Peter Jennings


Peter Jennings

Infobox Person
name = Peter Jennings

| image_size = 128
caption = Peter Jennings in 2002
birth_date = birth date|mf=yes|1938|7|29|
birth_place = Toronto, Ontario, Canada
death_date = death date and age|mf=yes|2005|8|7|1938|7|29|
death_place = New York City, New York, United States

Peter Charles Archibald Ewart Jennings, CM (July 29, 1938 – August 7, 2005) was a Canadian-American journalist and news anchor. He was the sole anchor of ABC's "World News Tonight" from 1983 until his death in 2005 from complications of lung cancer. A high-school dropout, he transformed himself into one of American television's most prominent journalists.

Jennings started his career early, hosting a Canadian radio show at the age of nine. In 1965, ABC News tapped him to anchor its flagship evening news program. His inexperience marred his first short stint in the anchor chair, and Jennings became a foreign correspondent in 1968, honing his reporting skills in the Middle East.

He returned as one of "World News Tonight"'s three anchors in 1978, and was promoted to the role of sole anchor in 1983. Jennings formed part of the "Big Three" news anchors who dominated American evening news in the 1980s and 1990s. Having always been fascinated with the United States, Jennings became a naturalized United States citizen in 2003. His death, which closely followed the retirements of Tom Brokaw and Dan Rather, marked the end of the "Big Three" era.

Biography

Early life

Jennings was born in Toronto, Ontario; he and his younger sister Sarah were children of Elizabeth Osborne and Charles Jennings, a prominent radio broadcaster for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). Peter Jennings started his broadcasting career at the age of nine, hosting "Peter's People", a half-hour, Saturday morning, CBC Radio show for kids. His father was on a business trip to the Middle East when the show debuted; upon returning, Charles Jennings, who harbored a deep dislike of nepotism, was outraged to learn that the network had put his son on the air.Martin, Sandra (August 9, 2005). " [http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/ArticleNews/TPStory/LAC/20050809/OBJENNINGS09/TPObituaries/?query=jennings ABC's Canadian newscaster brought the world's biggest stories into the homes of millions of Americans] " (fee required). "The Globe and Mail", p. S9. Retrieved on November 27, 2006.]

When he was 11, Jennings started attending Trinity College School in Port Hope, Ontario, where he excelled in sports. After the CBC moved his father to its Ottawa headquarters in the early 1950s, Jennings transferred to Lisgar Collegiate Institute. He struggled academically, and Jennings later surmised that it was out of "pure boredom" that he failed 10th grade and dropped out. "I loved girls," he said. "I loved comic books. And for reasons I don't understand, I was pretty lazy."Lalli, Frank (October 2002). " [http://www.rd.com/content/openContent.do?contentId=26714 Peter Jennings: Newsman on the Heartland] ". "Reader's Digest". Retrieved on November 27, 2006.] Jennings then briefly attended Carleton University, where he says he "lasted about 10 minutes" before dropping out.Dare, Patrick (June 14, 1997). "Impatient broadcaster savours Carleton honour". "The Ottawa Citizen" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. C3. Retrieved on January 3, 2007.]

Although Jennings dreamed of following in his father's footsteps in broadcasting, his first job was as a bank teller for the Royal Bank of Canada. He had hoped that the company would assign him to its Havana branch; instead, it located him in the small town of Prescott, Ontario, before transferring him to its nearby Brockville branch. During this time, he explored acting by appearing in several amateur musical productions with the Orpheus Musical Theatre Society, including "Damn Yankees" and "South Pacific"." [http://www.orpheus-theatre.on.ca/members-only/alumni.html Where are they now?] ". Orpheus Musical Theatre Society. Retrieved on November 27, 2006.]

It was in Brockville that the 21-year-old Jennings started his rise in broadcasting. In 1959, CFJR, a local radio station, hired him as a member of its news department; many of his stories, including his coverage of a local train wreck, were picked up by the CBC.CBC News Online. " [http://www.cbc.ca/news/obit/jennings_peter/ Peter Jennings: A life on camera] ". "CBC News". Retrieved on November 27, 2006.] By 1961, Jennings had joined the staff of CJOH-TV, then a new television station in Ottawa. When the station launched in March 1961, Jennings was initially an interviewer and co-producer for "Vue", a late-night news program. His producers saw a youthful attractiveness in him that resembled that of Dick Clark, and Jennings soon found himself hosting "Club Thirteen", a dance show similar to "American Bandstand".Ward, Bruce (August 9, 2005). "Canadian's wit, insight and authority made him Americans' 'centre of gravity'". "The Ottawa Citizen" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. A1. Retrieved on November 27, 2006.]

The next year, CTV, Canada's first private TV network and a fledgling competitor of his father's network, hired the 24-year-old Jennings as co-anchor of its late-night national newscast.Steinberg, Jacques (August 8, 2005). " [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/08/business/media/08jennings_obit.html?ex=1281153600&en=0cf6263b1cdfab27&ei=5090 Peter Jennings, Urbane News Anchor, Dies at 67] ". "The New York Times", p. A4. Retrieved on November 27, 2006.] While reporting for CTV, he was the first Canadian journalist to arrive in Dallas after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. In 1964, CTV sent Jennings to cover the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey. There, he ran into Elmer Lower, then president of ABC News, who offered him a job as a correspondent for the American network, an opportunity Jennings initially rejected.Sullivan, Patricia (August 8, 2005). " [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/08/07/AR2005080701146.html ABC News Anchor Was a Voice of the World] ". "The Washington Post", p. A01. Retrieved on November 27, 2006.] "The job was pretty intimidating for a guy like me in a tiny city in Canada," Jennings later recalled. "I thought, What if I screw up? What if I fail?" Three months later though, he changed his mind and packed his bags for America.

