Héctor José Cámpora


Héctor José Cámpora

Infobox_President | name=Héctor Cámpora
small

caption=Hector Campora ("left") upon being sworn in.
nationality=Argentine
order=39th President of Argentina
term_start=May 25, 1973
term_end=July 12, 1973
predecessor=Alejandro Lanusse
successor=Raúl Lastiri
birth_date=March 26, 1909
birth_place= Mercedes, Buenos Aires
death_date=December 18, 1980
death_place= Mexico City
spouse=
party=Justicialist
vicepresident=Vicente Solano Lima
profession=Dentist

Héctor José Cámpora Demaestre (1909-1980) was president of Argentina from May 25 until July 13 1973.

Cámpora, affectionately known as "el Tío" (the Uncle), was born in the city of Mercedes, in the Province of Buenos Aires. He earned a degree in dentistry in Córdoba and practiced his profession in his hometown before moving to nearby San Andrés de Giles.

As Juan Perón's "personal delegate," he ran for president in 1973 to circumvent the veto on Perón's participation in the election which had been issued by Argentine dictator Gen. Alejandro Lanusse. The presidential ticket also carried Vicente Solano Lima as candidate for vice president. Despite Cámpora's own left-leaning tendencies, Solano Lima belonged to the Popular Conservative Party.

Cámpora won the election with 49.5% of the votes. The Radical leader, Ricardo Balbín, had arrived second with 25%, but it was enough to include Cámpora in the runoff, as absolute majority was necessary to avoid a second ballot. However, he resigned his right in order to avoid a political crisis, and recognized his defeat. Cámpora assumed his functions on May 25, 1973, in the presence of Chilean President Salvador Allende and Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticós. A million persons gathered on the "Plaza de Mayo" to acclaim the new President.

One of Cámpora's first presidential actions was a granting of amnesty to political prisoners who where jailed during the dictatorship prior to his assumption.

On May 28 Argentina restored diplomatic relations with Cuba, which then received Argentine aid - such as food and industrial products - to break the United States embargo against Cuba.

During Cámpora's first months of government, approximatively 600 social conflicts, strikes and factory occupations had taken place. [ Hugo Moreno, "Le désastre argentin. Péronisme, politique et violence sociale (1930-2001)", Editions Syllepses, Paris, 2005, p.109 fr icon ] Cámpora's ideology set him against the right-wing tendencies of Peronism. When Perón returned to Argentina (June 20, 1973), his plane had to be redirected to a military airport because of fighting between armed Peronist factions that had massed to greet his arrival at Buenos Aires's main airport. This event, known as the Ezeiza Massacre, left 13 dead.

José Ber Gelbard, president of a small and medium-sized enterprise association, was designated as minister of economics. Gelbard tried to establish a "social pact" among the CGT workers and the "National Bourgeoisie", including a price freeze and widespread salary hikes.

Finally, on July 13, 1973 Cámpora resigned to allow Juan Perón to return to power. He was later designated as Argentine ambassador to México.

After the coup d'etat that displaced Perón's successor, wife Isabel Perón, in 1976, Cámpora sought refugee at the Mexican embassy in Buenos Aires. Three years later, he was allowed to fly to México. Cámpora died in Cuernavaca shortly after his arrival.

References

ee also

*Peronism
*Montoneros (left-wing Peronists)
*Movimiento Nacionalista Tacuara (neofascists who supported Perón's return)
*June 1973 Ezeiza massacre
*History of Argentina

External links

* [http://enciclopedia.us.es/index.php/Héctor_José_Cámpora Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español - Héctor José Cámpora] . Original version in Spanish, released under GNU FDL.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Héctor José Cámpora — Presidente de la Nación Argentina …   Wikipedia Español

  • Héctor José Cámpora — (né le 26 mars 1909, mort le 18 décembre 1980), surnommé affectueusement El Tío (« l oncle »), est un homme politique argentin, péroniste de gauche, originaire de Mercedes (Buenos Aires). Elu président de la République aux élections de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hector Jose Campora — Héctor José Cámpora Héctor José Cámpora (né le 26 mars 1909 mort le 18 décembre 1980), surnommé affectueusement El Tío ( l oncle), est un homme politique argentin originaire de la ville de Mercedes, en province de Buenos Aires, et qui fut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hector José Campora — Héctor José Cámpora Héctor José Cámpora (né le 26 mars 1909 mort le 18 décembre 1980), surnommé affectueusement El Tío ( l oncle), est un homme politique argentin originaire de la ville de Mercedes, en province de Buenos Aires, et qui fut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Héctor José Cámpora — (* 26. März 1909 in Mercedes; † 19. Dezember 1980 in Mexiko Stadt) war ein argentinischer Politiker und der 39. Präsident von Argentinien. Seine Amtszeit dauerte nur 49 Tage, vom 25. Mai 1973 bis zum 12. Juli 1973. Cámpora, der liebevoll el Tío… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Héctor José Cámpora — (26 de marzo de 1909 18 de diciembre de 1980), llamado afectuosamente El Tío, fue un dentista y político argentino oriundo de la ciudad bonaerense de Mercedes, que llegó a ser Presidente de la Nación. Siendo delegado personal de Juan Domingo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cámpora, Héctor José — (1909–1980)    Peronist politician and president of Argentina from May to July 1973, when he was forced out of office by a right wing Peronist faction to make room for Juan Perón himself, who had recently returned from exile. As Perón’s… …   Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars”

  • Hector Campora — Héctor José Cámpora Héctor José Cámpora (né le 26 mars 1909 mort le 18 décembre 1980), surnommé affectueusement El Tío ( l oncle), est un homme politique argentin originaire de la ville de Mercedes, en province de Buenos Aires, et qui fut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Héctor Cámpora — Héctor José Cámpora Héctor José Cámpora (né le 26 mars 1909 mort le 18 décembre 1980), surnommé affectueusement El Tío ( l oncle), est un homme politique argentin originaire de la ville de Mercedes, en province de Buenos Aires, et qui fut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José López Rega — Ministro de Bienestar Social de Argentina 25 de mayo de 1973 – 11 de julio de 1975 …   Wikipedia Español


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