Herne Bay, Kent
infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Herne Bay
population = 35,204 (2001 Census)
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= North Thanet
post_town= HERNE BAY
postcode_district = CT6
static_image_caption= A view across Herne Bay
Herne Bay is a seaside town in
Kent, South East England, with a population of 35,000. On the south coast of the Thames Estuary, it is convert|7|mi|km|0 north of Canterburyand convert|1|mi|km|0 east of Whitstable. It neighbours the ancient villages of Herne and Reculverand is part of the City of Canterbury local governmentdistrict. Herne Bay's seafront is home to the world's first freestanding purpose-built clock tower, built in 1837; until 1978, the town had the second-longest pier in the United Kingdom. [http://www.theheritagetrail.co.uk/piers/herne%20bay%20pier.htm Herne Bay Pier] at www.theheritagetrail.co.uk (accessed 7 July 2008)]
The town began as a small shipping community, receiving goods and passengers from
Londonen route to Canterbury and Dover. The town rose to prominence as a seaside resortduring the early 19th century after the building of a pleasure pier and promenadeby a group of London investors, and reached its heyday in the late Victorian era. Its popularity as a holiday destination has declined over the past decades, due to the increase in foreign travel and regular flooding that has prevented the town's redevelopment. However, the recent renovation of the sea defencesand seafront is expected to re-establish the town as a popular seaside resort.
The town of Herne Bay derived its name from the neighbouring village of Herne, two kilometres inland from the bay. The word herne, meaning a place on a corner of land, evolved from the Old English "hyrne", meaning corner. The village was first recorded in around 1100 as Hyrnan. The "corner" may relate to the sharp turn in the
Roman Roadbetween Canterbury and Reculverat Herne.cite web | title = Kent place names | publisher = bbc.co.uk | url = http://www.bbc.co.uk/kent/places/names/names_h.shtml | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
One of the oldest buildings in Herne Bay is the late 18th-century inn, The Ship, which served as the focal point for the small shipping and farming community which first inhabited the town. During this time, passenger and cargo boats regularly ran between Herne Bay and London, and boats carrying coal ran from Newcastle. From Herne there was easy access by road to the city of Canterbury, or to Dover, where further passage by boat could then be obtained across the
English Channelto France.cite web | title = Herne Bay Conservation Area Appraisal | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/assets/conservation/HerneBayAppraisal2006.pdf |format = PDF | date= 2006-10-06| accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
The 1801 census recorded Herne Bay, including Herne, as having a population of 1,232.cite web | title = Population of Kent 1801 to 1921 | publisher = Kent Archaeological Society | url = http://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/Research/03/03/05/358.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] During the early 1800s, a smugglers' gang operated from the town. [cite web | title = Smuggler's Britain | publisher = Smuggling.com | url = http://www.smuggling.co.uk/gazetteer_se_12.html | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] The gang were regularly involved in a series of fights with the preventive services until finally being overpowered in the 1820s. In the 1830s, a group of London investors, who recognised Herne Bay's potential as a seaside resort, built a wooden pier and a promenade on the town's seafront. This and the subsequent building of a railway station led to the rapid expansion of the town; between 1831 and 1841 the town's population grew from 1,876 to 3,041. The London businessmen intended to rename the town St Augustine's, but the name was unpopular with residents and the "Herne Bay" remained.cite web | title = Herne Bay Mini History | publisher = Herne Bay Town Partners | url = http://www.hernebaytp.co.uk/local_attractions.php | accessdate = 2007-05-29 ] In 1833, an
Act of Parliamentestablished Herne Bay and Herne as separate towns.cite web | title = Connecting Herne Bay | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/assets/localplan/ConnectingHerneBayweb.pdf |format = PDF | month = January | year = 2006| accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Local landowner Sir Henry Oxenden donated a piece of ground for the site of the town's first church,cite web | title = Pigots 1840 -- Herne Bay and Herne Street | publisher = Pigots | url = http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~shebra/pigots_1840_-_herne_bay_&_herne_street.htm |year = 1840 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Christ Church, which was opened in 1834. In 1837, Mrs Ann Thwaytes, a wealthy lady from London, donated around £4,000 to build a convert|75|ft|m|0 clock tower on the town's seafront. It is believed to be the first freestanding purpose built clock tower in the world.