America's youngest anchor

Jennings started reporting for ABC at its New York news bureau. At the time, ABC lagged behind the more established news divisions of NBC and CBS, and the network was trying to attract younger viewers. On February 1, 1965, ABC plucked the fresh-faced Canadian from the field and placed him at the anchor desk of "Peter Jennings With the News", then a 15-minute nightly newscast. He replaced Ron Cochran, a fellow Canadian. At 26, Jennings was, and remains, the youngest-ever U.S. network news anchor.Glass, Charles (August 9, 2005). " [http://news.independent.co.uk/people/obituaries/article304600.ece Peter Jennings] ". "The Independent", p. 32. Retrieved on November 30, 2006.] "ABC was in bad shape at the time," Jennings said. "They were willing to try anything, and, to demonstrate the point, they tried me."Dawidziak, Mark (August 9, 2005). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/plaindealer/access/879684471.html?dids=879684471:879684471&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Anchor’s stellar career came against the odds] " (fee required). "The Cleveland Plain Dealer" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. E1. Retrieved on November 30, 2006.]

An inexperienced Jennings had a hard time keeping up with his rivals at the other networks, and he could not compete with the venerable newscasts of Walter Cronkite at CBS and Chet Huntley and David Brinkley at NBC. American audiences disliked Jennings' Canadian English accent. He pronounced lieutenant as "leftenant", mangled the pronunciation of "Appomattox," and misidentified the Marines' Hymn as Anchors Aweigh at Lyndon Johnson's presidential inauguration; his general ignorance of American affairs and culture led critics to deride Jennings as a "glamorcaster". "It was a little ridiculous when you think about it," he later reflected. "A 26-year-old trying to compete with Cronkite, Huntley and Brinkley. I was simply unqualified."CTV.ca News Staff (August 8, 2005). " [http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1123500770880_17 Jennings remembered as 'the best of the breed'] ". "CTV". Retrieved on November 30, 2006.] After three rocky years at the anchor desk, Jennings called it quits and became a foreign correspondent.

Foreign correspondent

Jennings was determined to build his journalism credentials abroad. In 1968, he established ABC's Middle East bureau in Beirut, Lebanon, the first American television news bureau in the Arab world." [http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/story?id=126542 Peter Jennings] ". "ABC News". Retrieved on November 30, 2006.] The next year, he demonstrated his growing expertise in Middle Eastern affairs with "Palestine: New State of Mind", a well-received half-hour documentary for ABC's "Now" news program. As ABC's Beirut bureau chief, Jennings soon became familiar with the intricacies of the Arab-Israeli conflict, including the rise of the Palestinian Black September Organization during the early 1970s. He conducted the first American television interview with Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat. While stationed in the Lebanese capital, Jennings dated Palestinian activist Hanan Ashrawi, who was then a graduate student in literature at the American University in Beirut.Fenyvesi, Charles (December 30, 1991 / January 6, 1992). "Washington whispers". "US News & World Report" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 34. Retrieved on November 30, 2006.]

In 1972, Jennings covered his first major breaking news story, the Munich Olympics massacre of Israeli athletes by Black September. His live reporting, which drew on the expertise he had acquired in the Middle East, provided context for Americans who were unfamiliar with the Palestinian group. By hiding with his camera crew close to the athletic compound where the Israeli athletes were being held hostage, Jennings was able to provide ABC with clear video of the masked hostage-takers. He would later be criticized for insisting on using the terms "guerillas" and "commandos" instead of "terrorists" to describe the members of Black September.Friedman, Rachel Zabarkes (July 26, 2004). " [http://www.nationalreview.com/issue/friedman200407091507.asp Worse than Tom and Dan?] ". "National Review" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ". Retrieved on December 21, 2006.]

After the events of Munich, Jennings continued to report on Middle East issues. In 1973, he covered the Yom Kippur War, and the following year, he served as chief correspondent and co-producer of "Sadat: Action Biography", a profile of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat that would win him his first of two George Foster Peabody Awards. The documentary established Jennings as Sadat's favorite correspondent.Waite, Clayland. [http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/J/htmlJ/jenningspet/jenningspet.htm Jennings, Peter] . "The Museum of Broadcast Communications". Retrieved on December 1, 2006.] That summer, Jennings married for the second time, to Anouchka Malouf, a Lebanese photographer. His first wife had been childhood sweetheart Valerie Godsoe."USA Today" (August 8, 2005). " [http://www.usatoday.com/life/television/news/2005-08-08-jennings-timeline_x.htm Jennings' time, and ours] ". "USA Today". Retrieved on December 1, 2006.]

Jennings returned to the U.S. at the end of 1974 to become Washington correspondent and news anchor for ABC's new morning program "AM America", a predecessor to "Good Morning America". ABC was hoping that the show, in which it had invested US$8 million, would challenge NBC's highly popular "Today". "AM America" debuted on January 6, 1975, with Jennings delivering regular five-minute newscasts from Washington. The show never gained ground against "Today", and was canceled in just ten months.Waters, Harry F. (November 17, 1975). "If at First...". "Newsweek" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 112. Retrieved on December 1, 2006.] In November 1975, Jennings moved abroad once again, this time as ABC's chief foreign correspondent. He continued to cover the Middle East, and in 1978 he was the first American reporter to interview the Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran, then in exile in Paris.

