Proverbs 31

Proverbs 31, in the Book of Proverbs in the Hebrew Bible, describes how a "virtuous woman" should behave. The text of the chapter directs women to be industrious and faithful to their husbands. The passage is important among many Christian groups.

The 10th to 31st verses of the chapter is called "Eishes Chayil". It is a praise of the good wife, a definition of a perfect wife or "ideal woman" in Judaism. Traditionally, the Eishes Chayil was viewed as written by King Solomon and many prominent theologians continue to hold this belief. However there is a more recent branch of critical scholarship which suggests it was added to Proverbs later. This chapter is recited on Friday night, before Shabbat dinner in some Jewish homes. Some see this as a praise directed from the husband to his wife.

The word חיל ("chayil") appears in verse 10 and 29 of the passage, thought as the summary of the good woman's character. Traditionally it has been translated "virtuous" or "noble." Some scholars have suggested that it rather means "forceful," "mighty," or "valiant" because the use of the word in the Tanakh is almost exclusively used regarding warfare. [ [http://godswordtowomen.org/lesson_78.htm God's Word to Women Lesson 78] by Katherine Bushnell] .

External links

* [http://www.aish.com/graphics/shabbos/eishet.pdf Eishet Chayil text]
* [http://www.pirchei.com/pictoral/eishes/index.htm Illustrated presentation of Eishes Chayil]
* [http://www.eisheschayil.com/ Shema Yisrael Torah Network - The Eishes Chayil]
* [http://www.milechai.com/judaism/eishes-chayil.html Eishes Chayil - Define]
* [http://www.sichosinenglish.org/books/sefer-hatoldos-admur-maharash/18.htm Sefer HaToldos Admur Maharash-Chapter 7]
* [http://www.rainmall.com/tcws/shiurim/eishes_intro.html Eishes Chayil - Intro]
* [http://www.matan.org.il/Data/UploadedFiles/Free/bm_korenkelman_eng_102.doc Bat Mitzvah: Jewish women through the ages]
* [http://www.mechon-mamre.org/jewfaq/women.htm The role of women in traditional Judaism]

Notes


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  • Proverbs —     Book of Proverbs     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Book of Proverbs     One of the Sapiential writings of the Old Testament placed in the Hebrew Bible among the Hagiographa, and found in the Vulgate after the books of Psalms and Job.     I. NAMES …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Proverbs — 1 Proverbs 2 Proverbs 3 Proverbs 4 Proverbs 5 Proverbs 6 Proverbs 7 Proverbs 8 Proverbs 9 Proverbs 10 Proverbs 11 Proverbs 12 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Proverbs — may refer to:*The plural of the word proverb *The Book of Proverbs, one of the books of the Hebrew Tanakh and the Old Testament *Roy Proverbs, English footballer …   Wikipedia

  • Proverbs — [präv′ərbz] n. Bible a book containing maxims ascribed to Solomon and others: abbrev. Prov, Prv, or Pr …   English World dictionary

  • proverbs —    Short, crisply structured sayings widely known in a community, which convey traditional observations on human nature and natural phenomena, moral judgements, mockery, warnings, etc. Though circulating orally, their wording is fairly stable;… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Proverbs — noun an Old Testament book consisting of proverbs from various Israeli sages (including Solomon) • Syn: ↑Book of Proverbs • Instance Hypernyms: ↑book • Part Holonyms: ↑Hagiographa, ↑Ketubim, ↑Writings, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Proverbs 1 — 1 The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel; 2 To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding; 3 To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity; 4 To give subtilty to the simple, to… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Proverbs 10 — 1 The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother. 2 Treasures of wickedness profit nothing: but righteousness delivereth from death. 3 The LORD will not suffer the soul of the righteous… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Proverbs 25 — 1 These are also proverbs of Solomon, which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied out. 2 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honour of kings is to search out a matter. 3 The heaven for height, and the earth for depth, and the… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Proverbs — Prov|erbs a book of the ↑Old Testament of the Bible consisting of a collection of ↑proverbs which people believe were written by King ↑Solomon …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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