During the 1840s, steamboats began running between Herne Bay and London. There was a type of beach boat unique to Herne Bay and nearby
Thanet, known as the Thanet wherry, [cite web | title = The Chatham Directory of Inshore Craft | publisher = ThamesBarge.org.uk | url = http://www.thamesbarge.org.uk/barges/models/chathamplans.html | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] a narrow pulling boat about convert|18|ft|m|0 long. These boats were mainly used for fishing; however, with the advent of tourism and the decline of fishing, they became mainly used for pleasure trips. A document dated 1840 records the town as having the following schools, all of which are now defunct: Haddington boarding school, Oxenden House, British School, Prospect Place and Herne Street school. The village of Herne was often called Herne Street around this time. The same document also mentions the still-existing Rodney Head, The Ship and Upper Red Lion inns.
The original wooden pier had to be dismantled in 1871 after its owners went into liquidation and sea worms had damaged the wood.cite web | title = Herne Bay Pier | last=Gough|first=Harrold| publisher = Association Of Hotels, Business and Leisure | url = http://www.hernebaypier.co.uk/history.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] A shorter convert|100|m|ft|0 long iron pier with a theatre and shops at the entrance was built in 1873.cite web | title = Herne Bay Pier | publisher = The Heritage Trail | url = http://www.theheritagetrail.co.uk/piers/herne%20bay%20pier.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] However, it was too short for steamboats to land at. The pier proved to be unprofitable and a replacement longer iron pier with an electric tram began to be built in 1896. At convert|3600|ft|m|0, this pier was the second longest in the country, behind only the pier at
The town's heyday as a seaside resort was during the late Victorian era; the population nearly doubled from 4,410 to 8,442 between 1881 and 1901. Much of the resulting late Victorian seafront architecture is still in existence today. In 1910, a pavilion was added to the landward end of the pier. In 1912, the first "Brides in the Bath" murder by
George Joseph Smithwas committed in Herne Bay. [cite web | title = 'Brides in the Bath' murders | publisher = Metropolitan Police Service | url = http://www.met.police.uk/history/brides.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] By 1931, the town's population had grown to 14,533. At the beginning of World War II, the army cut two gaps between the landward end of the pier and the seaward terminal as a counter-invasion measure. The pier was restored however after the war. During World War II, a sea-fort was built off the coast of Herne Bay and Whitstable, which is still in existence. The coastal village of Reculver, to the east of Herne Bay, was the site of the testing of the bouncing bombused by the "Dam Busters" during the war.cite web | title = Herne Bay, a mini history | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.co.uk/cgi-bin/buildpage.pl?mysql=326 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
1963 marked the end of steamboat services from the pier. In 1970, a fire destroyed the pier's pavilion and plans began to replace it with a sports centre, which was opened in 1976 by former Prime Minister
Edward Heath. The centre section of the pier was torn down by a storm in 1978, leaving the end of the pier isolated out at sea. It has not been rebuilt due to the cost; however, residents and businesses in the town have campaigned for its restoration.
Since 1983, the
Member of Parliamentfor North Thanet, covering northern Thanetand Herne Bay, has been the Conservative Roger Gale. At the 2005 general election, the Conservatives won a majority of 7,634 and 49.6% of the vote in North Thanet. Labour won 32.2% of the vote, Liberal Democrats14.4% and United Kingdom Independence Party3.9%. [cite web | title = North Thanet | publisher = Guardian.co.uk | url = http://politics.guardian.co.uk/hoc/constituency/0,,-1183,00.html | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
Herne Bay, along with Whitstable and Canterbury, is in the
City of Canterburylocal government district. The town contains the five electoral wards of Heron, Herne and Broomfield, Greenhill and Eddington, West Bay and Reculver. These wards have thirteen of the fifty seats on the Canterbury City Council. As at the 2007 local elections, eight of those seats were held by the Conservatives and five by the Liberal Democrats. [cite web | title = Members of the Council | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/members.php?order=ward&sort=DESC | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
in the east.
The landscape of the town has been largely influenced by the Plenty Brook, which flows northward through the centre of the town and into the sea. It is thought to have been a much larger stream in ancient times. The coastline has two distinct
bays, separated by a jut of land created by silt from the outflow of the brook into the sea. The first buildings in the town were built along the east bay, a short distance from the brook outflow, where the road from Canterbury met the sea. The town has since spread across both bays, across the Plenty Brook valley and onto the relatively high land flanking both sides of the valley. The land to the east of the valley reaches a height of convert|25|m|ft|0 above sea level and to the west reaches convert|10|m|ft|0. Cliffs are formed where this high land meets the sea.