Meanwhile, ABC News and its newly installed president, Roone Arledge, were preparing an overhaul of its nightly news program, whose ratings had languished in third place behind CBS and NBC since its inception. In the late 1970s, a disastrous pairing of Harry Reasoner and Barbara Walters at the anchor desk left the network searching for new ideas. Arledge decided to implement a three-anchor format for the program. On July 10, 1978, "World News Tonight" debuted with Frank Reynolds in Washington, Max Robinson in Chicago, and Jennings in London.Waters, Harry F. with Betsy Carter (August 20, 1979). "ABC News Marches On". "Newsweek" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 45. Retrieved on December 1, 2006.] Jennings' official title was "Foreign Desk Anchor," although he continued to serve as the network's chief foreign correspondent. By the summer of 1979, the innovative broadcast, which featured some of the same glitzy presentation as Arledge's previous television coup, "Wide World of Sports", had climbed in the ratings. The newscast had gained 1.9 million households from its debut, and was now in a dead heat with NBC's evening newscast.

Jennings also found renewed success in his personal life. In 1979, he married for the third time to fellow ABC correspondent Kati Marton. That same year, he became a father when Marton gave birth to their daughter, Elizabeth. In 1982, Jennings' and Marton's second child, Christopher, was born.

As part of ABC's triumvirate, Jennings continued to cover major international news, especially Middle East issues. His nightly appearance at an anchor desk in London gave the impression that ABC News was more dedicated to foreign news than the other networks.Schwartz, Tony (December 12, 1981). " [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70D14F73F5C0C718DDDAB0994D9484D81 Arledge Fights, Yet Revels in, his Outsider Status] " (fee required). "The New York Times" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", s. 1, p. 53. Retrieved on December 4, 2006.] Jennings reported on the Iranian Revolution and subsequent hostage crisis, the assassination of Sadat, the Falklands war, Israel's 1982 invasion of Lebanon, and Pope John Paul II's 1983 visit to Poland. His insistence on covering the major international stories himself irked some of his fellow ABC foreign correspondents, who came to resent being scooped by what they deemed as "Jennings' Flying Circus." Jennings, too, was not completely satisfied with his job in London. When his contract expired with ABC in the early 1980s, Jennings flirted with the possibility of moving back to Canada and working with the CBC on its new nightly newscast, "The Journal". The CBC could not meet Jennings' renegotiation deadlines, though, and the deal fell through.Riches, Hester (June 17, 1981). "CBC blew its chance to net Peter Jennings". "The Globe and Mail" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ". Retrieved on December 4, 2006.]

ole anchor

In 1983, Reynolds fell ill with multiple myeloma, a form of bone cancer, and was forced to stop anchoring in April. His absence caused a dip in the ratings for ABC's nightly newscast. ABC originally expected a full recovery, and relocated Jennings to its Washington bureau to fill in for Reynolds while he was sick; the move helped buoy the newscast's ratings, although it remained in third place. On July 20, 1983, Reynolds died unexpectedly after developing acute hepatitis.Carmody, John (August 10, 1983). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/125950292.html?dids=125950292&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS Jennings to Solo for ABC News] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. B1. Retrieved on December 4, 2006.]

On August 9, 1983, ABC announced that Jennings had signed a four-year contract with the network and would become the sole anchor and senior editor for "World News Tonight" on September 5. Jennings would anchor the program from New York City, the program's new base of operations. The announcement signaled a generational shift in the evening news broadcasts, and the beginning of what the media would deem the "Big Three" era of Jennings, Dan Rather of CBS, and Tom Brokaw of NBC. Rather had already been elevated to anchor in 1981 after the retirement of Walter Cronkite, and Brokaw of "NBC Nightly News" was set to become sole anchor the same day as Jennings. At the time, Jennings expressed apprehension that the impending competition among the three newsmen was at risk of becoming superficial. "With me, Brokaw and Rather, I recognize that there will be the factor of three pretty faces," he said. "That's an inevitable byproduct of television. But if that is what it comes down to in terms of the approach we take, if our approach is that singular, then we will all have made a mistake."Smith, Sally Bedell (August 10, 1983). " [http://www.nytimes.com/1983/08/10/business/media/081083JENNINGS.html Peter Jennings Named Sole ABC Anchor] ". "The New York Times", p. C23. Retrieved on December 4, 2006.]

Jennings' debut on September 5, 1983 marked the beginning of a steady climb in the ratings for ABC News.Ref_label|A|a|none He spent his first year at the anchor desk educating himself on American domestic affairs in preparation for the 1984 presidential campaign season.Ref_label|B|b|none In June 1984, Jennings, who later admitted that his political knowledge was limited at the time, co-anchored ABC's coverage of the Democratic National Convention with David Brinkley. "I had not covered an election campaign in 16 years," Jennings said, "so here was I going to co-anchor with David Brinkley in 1984, and he wasn't even sure I knew who the faces belonged to, and he was right."Kenney, Charles (November 6, 1988). "Why Peter Jennings is So Good". "The Boston Globe Magazine" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 18. Retrieved on December 7, 2006.] Jennings and ABC were criticized for suddenly halting coverage of the convention for 30 minutes and airing a rerun of "Hart to Hart" instead.Shales, Tom (July 18, 1984). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/124706072.html?dids=124706072&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS The Gift & the Gaffe; Jackson Inspires; ABC News Pulls Its Own Plug] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. F1. Retrieved on December 7, 2006.]

