Alexander Siloti


Alexander Siloti

Alexander Ilyich Siloti (also Ziloti, _ru. Алекса́ндр Ильи́ч Зило́ти, "Aleksandr Iljič Ziloti") (9 October 1863 near Kharkov - 8 December 1945, New York) was a Russian pianist, conductor and composer. ("Spelling note": A truer transliteration of his surname into English would be Ziloti, however, it is usually seen in its German transliteration Siloti. Initial s in German is pronounced z.)

Siloti was born on his father's estate near Kharkov, Ukraine (then part of Imperial Russia). He studied piano at the Moscow Conservatory with Nikolai Zverev from 1871, and under Nikolai Rubinstein, Sergei Taneyev, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, and Hubert from 1875. He graduated with the Gold Medal in Piano in 1881. He worked with Franz Liszt in Weimar (1883-1886), co-founded the Liszt-Verein in Leipzig, and there made his professional debut on 19 November 1883. Returning in 1887, Siloti taught at the Moscow Conservatory, where his students included Alexander Goldenweiser, Leonid Maximov, and his first cousin Sergei Rachmaninoff. In this period he began work as editor for Tchaikovsky, particularly on the First and Second piano concertos.

He quit the Conservatory in May 1891, and from 1892-1900 lived and toured in Europe. He also toured New York, Boston, Cincinnati and Chicago in 1898. It was on these tours that he first introduced to the West Rachmaninoff's famous C-sharp Minor Prelude. He was the conductor for the world premiere of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 2 in 1901. From 1901-1903, Siloti led the Moscow Philharmonic; from 1903-1917, he organized, financed, and conducted the influential Siloti Concerts in St Petersburg, in which much of work had been done by famous critic and musicologist Alexander Ossovsky. He presented Leopold Auer, Pablo Casals, Fyodor Chaliapin, George Enescu, Josef Hofmann, Wanda Landowska, Willem Mengelberg, Felix Mottl, Arthur Nikisch, Arnold Schoenberg and Felix Weingartner, and local and world premieres by Debussy, Elgar, Glazunov, Prokofiev, Rachmaninoff, Rimsky-Korsakov, Scriabin, Sibelius, Stravinsky and others. Diaghilev first heard Stravinsky at a Siloti Concert.

In the generation prior to 1917, Siloti was one of Russia's most important artists, with music by Arensky, Liszt, Rachmaninoff, Stravinsky and Tchaikovsky dedicated to him. In 1918, Siloti was appointed Intendant of the Mariinsky Theatre, but late the following year fled Soviet Russia for England, finally settling in New York in December 1921. From 1925-1942 he taught at the Juilliard Graduate School, performing occasionally in recital, and in November 1930 gave a legendary all-Liszt concert with Arturo Toscanini. Siloti's private students included Marc Blitzstein and Eugene Istomin.

He wrote over 200 piano arrangements and transcriptions, and orchestral editions of Bach, Beethoven, Liszt, Tchaikovsky and Vivaldi. Possibly his most famous transcription is his Prelude in B minor, based on a Prelude in E minor by J.S. Bach. Siloti also made 8 piano rolls and 26 minutes of home-cut discs. In the 21st century, the art of transcription has made a significant return. Such music from great artists of the past, including Bach, Mozart, Chopin, Tchaikovsky and Liszt, has now resumed its formidable importance. Alexander Siloti, one of the great exponents of that art, is also seeing his name rapidly restored to the pantheon. Carl Fischer has published a large anthology of Siloti piano transcriptions, and Rowman and Littlefield has published the first full-scale biography.

ources

*C. Barber. "Lost in the Stars -- The Forgotten Musical Life of Alexander Siloti" (Rowman and Littlefield, New York, 2003).
*S. Bertensson. "Knight of Music." "Etude" 64:369, July 1946.
*B. Dexter. "Remembering Siloti, A Russian Star." "American Music Teacher", April/May 1989.
*J. Gottlieb. "Remembering Alexander Siloti." "Juilliard Journal," November 1990.
*L.M. Kutateladze and L.N. Raaben, eds., "Alexander Il'yich Ziloti, 1863-1945: vospominaniya i pis'ma" (Leningrad, 1963)
*A. Ziloti. "Moi vospominaniya o F. Liste" (St Petersburg, 1911; "My Memories of Liszt", Eng. trl. Edinburgh, 1913 and New York, 1986).

ee also

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External links

*IMSLP|id=Siloti, Alexander Ilyich|cname=Alexander Ilyich Siloti


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Alexander Siloti — Alexandre Ziloti Alexandre Ziloti Ziloti (à gauche) avec Tchaïkovski Nom de naissance Alexandre Ilitch Ziloti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siloti — Alexander Siloti (links) mit P. I. Tschaikowski Alexander Iljitsch Siloti (russisch Александр Ильич Зилоти, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Il ič Ziloti; * 26. Septemberjul./ 8. Oktober 1863 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Iljitsch Siloti — Alexander Siloti (links) mit P. I. Tschaikowski Alexander Iljitsch Siloti (russisch Александр Ильич Зилоти, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Il ič Ziloti; * 27. Septemberjul./ 9. Okt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Borissowitsch Goldenweiser — (russisch Александр Борисович Гольденвейзер, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Borisovič Gol denvejzer; * 26. Februar 1875 in Chișinău; † 26. November 1961 in Moskau) war ein russischer Komponist und Pianist. Goldenweiser studierte am Moskauer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Siloti — Alexandre Ziloti Alexandre Ziloti Ziloti (à gauche) avec Tchaïkovski Nom de naissance Alexandre Ilitch Ziloti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexander Ziloti — Alexandre Ziloti Alexandre Ziloti Ziloti (à gauche) avec Tchaïkovski Nom de naissance Alexandre Ilitch Ziloti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siloti — may refer to:* Sylheti language (সিলটী Silôţi ), an Indo European language spoken in Bangladesh and India * Alexander Ilyich Siloti, a Russian pianist, conductor and composer …   Wikipedia

  • Siloti — Siloti, Alexander, Klavierspieler, geb. 10. Okt. 1863 auf dem Landgute seines Vaters in der Nähe von Charkow in Südrußland, bildete sich unter Nikolaus Rubinstein (am Moskauer Konservatorium), Tschaikoffski und Liszt (1883–86) und machte sich… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Siloti — Siloti, Alexander, Pianist, geb. 10. Okt. 1863 bei Charkow (Südrußland), seit 1890 in Paris, seit 1900 in Moskau; bedeutender Lisztspieler …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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