The rising land beside the coast, between the valley and the eastern cliffs, is known as 'The Downs' (no relation to the North or
South Downs). This area has been named a Site of Scientific Interest and a Special Protection Areafor Birds. The whole of the north east Kent coast has been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest. The geologyof the town consists mainly of London Clay, overlaid with brickearth in the west. The sand and clay of The Downs are subject to landslips. [cite web | title = Nature On The Map | publisher = Natural England | url = http://www.natureonthemap.org.uk/map.aspx?m=nreserves | accessdate = 2007-03-30 ]
The Plenty Brook now passes through the town's
drainage system, allowing buildings to be built over the top. The brook has been prone to flooding during heavy rain, especially in inland areas, which regularly causes problems for people living in the Eddington area in southern Herne Bay.cite web | title = Flooding from the Plenty Brook at Herne Bay. | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/cgi-bin/buildpage.pl?mysql=2285 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
Stormy weather can cause the
sea levelby the coast to rise by up to two metres. In the past, this has caused disastrous flooding in the town, the worst in the town's history being in 1953. Coastal defences were subsequently constructed including groynes, sea walls and shingle beach. In the 1990s, these defences were deemed to be inadequate and an offshore breakwater, now known as Neptune's Arm, was built to protect the most vulnerable areas of the town. [cite web | title = Coastal Management Herne Bay Sea Defences | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/cgi-bin/buildpage.pl?mysql=155 | accessdate = 2007-03-30 ]
east Kent, the warmest time of the year is July and August, when maximum temperatures average around 21 °C (70 °F); the coolest months are January and February, when minimum temperatures average around 1 °C (34 °F).cite web | title = Wye 1971–2000 averages | publisher = Met Office | url = http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/averages/19712000/sites/wye.html?s=043330&refer= | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] East Kent's average maximum and minimum temperatures are around 1/2 °C higher than the national average.cite web | title = England 1971–2000 averages | publisher = Met Office | url = http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/averages/19712000/areal/england.html | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Herne Bay is sometimes warmer than other parts of Kentas it is backed by the North Downsto the south. [cite web | title = Kent weather exposed | publisher = BBC Kent | url = http://www.bbc.co.uk/kent/weather/features/kent_weather2.shtml | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Between 1999 and 2005, Herne Bay recorded the highest daily temperature in the United Kingdom nine times. [cite web | title = Search -- Herne Bay | publisher = Met Office | url = http://search2.openobjects.com/kbroker/metoffice/metoffice/search/search.lsim?sr=0&qt=herne+bay&nh=10&cs=iso-8859-1&sc=metoffice&sm=0&sf=&ha=1030 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] East Kent's average annual rainfall is about 728 mm (29 inches), the wettest months being October to January. This was lower than the national average annual rainfall of 838 mm (33 inches), and recent droughts have led to hosepipe bans by Mid Kent Water. [cite web | title = Mid Kent Water Impose Further Water Restrictions| publisher = Mid Kent Water | url = http://www.midkentwater.co.uk/Press/hosepipe%20ban.htm |date= 2005-08-01| accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
For average temperature and rainfall figures, see
Wye Weather Station, which is around convert|20|mi|km|0 southwest of Herne Bay.
As of the 2001 UK census, Herne Bay area wards had a population of 35,188 and a population density of 11.3 persons per
hectare.cite web | title = Neighbourhood Statistics | publisher = Statistics.gov.uk | url = http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadHome.do;jsessionid=ac1f930bce6a711447e60ba4446bb56c21648d42c51.e38PbNqOa3qRe38OaNeKahqMai1ynknvrkLOlQzNp65In0?bhcp=1 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
Of the town's 14,732 households, 48.7% were married couples living together, 8.4% were cohabiting couples and 8.3% were lone parents. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone at pensionable age. 27.7% of households included children aged under 16 or a person aged 16 to 18 who was in full-time education. The average household size was 2.74.
The ethnicity of the town was 98.5% white, 0.6% mixed race, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% black and 0.3% Chinese or other. The place of birth of residents was 96.3% United Kingdom, 0.6%
Republic of Ireland, 0.3% Germany, 0.6% other Western Europecountries, 0.2% Eastern Europe, 0.6% Africa, 0.3% Far East, 0.3% South Asia, 0.2% Middle East, 0.2% North America and 0.2% Oceania. Religion was recorded as 77.3% Christian, 0.3% Muslim, 0.2% Hindu, 0.2% Buddhist, 0.1% Jewish and 0.1% Sikh. 14.2% were recorded as having no religion, 0.3% had an alternative religion and 7.4% didn't state their religion.
For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. The age distribution was 6% aged 0–4 years, 14% aged 5–15 years, 4% aged 16–19 years, 29% aged 20–44 years, 25% aged 45–64 years and 22% aged 65 years and over. The town had a high percentage of residents over 65, compared with the national average of 16%. As a seaside town, Herne Bay is a popular retirement destination; many modern retirement complexes are located near the seafront.