Despite a shaky start at the anchor desk, Jennings' broadcast began to climb in the ratings. Jennings was praised for his performance during the 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, when he anchored ABC's coverage of the event for 11 straight hours. By 1989, competition among the three nightly newscasts had risen to fever pitch . When the Loma Prieta earthquake struck the San Francisco Bay area, media pundits praised Jennings and ABC News for their prompt on-air response, while criticizing the delayed reaction of Tom Brokaw and NBC News.Siegel, Ed (October 19, 1989). "Reacting to a disaster; Nothing can shake Ted Koppel". "The Boston Globe" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 93. Retrieved on December 19, 2006.] The next month, Brokaw redeemed himself by scooping the other networks with news of the fall of the Berlin Wall.Shales, Tom (November 10, 1989). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/73910057.html?dids=73910057:73910057&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT The Day the Wall Cracked; Brokaw's Live Broadcast Tops Networks' Berlin Coverage] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D01. Retrieved on December 19, 2006.] It was "World News Tonight", however, that ended the year at the top; ABC's evening newscast spent the last 13 weeks of the year in first place, and its average ratings for the entire year beat CBS for the first time.Donlon, Brian; Jones, Dylan; Johnson, Peter (January 4, 1990). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/55968623.html?dids=55968623:55968623&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT ABC news edges CBS in 1989 ratings race] " (fee required). "USA Today" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D3. Retrieved on December 20, 2006.]

Jennings' on-air success continued in 1990, and "World News Tonight" consistently led the ratings race. In January, he anchored the first installment of "Peter Jennings Reporting" – hour-long, prime-time ABC News specials dedicated to exploring a single topic. His inaugural program on gun violence in America drew praise.Shales, Tom (January 24, 1990). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/8422896.html?dids=8422896&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS 'Guns': Right on Target] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. C1. Retrieved on December 20, 2006.] His second installment of "Peter Jennings Reporting" in April, "From the Killing Fields", focused on US policy towards Cambodia. The program alleged that the federal government was covertly supporting the Khmer Rouge's return to power in the Asian nation, a charge that the Bush administration initially denied.Goodman, Walter (April 26, 1990). [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CEFDA153FF935A15757C0A966958260 Jennings Says U.S. Helps Khmer Rouge] . "The New York Times". Retrieved on December 20, 2006.] On July 18, though, the White House announced that it was ending recognition of the Khmer Rouge.Johnson, Peter (July 19, 1990). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/56009385.html?dids=56009385:56009385&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Jennings proves to be a prophet on Cambodia] " (fee required). "USA Today" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D3. Retrieved on December 20, 2006.]

When the Gulf War started on January 16, 1991, Jennings began a marathon anchoring stint to cover the story, spending 20 of the first 48 hours of the war on-air, and leading ABC News to its highest-ever ratings.Ref_label|C|c|none After interrupting regular Saturday morning cartoons on January 19 to broadcast a military briefing from Saudi Arabia, Jennings and ABC became concerned about the emotional impact of the war coverage on children. Out of that concern, Jennings hosted a 90-minute special, "War in the Gulf: Answering Children's Questions" the next Saturday morning; the program featured Jennings, ABC correspondents, and American military personnel answering phoned-in questions and explaining the war to young viewers .Carter, Bill (January 25, 1991). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE4DC1E3DF936A15752C0A967958260 Jennings Turns to Children's Worries] ". "The New York Times", p. C28. Retrieved on April 27, 2008.]

On October 13, 1991, breaking news forced ABC News to interrupt regular Saturday morning programming again. Jennings was once again mindful of his audience, prefacing the coverage of the Senate confirmation hearings for Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas with remarks for children. "You may hear some not very nice language," said Jennings. He noted that Thomas and his accuser, Anita Hill, "have a very painful disagreement about some things the woman says the man did to her when they were working together...You can ask your parents to tell you more.""Associated Press" (October 13, 1991). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/thestar/access/466084851.html?dids=466084851:466084851&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT U.S. network issues warning to children] " (fee required). "The Toronto Star" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. A7. Retrieved on December 21, 2006.] Jennings continued to produce special programs aimed at young viewers, anchoring "Growing Up in the Age of AIDS", a frank, 90-minute-long discussion on AIDS in February 1992,Johnson, Peter (January 31, 1992). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/56187688.html?dids=56187688:56187688&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Jennings talks to kids about AIDS] " (fee required). "USA Today" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 3D. Retrieved on December 21, 2006.] and "Prejudice: Answering Children's Questions", a forum on racism in April 1992.Williams, Scott ("Associated Press") (April 23, 1992). "News Specials for Kids Draw Adults Too". "The Oregonian" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D7. Retrieved on December 21, 2006.]

