Island
*Porden Island
*Prince Leopold Island - named for Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert
*Potter Island
*Prescott Island
*Prince Charles Island - named for Charles II of England
*Prince of Wales Island - named for Prince of Wales, Charles II of England
*Prince Patrick Island - named for former Governor General Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Arthur William Patrick Albert)
*Pullen Island
*Queen Elizabeth Islands
*Ragged Island
*Ramsay Island
*Resolution Island
*Richards Island
*Robillard Island
*Rogers Island
*Round Island
*Russell Island
*Saddleback Island
*Salisbury Island
*Sea Otter Island
*Seymour Island
*Somerset Island
*Sommerville Island
*Stanley Island
*Stefansson Island
*Stephens Island
*Stockport Island
*Strathcona Island - named for Donald Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, Scottish-born Canadian fur trader, financier, railroad baron and politician
*Strutton Island
*Sutton Island
*Tasmania Islands
*Tennent Islands
*Thor Island
*Truro Island
*Vanier Island - named for former Governeor General Georges Vanier
*Vessey Hamilton Island
*Victoria Island - named for Queen Victoria
*Vivian Island
*Wales Island
*Wareham Island
*Washington Irving Island - named for American author Washington Irving
*Wegges Island
*Wilmot Island
*Young Island

Islands within Hudson Bay

Islands in Hudson Bay were not part of the British claim, but part of Rupert's Land. After 1880, both the islands in the bay and the British claim became the Northwest Territories.

*Akpatok Island
*Bakers Dozen Island
*Belcher Island - named for British explorer Edward Belcher, searcher for lost explorer John Franklin
** Kugong Island
** Flaherty Island
** Wiegand Island
** Tukarak Island
** Johnson Island
*Coats Island
*King George Island - likely named for King George III of the United Kingdom
*Mansel Island
*Ottawa Islands - named by explorer Luke Fox
*Sleeper Island - named by explorer Luke Fox
*Southampton Island
*Trodely Island
*Charlton Island
*Danby Island
*Weston Island
*Carey Island
*Strutton Island
*Gull Island
*Cape Hope Islands
*Solomons Temple Islands - named linked to Solomon's Temple
*North and South Twin Islands
*Walter Islands
*Spencer Island
*Grey Goouse Island
*Sunday Island
*South Bear Island
*North Bear Island
*Long Island
* Innetalling Island
** Split Island
** Laddie Island
** Radar Island
*Marcopeet Islands
*Merry Island
*Castle Island
*Duck Island
*Flint Island
*Belanger Island
*Ross Island - likely for British Arctic explorer James Clark Ross
*Anderson Island
*Clarke Island
*Gillies Island
*Taylor Island
*Nastapoka Island
*Gordon Island
*Mowat Island - named for Father of Confederation Sir Oliver Mowat
*Christie Island
*Davieau Island
*Nicholson Island
*Broughton Island
*McTavish Island
*Cotter Island
*Bartlett Island
*Drayton Island
*Fraley Island
*Harrison Island
*Frazier Island
*Leonard Island
*Patterson Island
*McCormack Island
*Cox Island
*Commodore Island
*Elsie Island
*Smith Island
*Eider Island
*Hearn Island
*Button Island
*Lawson Island
*Knight Island
*Cape Chidley Island

Waterways

* Amundsen Gulf
* Arctic Ocean
* Baffin Bay
* Beaufort Sea
* Belcher Channel
* Davis Strait
* Dolphin and Union Strait
* Foxe Basin
* Franklin Strait
* Gulf of Boothia
* Hassel Sound
* Hudson Strait
* Kans Basin
* Lancaster Sound
* Larsen Sound
* Maclean Strait
* McCintock Channel
* McClure Strait
* Parry Channel
* Peary Channel
* Penny Strait
* Prince Albert Sound
* Prince Regent Inlet
* Queen Maud Gulf
* Sverdup Channel
* Ungava Bay
* Viscount Melville Sound
* Victoria Strait
* Wellington Channel

ee also

* Northern Canada
* Nunavut
* Yukon Territories
* Northwest Territories
* Rupert's Land
* Hudson Bay
* Canadian Arctic Archipelago

References

* [http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Rotunda/2209/Northwest_Territories.html#Arc Arctic Islands]


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