The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 36% in full-time employment, 13% in part-time employment, 9% self-employed, 3% unemployed, 2% students with jobs, 3% students without jobs, 18% retired, 7% looking after home or family, 6% permanently sick or disabled and 2% economically inactive for other reasons. This was roughly in line with the national figures, except for the number of people in retirement. This figure nationally was significantly lower at 14%. Of the town's residents aged 16–74, 12% had a
higher educationqualification or the equivalent, compared with 20% nationwide. According to Office for National Statisticsestimates, during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households in the Herne Bay area was £516 (£26,906 per year).
The advent of overseas travel and changes to holiday trends eventually caused the town's economy to decline after the 1960s; regular flooding of the Plenty Brook prevented redevelopment of the town centre. However, extensive seafront regeneration in the 1990s followed the creation of the Neptune's Arm sea defence jetty. The jetty has created a small harbour used by leisure boats and from where tourists can take sailing yacht trips to a seal-watching site in the Thames estuary. The Victorian gardens on the seafront were then able to be fully restored. The Central Bandstand, built in 1924, was refurbished after years of disrepair and closure to the public. A
swimming pooland cinema were added to the town centre in the early 1990s. In 2005, a wind-farm with thirty 2.75 MW wind turbines was built convert|5|mi|km|0 off the coast of Herne Bay and Whitstable, generating a total of 82.5 MW of electricity. The recent upgrades by the Council have helped improve the image of the town and raise its profile. It is hoped this will attract new investment in tourism and business by the private sector, and lead to the regeneration of the town's economy. [cite web | title = Thirty NEG Micon offshore wind turbines for Kentish Flats in the UK | publisher = Vestas | url = http://www.vestas.com/vestas/global/en/Press/News/News/NEGMicon/Press_release/NMPR_201103.htm.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] cite web | title = Planning in Herne Bay. | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/cgi-bin/buildpage.pl?mysql=644 | accessdate = 2007-04-01 ]
In 2006, Canterbury City Council began a public consultation to discuss the regeneration. A concern raised by the council is that the shopping centre is incoherent and fails to attract the tourists that come for the seafront. Other issues raised are the lack of holiday accommodation, car parks and clear pedestrian routes between the three main attractions in the town: the seafront, Memorial park and shopping centre. The council is considering relocating the sports centre from the pier and replacing it with other
As of the 2001 census, the industry of employment of residents of Herne Bay was 19% retail, 14% health and
social work, 11% manufacturing, 10% construction, 9% real estate, 8% education, 8% transport and communications, 5% public administration, 5% hotels and restaurants, 4% finance, 1% agriculture and 5% other community, social or personal services. Compared to national figures, the town had a relatively high number of workers in the construction and health/social care industries and a relatively low number in manufacturing and real estate. Many residents commute to work outside the town. As of the 2001 UK census, 14,711 of the town's residents were in employment, whereas there were only 8,104 jobs within the town.
One of the largest employers is the centrally located supermarket, which as of January 2006 was considering further expansion. It is one of the major attractions to the town's shopping centre, however there are fears that its expansion could lead it to become too dominant, at the cost of smaller shops in the town. Apart from tourism and retail, many jobs are also provided in the manufacturing industry, mainly located in industrial estates on the outskirts of the town, [cite web | title = Business Parks and Industrial Estates | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.business.canterbury.gov.uk/buildpage.php?id=21 | accessdate = 2007-04-17 ] which produce goods such as kitchen furniture [cite web | title = Crown Products contact | publisher = Crown Imperial | url = http://www.crown-imperial.co.uk/contactcrown.asp | accessdate = 2007-04-17 ] and factory machinery. [cite web | title = Flexicon office Locator | publisher = Flexicon | url = http://www.flexicon.com/us/Offices/index.asp?Continent=Europe&CountryID=184&repID=33 | accessdate = 2007-04-17 ] A high number of construction jobs have been created by redevelopment of the seafront, which is expected to continue with the proposed regeneration of the town centre. The elderly population of the town has led to many health and social care jobs at local care homes and at the town's Queen Victoria Memorial Hospital.cite web | title = Queen Victoria Memorial Hospital | publisher = NHS | url = http://www.kentandmedway.nhs.uk/local_nhs_services/hospitals/queen_victoria_memorial_hospital.asp | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] As of the 2001 census, 1.9% of the town's population resided in a medical or care establishment, compared with the national average of only 0.8%.