Politics dominated network news in 1992. Jennings moderated the final debate among the Democratic presidential candidates in March,Tierney, John (March 7, 1992). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CEFD7113BF934A35750C0A964958260 Campaign Journal; Candidates' Big Hurdle: Conversation] ". "The New York Times", s. 1, p. 10. Retrieved on April 27, 2008.] and anchored "Peter Jennings Reporting: Who Is Ross Perot?" and a subsequent 90-minute town forum with Perot and a studio audience in June.Hodges, Ann (June 23, 1992). " [http://www.chron.com/CDA/archives/archive.mpl?id=1992_1063200 Peter Jennings to try to answer: Who is Ross Perot?] " (registration required). "The Houston Chronicle", p. 6. Retrieved on December 26, 2006.] On September 9, 1992, ABC announced that it would be switching the format of its political coverage to give less recognition to staged sound bites. "We're aware that a lot of you are turned off by the political process and that many of you put at least some of the blame on us," Jennings told viewers on "World News Tonight". "We'll only devote time to a candidate's daily routine if it is more than routine. There will be less attention to staged appearances and sound bites designed exclusively for television."Kurtz, Howard (September 11, 1992). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/74048216.html?dids=74048216:74048216&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Media Alter Approach To Campaign Coverage; ABC to Play Down Staged Events, Sound Bites] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. A10. Retrieved on December 26, 2006.] After Bill Clinton was elected as president in November 1992, Jennings featured the new administration in two of his specials for children; he anchored "President Clinton: Answering Children's Questions" in February 1993,Shales, Tom (February 22, 1993). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72116735.html?dids=72116735:72116735&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Mister Clinton's Neighborhood] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. B1. Retrieved on December 26, 2006.] and "Kids in the Crossfire: Violence in America" in November 1993, a live special from a Washington, D.C. junior high school which featured Attorney General Janet Reno and rapper MC Lyte.Horwitz, Sari (November 7, 1993). [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72200122.html?dids=72200122:72200122&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Tension on Set of Show About Youth Violence] . "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. B3. Retrieved on December 21, 2006.]

The early 1990s also served up a series of rough patches for Jennings. On August 13, 1993, Jennings and Kati Marton publicly announced their separation in "Newsday". The couple had previously split in 1987 for four months after Jennings found out that Marton was having an affair with "Washington Post" columnist Richard Cohen."Knight-Ridder/New York Daily News" (August 15, 1993). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/thestar/access/518668701.html?dids=518668701:518668701&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Heart-breaker Jennings leaves his third wife] " (fee required). "The Toronto Star" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D2. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.] In January 1994, he locked horns with his executive producer on "World News Tonight", Emily Rooney. The public firing of Rooney made national headlines, and put Jennings on the defensive.Siegel, Ed (January 7, 1994). "Rooney's career with ABC: nasty, brutish and short". "The Boston Globe" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 67. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.]

With the rise of media watchdog groups, such as the conservative Media Research Center (MRC), Jennings came under increasing scrutiny for his "biases". The anchor drew fire from conservatives, such as the MRC and Cal Thomas, for his November 14, 1994 remarks on ABC Radio, in which he analyzed the results of the 1994 US midterm elections. "Some thoughts on those angry voters. Ask parents of any two-year-old and they can tell you about those temper tantrums: the stomping feet, the rolling eyes, the screaming," said Jennings. "Imagine a nation full of uncontrolled two-year-old rage. The voters had a temper tantrum last week....Parenting and governing don’t have to be dirty words: the nation can’t be run by an angry two-year-old."Thomas, Cal (November 27, 1994). "The big media's temper tantrum". "The Tampa Tribune" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 6. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.] Media Research Center (2003). " [http://www.mediaresearch.org/Profiles/jennings/welcome.asp Profiles in Bias: World News Tonight With Peter Jennings] ". Media Research Center. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.] A July 1995 documentary, "Peter Jennings Reporting: Hiroshima: Why the Bomb Was Dropped", which aired a week before the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, also drew scorn from conservatives and some television critics, who called the program a revisionist look at the decision to drop the bomb.Ringle, Ken (July 27, 1995). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/18609762.html?dids=18609762:18609762&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT History Through a Mushroom Cloud] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D01. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.] Some viewers of the documentary mailed bus fares to Jennings, telling him to return to Canada.Wilson-Smith, Anthony (June 22, 1998). "Peter Jennings and Kevin Newman lead the invasion of U.S. network news". "Maclean's" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 33. Retrieved on January 5, 2007.]

He pleased some conservatives though, after his three-year lobbying effort to create a full-time religion correspondent at ABC News succeeded in the hiring of Peggy Wehmeyer in January 1994, making her the first such network reporter.Johnson, Peter (January 26, 1994). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/55226398.html?dids=55226398:55226398&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT ABC adds religion reporter to the roster] " (fee required). "USA Today" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D3. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.] ABC increased its coverage of religious topics, and in March 1995, he anchored "Peter Jennings Reporting: In the Name of God", a well-received documentary on the changing nature of American churches.Hodges, Ann (March 16, 1995). " [http://www.chron.com/CDA/archives/archive.mpl?id=1995_1262465 'In the Name of God'; ABC's Jennings examines the changing face of America's churches] " (registration required). "The Houston Chronicle", p. 1. Retrieved on December 29, 2006.] At a taping of a "town meeting" segment for KOMO-TV of Seattle in February 1995, Jennings expressed regret for his ABC radio remarks on the 1994 midterm elections. "People thought I had insulted their sacred mandate and some thought I should go back to Canada," he said. "I hope I don't make that mistake again."Taylor, Chuck (February 3, 1995). [http://archives.seattletimes.nwsource.com/cgi-bin/texis.cgi/web/vortex/display?slug=2103056&date=19950203 Jennings at his zenith] . "The Seattle Times", p. F1. Retrieved on December 29, 2006.]

During the mid-1990s, television critics praised Jennings for his insistence on not letting the O.J. Simpson murder case swamp the newscast.Ref_label|D|d|none Instead, Jennings devoted his energies to covering the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina, anchoring three hour-long prime time specials on the subject and one Saturday-morning special aimed at children. ABC dedicated more time to covering the conflict than any other network from 1992 to 1996. Jennings received the Goldsmith Career Award for Excellence in Journalism from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, in large part for his passion for the story."The Harvard Crimson" (March 15, 1996). " [http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=91615 ABC Anchor Receives IOP Journalism Award] ". "The Harvard Crimson". Retrieved on January 4, 2007.] Jennings was also credited for raising the profile in the U.S. of another international story, the 1995 Quebec referendum. The Canadian press in particular raved about his in-depth coverage of the issue, and he was the only anchor to broadcast from Canada on the eve of the referendum.Quill, Greg (October 31, 1995). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/thestar/access/21281742.html?dids=21281742:21281742&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Jennings' passion the only one on U.S. TV] " (fee required). "The Toronto Star" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. C4. Retrieved on January 4, 2007.]

