- Circus (building)
The Roman circus (from Latin, "circle") was a large open-air venue used for public events in the ancient Roman Empire. The circuses were similar to the ancient Greek hippodromes, although serving varying purposes. Along with theatres and amphitheatres, Circuses were one of the main entertainment sites of the time. Circuses were venues for chariot races, horse races, and performances that commemorated important events of the empire were performed there. For events that involved re-enactments of naval battles, the circus was flooded with water.
The performance space of the Roman circus was, despite its name, an oblong rectangle of two linear sections of a race track separated by a median strip running along the length in the middle of the space, and capped at both ends with two semicircular sections connecting the linear sections, creating a circuit for the races. The strip was called the spina and usually featured ornate columns, statues and commemorative obelisks. Much like the amphitheatre, the performance surface of the circus was mostly surrounded by ascending seating, though there were sometimes interruptions in the seating at one or both ends of the circus.
There are similar buildings, called stadia, which were used for Greek style athletics. These buildings were similar in design but typically smaller than circuses; however, the distinction is not always clear. An example of this type is the Stadium of Domitian.
List of Roman circuses
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar John H. Humphrey: Roman Circuses: Arenas for Chariot Racing. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles 1986, ISBN 0-520-04921-7
- ^ a b c d e Raymond G. Chase: Ancient Hellenistic and Roman amphitheatres, stadiums, and theatres: the way they look now. P. E. Randall, Portsmouth 2002, ISBN 1-931807-08-6
Roman architecture lists Roman Empire City of RomeArchitectural records of the Greco-Roman World
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Circus Building — Coordinates: 44°22′23.78″N 73°13′56.08″W / 44.3732722°N 73.2322444°W / 44.3732722; 73.2322444 The Circus Building is an exhib … Wikipedia
Circus Building, Copenhagen — The Circus Building The Circus Building General information Architectural style Historicism Town or city … Wikipedia
Circus — This article is about the event. For other uses, see Circus (disambiguation). 3 ring circus redirects here. For the Martin and Lewis film, see 3 Ring Circus. Circus Advertisement for the Barnum Bailey Circus, 1900 … Wikipedia
circus — circusy, adj. /serr keuhs/, n., pl. circuses. 1. a large public entertainment, typically presented in one or more very large tents or in an outdoor or indoor arena, featuring exhibitions of pageantry, feats of skill and daring, performing animals … Universalium
Circus Krone Building — The Circus Krone Building is the headquarters and main winter venue for Circus Krone in Munich, Germany. It also serves as a major venue for other forms of live entertainment, such as rock concerts. It was originally constructed in 1919 and was… … Wikipedia
Circus Krone — Entrance to Circus Krone Circus Krone, based in Munich, is the largest circus in Europe and the only one in Western Europe to also occupy a building. Contents … Wikipedia
Circus Renz — This article is about the German circus company. For the Dutch circus company, see Circus Herman Renz. Former Circus Renz building, Berlin, 1898 Circus Renz was a German circus company. It was established in 1842 in Berlin by Ernst Jakob Renz… … Wikipedia
Circus Juventas — Coordinates: 44°54′40″N 93°9′14″W / 44.91111°N 93.15389°W / 44.91111; 93.15389 … Wikipedia
Circus of Nero — Coordinates: 41°54′5.82″N 12°27′14.94″E / 41.9016167°N 12.45415°E / 41.9016167; 12.45415 Not to be confus … Wikipedia
Circus clown — A whiteface circus clown (1907) Clowns have always been an integral part of the circus, offering a source of amusement for patrons and providing relief from the array of animal acts and performances by acrobats and novelty artistes. Clowns have… … Wikipedia