The seafront has a convert|2|mi|km|0 shingle beach, which has been awarded a European Blue Flag and the yellow and blue Seaside Award for its safety and cleanliness.cite web | title = Blue Flag beach awards | publisher = BBC | url =http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/uk/6665965.stm |date=
2007-05-18| accessdate = 2007-05-29 ] The seafront features a Victorian bandstand and gardens, amusement arcades, and children's play areas. Landmarks by the seafront include the clock tower, the sea defence jetty, the off-shore World War II sea fort and the off-shore wind farm. There are seaside cafés, fresh seafood restaurants, guesthouses, beach huts and numerous water-sports facilities.
The Memorial Park, situated near the centre of the town, incorporates a children's play area, a large shallow
duck pondoften used for remote controlboats, basketball and tennis courts and a large expanse of grass for field games. The park has a monument and an 'Avenue of Remembrance' as memorials to the town's residents killed during the two world wars. ReculverCountry Park is home to the cliff top Reculver Towers, the remains of the 12th century St Mary's Church and its distinctive twin towers. The park also contains the remains of a Roman fort, the remains of a Saxon church, a migrating-bird watching spot and an information centre on the geology, history and wildlife of this area of the coast. Located on the main road between Herne Bay and Canterbury, Wildwood Discovery Parkfeatures over fifty species of native British animals, such as deer, badgers, wild boar and wolves.
Herne Mill, a late-18th century Kentish
smock milloverlooking the village of Herne from a hilltop, is usually open to visitors on Sunday afternoons between April and September. [cite web | title = Herne Mill | publisher = Canterbury.co.uk | url = http://www.canterbury.co.uk/thedms.asp?dms=13&venue=3030610 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] A concrete funnel-shaped water toweroverlooks Herne Bay from the top of Mickleburgh Hill. This water tower is now used as a base for radio transmitters.
Herne Bay railway stationis on the Chatham Main Line, which runs between Ramsgatein East Kent and London Victoria. Other stations on this line include Broadstairs, Margate, Whitstable, Faversham, Gillingham, Rochester and Bromley South. Herne Bay is around 1 hour and 30 minutes from London by fast-service train. A National Expresscoach service also runs between London Victoria and Ramsgate, around every two to three hours during daytime. [cite web | title = Timetable | publisher = National Express | url = http://www.nationalexpress.com/bp/b2.cfm?id=84618113 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] A selection of trains run to London's Cannon Street station, primarily for business commuting.
There is the Stagecoach bus services 4/4A/4B/6/6A/6B (branded as 'The Triangle') running every 10 minutes to neighbouring Whitstable and to Canterbury, where many Herne Bay residents go to work and shop. [cite web | title = Route 36 | publisher = Stagecoach | url = http://www.stagecoachbus.com/timetables/36190206.pdf |format = PDF | accessdate = 2008-03-19 ] An hourly bus service 36 runs to the seaside resort of
Margate, convert|13|mi|km|0 to the east of Herne Bay. [cite web | title = Routes 4, 4A and 4X | publisher = Stagecoach | url = http://www.stagecoachbus.com/timetables/46Triangle.pdf |format = PDF | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] The A299 road, also known as the Thanet Way, runs between Ramsgate and Faversham via Herne Bay and Whitstable. The road merges with the M2 motorwayat Faversham. In the late 1990s, the road was converted into a dual carriagewayand redirected to avoid passing through urban areas of Herne Bay and Whitstable.
Herne Bay's secondary school is the modern Herne Bay High. It is a mixed ability
foundation schoolwith about 1,500 students. In 2002, Herne Bay High was designated a specialist schooland sports college. [cite web | title = Herne Bay High School | publisher = Herne Bay High School | url = http://www.hernebayhigh.kent.sch.uk/welcome2.html | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] In 2005, 14% of the school's pupils gained at least five GCSEs at grades A*–C including English and maths, ranking it 107th out of Kent's 120 secondary schools. [cite web | title = Schools in Kent | publisher = BBC | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/04/school_tables/secondary_schools/html/886_gcse_lea.stm | date = 2005-10-19| accessdate = 2007-04-24 ] Many students commute to schools in other nearby towns, especially to the grammar schools in Faversham, Ramsgate and Canterbury.