Despite these critical successes, in 1996, "World News Tonight" started gradually slipping in the ratings race. Bolstered by strong viewership of its coverage of the 1996 Summer Olympic Games, NBC's "Nightly News" overtook the ABC newscast for two weeks in late July and early September.Huff, Richard (July 31, 1996). "NBC News Brings Home the Gold". "New York Daily News" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 72. Retrieved on January 5, 2007.] This short bump provided momentum for NBC, which started making steady gains in the ratings. Worried, Jennings and ABC decided to cut back on international reporting and give more air time to "soft stories", in an effort to emulate the success of "Nightly News". The changes provoked a backlash from regular viewers, and ratings plummeted. "We did very badly with it," Jennings said. "The audience kicked us in the teeth." Although changes were made to "World News Tonight" to restore its luster and stop the hemorrhaging, "Nightly News" ended 1997 as the number one evening newscast.Bauder, David ("Associated Press") (December 26, 1997). "Long Slide for Evening News Shows Appears Over". "The Oregonian" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D08. Retrieved on January 5, 2007.]

The slide in the ratings coincided with some rockiness at ABC News. The company scrapped plans to develop a cable news channel. On March 6, 1997, ABC announced that David Westin would be taking over as president of its news division for Roone Arledge in June 1998. Both denied that the disappointing ratings performance of "World News Tonight" contributed to the decision.Bauder, David ("Associated Press") (March 8, 1997). "ABC changes top posts at news division". "Chicago Sun-Times" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 24. Retrieved on January 5, 2007.] A 24-hour strike by the National Association of Broadcast Employees & Technicians disrupted ABC's coverage of 1998's November elections after talks between the union and ABC broke down. Several Democratic candidates denied interviews to support the union, forcing Jennings to explain to viewers why ABC was not interviewing Democrats.Sharkey, Betsy (November 9, 1998). "Lockout Hampers ABC News". "Mediaweek" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ". Retrieved on January 5, 2007.]

None of the shake-ups helped Jennings retake the nightly ratings crown, but "World News Tonight" still offered stiff competition at second place. As the millennium approached, Jennings and the network started preparing for extensive retrospectives of the 20th century. The anchor teamed with former "Life" magazine journalist Todd Brewster to pen "The Century", a 606-page book on 20th century America. Designed as a companion book for ABC's upcoming documentary series of the same name, the book topped the "New York Times" Best Seller List in December 1998, a month after it debuted."The New York Times" (December 20, 1998). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D03E5DB113AF933A15751C1A96E958260 BEST SELLERS: December 20, 1998] ". "The New York Times", s. 7, p. 26. Retrieved on April 27, 2008.] On March 29, 1999, Jennings anchored the first installment of ABC's 12-hour miniseries, "The Century"; production on the monumental project started in 1990, and by the time it aired, it had cost the network $25 million.Ref_label|E|e|none Jennings also anchored a longer, 15-hour version, "", on the History Channel in April 1999.

On December 31, 1999, Jennings was on the air for 23 straight hours to anchor "ABC 2000 Today", ABC's massive millennium eve special. An estimated 175 million people tuned into at least a portion of the program."CNN" (January 3, 2000). [http://archives.cnn.com/2000/SHOWBIZ/TV/01/03/tv.2000/index.html ABC has another reason to celebrate: ratings] . "CNN". Retrieved on January 9, 2007.] Jennings' American prime-time audience, an estimated 18.6 million viewers, easily outpaced the millennium coverage of rival networks.Sharkey, Betsy (January 5, 2000). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/47653387.html?dids=47653387:47653387&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT The Eye Has It: 'Prairie,'The Week's Most-Watched Show] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. C07. Retrieved on January 9, 2007.] Television critics praised the program, and described the anchor as "superhuman".Tom, Shales (January 1, 2000). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/47587616.html?dids=47587616:47587616&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT As the Century Turns: Technicolor Wonders Linking the World] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. C01. Retrieved on January 9, 2007.] Although production costs totaled a hefty $11 million (compared with $2 million each for NBC's and CBS's millennium projects), ABC managed to make a profit of $5 million.Johnson, Peter (January 4, 2000). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/49074824.html?dids=49074824:49074824&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Millennium marathon wins ABC ratings, $5M] " (fee required). "USA Today" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D04. Retrieved on January 9, 2007.] The success of the program, though, failed to transfer into any lasting change in the viewership of "World News Tonight"; ABC's evening newscast spent the first week of January as ratings leader, before dropping back to second place.Huff, Richard (January 12, 2000). "Ratings: ABC 'News' Loses Its Glow". "New York Daily News" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 84. Retrieved on January 9, 2007.]

eptember 11

No event tested Jennings' anchoring duties more than the September 11, 2001 attacks. He anchored ABC's coverage of that day's events for 17 straight hours, an effort described as "Herculean" by television critics.Shales, Tom (September 12, 2001). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/80389759.html?dids=80389759:80389759&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT On Television, The Unimaginable Story Unfolds] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. C01. Retrieved on January 11, 2007.] Like other network news anchors, he was widely praised for guiding Americans through the tragedy. At one point, Jennings broke his composure after receiving phone calls from his children. "We do not very often make recommendations for people's behavior from this chair," he said, "but...if you're a parent, you've got a kid in some other part of the country, call them up. Exchange observations."Robertson, Lori (November 2001). " [http://www.ajr.org/article.asp?id=2386 Showing Emotion] ". "American Journalism Review". Retrieved on January 11, 2007.]

His coverage was not without controversy though. After conservative radio host Rush Limbaugh blasted Jennings for supposedly denigrating President George W. Bush on-air during September 11, ABC was flooded with more than 10,000 angry phone calls and e-mails. Jennings, however, never made the remarks, and Limbaugh later apologized and made a retraction.Belcher, Walt (September 27, 2001). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/tampatribune/access/82253073.html?dids=82253073:82253073&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT In A Rush To Bash Jennings, Limbaugh Misquotes Newscaster] " (fee required). "Tampa Tribune" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 4. Retrieved on January 11, 2007.] On September 13, Jennings received more criticism from conservatives — this time for hosting a forum for Middle East experts that included his former girlfriend, Hanan Ashrawi.Shales, Tom (September 17, 2001). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/80829880.html?dids=80829880:80829880&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT The Broadcast Networks, Putting Telling Above Selling] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. C01. Retrieved on January 11, 2007.] In the summer of 2002, Jennings and ABC refused to allow Toby Keith to open their coverage of July 4 celebrations with "Courtesy of the Red, White, & Blue", prompting criticism from Keith and country music fans, who highlighted the anchor's Canadian citizenship.Cuprisin, Tim (June 18, 2002). "Ruckus over show was a lot of hot air". "Milwaukee Journal Sentinel" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. B06. Retrieved on January 18, 2007.]

The events of September 11 added new meaning to "In Search of America", the project Jennings and Brewster started after the success of their previous collaboration. The two began writing the book in early 2001; after the terrorist attacks, they revisited many of the people they had interviewed to see how the events had affected them.Hogan, Ron (August 5, 2002). "PW Talks with Peter Jennings and Todd Brewster". "Publishers Weekly" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 65. Retrieved on January 18, 2007.] To promote the book, the anchor and "World News Tonight" started a 50-state tour of the United States in April 2002 as part of a yearlong project, "50 States/One Nation/One Year". Jennings also anchored a six-part television series in September 2002, which featured the same name as the book. Despite the success of the TV series and heavy promotion by the book's publisher, "In Search of America" failed to generate much interest or sales.Colford, Paul D. (October 2, 2002). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/nydailynews/access/202263091.html?dids=202263091:202263091&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Readers Not Buying Jennings' 9/11 Book] " (fee required). "New York Daily News" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. 31. Retrieved on January 18, 2007.]

His work on "In Search of America" and the September 11 attacks contributed to his decision in 2003 to become a dual citizen of Canada and the United States. "I think that 9/11 and the subsequent travel I did in the country afterwards made me feel connected in new ways," he said. "And when we were working on the America project I spent a lot of time on the road, which meant away from my editor's desk, and I just got much more connected to the Founding Fathers' dreams and ideas for the future."Boswell, Randy (July 8, 2003). "Why Peter Jennings chose to become an American". "Ottawa Citizen" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. A1. Retrieved on January 18, 2007.] His work had prepared him well for the citizenship test, which he easily passed. "Can you imagine I, who just finished a whole series on America and had been an anchorperson for an American broadcast...could you imagine if I had failed?" he asked. "It would have been horrendous."Johnson, Peter (July 9, 2003). " [http://www.usatoday.com/life/2003-07-08-jennings_x.htm Canadian Peter Jennings becomes a U.S. citizen] ". "USA Today", p. D3. Retrieved on January 18, 2007.] The anchor's formal pledge of allegiance took place at a regular citizenship ceremony on May 30 in Lower Manhattan. The occasion overwhelmed him. "I went in the front door and came out the front door. They were regular people. They were very touching. And I cried a little bit — my kids didn't cry, but I cried a bit — but I'm a fairly emotional character anyway."

Leaving the chair

By late 2004, Brokaw had retired from his anchoring duties at NBC, ceding the reins to Brian Williams; Rather planned to step down in March 2005. Jennings and ABC saw an opportunity to gain viewers, and initiated a publicity blitz touting the anchor's foreign reporting experience. However, despite having almost always reported from the scene of any major news story, Jennings was sidelined by an upper respiratory infection in late December 2004; he was forced to anchor from New York during the aftermath of the Asian tsunami, while his competitors traveled to the region. For Jennings, the situation was agonizing.Steinberg, Jacques (January 10, 2005). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9405E4DE1F39F933A25752C0A9639C8B63 Reporting Live From Hell: TV Scrambles for Glory] ". "The New York Times", p. E1. Retrieved on April 27, 2008.] In late March, viewers started noticing that Jennings' voice sounded uncharacteristically gravelly and unhealthy during evening newscasts. On April 1, 2005, he anchored "World News Tonight" for the last time; his health also prevented him from covering the death and funeral of Pope John Paul II. On April 5, 2005, Jennings informed viewers through a taped message on "World News Tonight" that he had been diagnosed with lung cancer, and was starting chemotherapy treatment the following week. "As some of you now know, I have learned in the last couple of days that I have lung cancer," he said. "Yes, I was a smoker until about 20 years ago, and I was weak and I smoked over 9/11. But whatever the reason, the news does slow you down a bit."Stanley, Alessandra (April 6, 2005). " [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/06/business/media/06watch.html?ex=1168750800&en=87d9e186aa945e9a&ei=5070 Jennings Delivers His News in Character] ". "The New York Times", p. A6. Retrieved on January 12, 2007.] Although he stated his intention to continue anchoring whenever possible, the message was to be his last appearance on television.