Herne Bay Junior School, situated in the town centre, has about 500 students. It was originally established in the late Victorian era and was formerly joined with the neighbouring Herne Bay Infant School. [cite web | title = Herne Bay Junior School | publisher = Herne Bay Junior School | url = http://www.hernebay-jun.kent.sch.uk/ | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] In 2006, Herne Bay Junior School's
Key Stage 2results ranked 139th out of Kent's 386 state primary schools.cite web | title = Primary schools in Kent| publisher = BBC | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/06/school_tables/primary_schools/html/agg_886.stm | date = 2006-12-07| accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] There are two smaller primary schools in the town centre: St Philip Howard Catholic School and Grosvenor House. The latter is a school for pupils permanently excluded from mainstream schooling. [cite web | title = Grosvenor House| publisher = Ofsted.gov.uk | url = http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/portal/site/Internet/menuitem.7c7b38b14d870c7bb1890a01637046a0/?event=getReport&urn=134326&inspectionNumber=282554&providerCategoryID=512&fileName=\\school\\134\\s5_134326_20060628.xml | year =2006| accessdate = 2007-04-29 ]
The village schools are Herne Primary School, Herne Church Of England Junior School, Herne Church Of England Infant and Nursery School,
Briary Primary Schoolin Greenhill, Hampton Primary School and Reculver Church Of England Primary School. The voluntary controlled Church of Englandschools are owned by the church but like the other schools, are run by Kent County Council. [cite web | title = Schools and the Church of England | publisher = Church of England | url = http://www.cofe.anglican.org/info/education/schools/ | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] In 2006, Reculver Church Of England Primary School achieved the best Key Stage 2 performances of the schools in the Herne Bay area, ranking 133rd out of Kent's 386 state primary schools.
Canterbury College @ Herne Bay is a branch of Canterbury College in Herne Bay
town centre, which provides a range of short information technologycourses to adults. [cite web | title = Canterbury College @ Herne Bay | publisher = Canterbury College | url = http://www.cant-col.ac.uk/adult_com/courses/hernebay.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Whitstable Adult Education Centre runs adult learning courses at various Herne Bay locations. [cite web | title = Adult and community education | publisher = Kent County Council | url = http://www.kent.gov.uk/education-and-learning/adult-and-community/your-nearest-centre/canterbury-adc-locations.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
Herne Bay Festival happens every August with ten days of free events including live music, performance, creative commissions, cultural treats, family fun, workshops, competitions, walks, talks, exhibitions and family entertainment. [cite web | title = Herne Bay Festival 2008 | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.hernebayfestival.co.uk/ | accessdate = 2008-07-23]
Other summer events include Happy Days - a programme of bandstand concerts and family entertainment, Herne Bay Carnival through the town centre, a travelling funfair at the Memorial Park and Herne Bay Bus Rally.
Each summer, the council runs a gardening competition, "Herne Bay in Bloom", which encourages residents and businesses to keep the town looking well presented. [cite web | title = Herne Bay in Bloom | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/hernebayinbloom | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
There are several community drama groups, such as "Theatrecraft", which produces three shows a year, including an annual pantomime at the Kings Hall theatre. [cite web | title = Theatrecraft | publisher = Theatrecraft | url = http://www.theatrecraft.btinternet.co.uk/ | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Other groups regularly hold productions at the "Little Theatre", [cite web | title = Little Theatre | publisher = Little Theatre | url = http://www.hblt.co.uk/ | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] and the open-air "Theatre In The Park" on the grounds of Strode Park House in Herne. [cite web | title = Theatre In The Park | publisher = Theatre In The Park | url = http://www.strodepark.org.uk/theatre_in_the_park.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] The town's only cinema, the "Kavanagh", is part of a Greco-inspired building that incorporates the Heron's swimming pool and the council offices. There are a number of drinking venues, especially in the town centre and on the seafront. There are nightclubs,
social clubsand many pubs, including one in the recently renovated seafront bandstand. [cite web | title = Bandstand Café Bar | publisher = Thorley Taverns | url = http://www.thorleytaverns.co.uk/detail.asp?ID=1 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
The town is a popular destination for water sports; it has clubs for sailing, rowing and yachting. The town has hosted the Zapcat powerboat racing championships.cite web | title = That's The Way We Do It | publisher = District Life | url = https://www.canterbury.gov.uk/assets/districtlife/districtlife11.pdf | format=PDF|date=Summer 2003 |accessdate = 2007-05-29 ] Fishing is popular on the pier and Herne Bay Angling Association competes nationally in beach and boat fishing competitions. [cite web | title = 2007 Competition Fixtures | publisher = Herne Bay Angling Association | url = http://www.hbaa.co.uk/images/2006/2007%20fixtures%20a4.PDF | format=PDF|year=2007 |accessdate = 2007-05-29 ]
Herne Bay Hockey Club, Greenhill Gymnastics Club, Herne Bay Cricket Club and Herne Bay Youth Football Club are located at
Herne Bay High School, a specialist sports college. The hockey club runs a ladies' team and five men's team, the highest of which plays in the Kent Sussex Regional 1st XI League. [cite web | title = Men's 1st XI | publisher = Herne Bay Hockey Club | url = http://www.hernebayhockey.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=15&Itemid=115 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Herne Bay Cricket Club runs two junior teams, a men's Sunday team and two men's Saturday teams; the Saturday teams play in the Kent Cricket Feeder League East. [cite web | title = Teams | publisher = Herne Bay Cricket Club | url = http://hernebay.play-cricket.com/teams/teams.asp | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
Herne Bay Youth Football Club has 22 teams, and over 320 players aged 6 to 18. Four teams play in the Kent Youth League and the remainder in the East Kent Youth Mini Soccer & 11 a Side Leagues.
Herne Bay Tennis Club is situated on the outskirts of town and runs multiple teams in the Kent League, East Kent League and Dover & District League. Their facilities include four all-weather courts (two floodlit), up to six astroturf courts and a purpose built clubhouse. The club offers junior coaching and runs regular club nights for players of all ages and abilities.
Herne Bay Basketball Club runs teams for men, women and juniors in the East Kent Basketball League. But hasn't had many tournaments for the juniors since few come [cite web | title = Homepage | publisher = Herne Bay Basketball Club | url = http://www.hernebaybasketball.co.uk/ | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Herne Bay Golf Club has an eighteen-hole course on the outskirts of the town. [cite web | title = Herne Bay Golf Club | publisher = English Golf Courses | url = http://www.englishgolf-courses.co.uk/kent/hernebay.php | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] The Memorial Park contains a sports field, eight tennis courts and a
basketball courtwhich can be used free of charge. Herne Bay Bowling Club is situated next to the Memorial Park and hosts several lawn bowlsOpen Tournaments each year.
There is a council owned sports centre on the pier, with a rink used for roller-skating and roller hockey. The centre has
table tennis, badminton and squash courts, a solarium, a gymnasium and a crèche. [cite web | title = The Pier Sports Centre Charges | publisher = Active Life Ltd | url =http://www.activelifeltd.co.uk/charges.php | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] There is another privately owned gymnasium in the town centre. Herne Bay Judo Club is located near the railway station and the same venue also holds clubs for table tennis and badminton. There are also two other table-tennis clubs in the town. Bujinkai karate classes are held at Herne Bay Junior School.cite web | title = Table Tennis | publisher = Canterbury City Council | url = http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/sportsdirectory?id=34 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Herne Bay Football Club, based at Winch's Field, play in the Kent LeaguePremier Division. They were Kent League champions in 1992, 1994, 1997 and 1998. [cite web | title = Previous champions | publisher = Kent Football League | url = http://www.kentleague.com/webpages.htm/premierdivisionpastwinners.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
The town is the founder of the
Roller Hockeysport with the "Herne Bay Roller Hockey club" being the first to exist in the world. [http://www.thebayrollerhockey.co.uk/about%20us.htm Herne Bay Roller Hockey Club] at www.thebayrollerhockey.co.uk (accessed 20 May 2008)]
There are four local weekly newspapers: the paid-for "Herne Bay Gazette" and "Herne Bay Times", providing news related only to the town, and the free "KM Extra" and "Canterbury Adscene", providing news on the wider Canterbury district area. Kent Messenger Group owns "Herne Bay Gazette" and "KM Extra", [cite web | title = KM Publications | publisher = Kent Online | url = http://www.kentonline.co.uk/km/publications/ | accessdate = 2007-04-14 ] while
Trinity Mirrorowns "Herne Bay Times" and "Canterbury Adscene". [cite web | title = Regionals | publisher = Trinity Mirror | url = http://www.trinitymirror.com/brands/regionals/southern/tms/ | accessdate = 2007-04-14 ] " kmfmfor Canterbury, Whitstable and Herne Bay" is a radio stationon frequency 106FM. The station was founded in September 1997 as "CTFM", but was rebranded after a takeover by the Kent Messenger Group. [cite web | title = kmfm | publisher = MediaUK.com | url = http://www.mediauk.com/radio/29 | accessdate = 2007-04-14 ] Radio Cabinis a radio station aimed only at Herne Bay listeners. It airs part-time and can only be accessed through the Internet. [cite web | title = Radio Cabin | publisher = Radio Cabin | url = http://www.radiocabin.co.uk/ | accessdate = 2007-04-14 ]
Due to the town's traditional seaside appearance, it has often been used as a setting for television programmes and films. The seafront has been featured in programmes such as the
ITVperiod drama " Upstairs, Downstairs", the 1984 BBC seaside comedy [http://imdb.com/title/tt0385390/ Cockles] , CBBC's " The Tweenies" and the BBC comedy " Little Britain". [cite web | first =Cyrus |last=Shahrad |title = Seaside daytrips: summer holiday ideas for kids | publisher = Time Out| url = http://www.timeout.com/london/kids/features/1728.html?cpage=4&ccat=5|date= 2006-07-20| accessdate = 2007-03-30 ] The town's train stationwas seen in an episode of the 1970s comedy " Some Mothers Do 'Ave 'Em". The town has featured in movies such as Ken Russell's "French Dressing", [cite web | title = Herne Bay | publisher = Anglobilia.com| url =http://www.anglobilia.com/places/hernebay.html | accessdate = 2007-05-28 ] and "The Medusa Touch", starring Richard Burton. [cite web | title = The Medusa Touch | publisher = Amazon.com | url =http://www.amazon.com/Medusa-Touch-Richard-Burton/dp/theatrical-release/B00004I9PF | accessdate = 2007-05-29 ] In fiction, Jeevesfrom the stories by P. G. Wodehouseregularly holidays at the town, spending much of his time there fishing. [cite web | title = Jeeves in the Offing | publisher = Audible.com | url = http://www.audible.com/adbl/store/CJProduct.jsp?productID=BK_BLAK_000619&AID=10273919&PID=1457448 | accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Herne Bay was the hometown of the three main characters in the 1990s BBC sitcom, "Game On".
Herne Bay is
twinnedwith the towns of
* , (France)
* | accessdate = 2007-04-03 ]
Since 1994, the Herne Bay/Wimereux Twinning Association has aimed to promote friendship between the people of the two towns by organising activities, such as cycling trips and quiz evenings. Herne Bay and Waltrop have been twinned since 1976, although as at February 2007, their twinning association was not in operation. [cite web | title = Städtepartnerschaften | language = German | publisher = Waltrop.de | url = http://www.waltrop.de/buergerservice/index.html?seite=angebot&id=553 | date =
2007-02-06| accessdate = 2007-04-03 ] However, Herne Bay Rowing Club promote friendship with the Waltrop rowing club by organising rowing events and visiting in each other's towns.
The actor and presenter
Bob Holnesslived in the town as a child and attended Herne Bay Primary School until moving to Ashford. [cite web | last = Adams | first = Katherine | title = Interview with Bob Holness | publisher = BBC Kent | url = http://www.bbc.co.uk/kent/content/articles/2007/02/26/bob_holness_feature.shtml| date = 2007-02-26| accessdate = 2007-03-29 ] Nicki Chapman, the judge on the UK television series " Popstars" and " Pop Idol", was born and raised in the town. [cite web |first= Louise |last= Burke |title=My Pap Pics: Nicki Chapman |url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_20050306/ai_n11855531 |publisher= Sunday Mirror |date= 2005-03-06|accessdate=2007-03-30 ] Originally from London, Daniel Tammet, the subject of the UK documentary "The Boy With The Incredible Brain", has now moved to the town. He is an autistic savantwith outstanding abilities in mathematics, sequence memorising and language learning. [cite news | title = Big slice of pi sets new record
publisher = BBC News | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/3513230.stm | date =
2004-03-15| accessdate = 2007-03-29 ]
During the late 1960s, many successful rock and jazz bands were formed around the city of Canterbury, creating a subgenre of music known as the Canterbury sound. Some of these musicians were residents of Herne Bay, including
Dave Sinclair[cite web |title=Dave Sinclair |url=http://www.dave-sinclair.co.uk/ds_3.asp |publisher=Dave-Sinclair.co.uk |accessdate=2007-03-30 ] and Richard Coughlanof Caravan, and Kevin Ayersof Soft Machine. [cite web | title = You need a bit missing upstairs to play this game | publisher = The Guardian | url = http://arts.guardian.co.uk/fridayreview/story/0,12102,990313,00.html |date= 2003-07-04| accessdate = 2007-05-28 ] George W. M. Reynolds, one of the most popular British authors of the early Victorian era, moved to Herne Bay in 1854 and became one of the town's Improvement Commissioners. Héctor García Ribeyro, the Mayor of Limain Peruduring the 1950s, had part of his schooling at the now defunct Herne Bay International School. Colin Dixon, the depot manager held hostage with his family during the £53 million Securitas depot robberyof February 2006, lived in Herne Bay at the time. [cite news |title=Securitas robbery: how it happened |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/kent/4754786.stm |publisher=BBC News |date= 2006-02-27|accessdate=2007-03-29 ]
* [http://www.ilovehernebay.co.uk I Love Herne Bay - Non commercial Herne Bay website]
* [http://www.hernebayonline.co.uk Herne Bay Online]
* [http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/ Canterbury City Council]
* [http://www.hbay.co.uk/ Steve's Herne Bay & Whitstable site - non commercial photo album and information site]
* [http://www.hbarc.org.uk/ Herne Bay Amateur Rowing Club]
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