Throughout the summer, Charles Gibson, co-host of "Good Morning America", and Elizabeth Vargas, co-host of "20/20", served as temporary anchors. On April 29, 2005 Jennings posted a letter on ABCNews.com with an update of his status and expressing thanks to those who had offered him their good wishes and prayers.Jennings, Peter (April 29, 2005). " [http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/story?id=715587 Letter From Peter Jennings] ". "ABC News". Retrieved on January 12, 2007.] In June, Jennings visited the ABC News headquarters, and addressed staff members in an emotional speech; he thanked Gibson for closing each broadcast with the phrase, "for Peter Jennings and all of us at ABC News."He posted another short letter of thanks on July 29, 2005, his 67th birthday.Jennings, Peter (July 29, 2005). " [http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/story?id=990381 July 29, 2005: Jennings Says 'Many Thanks' for Birthday Wishes] ". "ABC News". Retrieved on January 12, 2007.]

Death

On August 7, 2005, just after 11:30 PM EDT, Gibson broke into local news in the Eastern US and regular programming on ABC's western affiliates to announce Jennings' death from lung cancer. He read a short statement from the family, and disclosed that Jennings had died in his New York apartment with his wife, two children, and sister at his side."CNN" (August 8, 2005). " [http://www.cnn.com/2005/SHOWBIZ/TV/08/07/jennings.obit/ Peter Jennings dies of lung cancer] ". "CNN". Retrieved on January 15, 2007.] The anchor's ABC colleagues, including Barbara Walters, Diane Sawyer, and Ted Koppel shared their thoughts on Jennings' passing. The next morning, Brokaw and Rather fondly remembered their former rival on the morning news shows. "Peter, of the three of us, was our prince," said Brokaw on "Today". "He seemed so timeless. He had such élan and style.""Associated Press" (August 8, 2005). " [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8864210/ ABC News anchor Peter Jennings dies at 67] ". "MSNBC". Retrieved on January 15, 2007.] American President George W. Bush and the Canadian Prime Minister, Paul Martin, offered statements of condolence to the press.Bush, George W. (August 8, 2005). " [http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2005/08/20050808-1.html Statement by the President on Death of Peter Jennings] ". Office of the Press Secretary, The White House. Retrieved on January 16, 2007.] Martin, Paul (August 8, 2005). " [http://www.pco.gc.ca/default.asp?Language=E&Page=archivemartin&Sub=statementsdeclarations&Doc=statement_20050808_561_e.htm Statement by the Prime Minister on the death of Peter Jennings] ". Privy Council Office. Retrieved on January 16, 2007.]

On August 10, 2005, ABC aired a two-hour special, "Peter Jennings: Reporter", with archival clips of his reports and interviews with colleagues and friends. The special drew over 9 million viewers, and was the most watched television program of the night.Aurther, Kate (August 12, 2005). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9407E2DE153EF931A2575BC0A9639C8B63 Arts, Briefly; Jennings Tribute Leads the Night] ". "The New York Times", p. E5. Retrieved on January 15, 2007.] For the week of his death, "World News Tonight" placed number one in the ratings race for the first time since June 2004.Aurther, Kate (August 18, 2005). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F00E5D9133EF93BA2575BC0A9639C8B63 Arts, Briefly; News of the News] ". "The New York Times", p. E1. Retrieved on April 27, 2008.]

Jennings' fourth wife, Kayce Freed, [Williams, Jeannie (December 9, 1997). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/23545113.html?dids=23545113:23545113&FMT=ABS Peter Jennings weds his longtime love] ". "USA Today", p. 2D. Retrieved on December 23, 2007.] [Rose, Charlie (December 19, 2007). " [http://video.google.com/googleplayer.swf?docId=-8938872155409986441:713000:1525000&hl=en A discussion about the life and work of Peter Jennings] ". "Charlie Rose Show", video. Retrieved on December 25, 2007.] and family held a private service in New York, where the anchor's cremated remains were split in half. Half of his ashes remained in his home in Long Island and the other half was placed in his summer home in the Gatineau Hills, near Ottawa.Heller, Aron (August 11, 2005). "In final days, Jennings became member of Order of Canada: ABC anchor 'very tickled' by honour, sister says". "Ottawa Citizen" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. A1. Retrieved on January 15, 2007.] The 57th Primetime Emmy Awards on September 18, 2005 included a tribute to Jennings by Brokaw and Rather.Steinberg, Jacques (September 19, 2005). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CEFDF1630F93AA2575AC0A9639C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all 'Lost' and 'Raymond' Garner Top Emmys] ". "The New York Times", p. E1. Retrieved on April 27, 2008.] A public memorial service for Jennings was held two days later at Carnegie Hall. Notable journalists, political leaders, and other friends of Jennings attended.Lee, Felicia R. (September 21, 2005). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B05E5D71630F932A1575AC0A9639C8B63 Friends and Colleagues Celebrate the Life of Peter Jennings] ". "The New York Times", p. C17. Retrieved on April 27, 2008.] On December 5, 2005, after much speculation, and nearly eight months after Jennings stopped anchoring, ABC named Vargas and Bob Woodruff co-anchors for "World News Tonight".

Honors

Jennings won numerous honors throughout his career, including 16 Emmys and two George Foster Peabody Awards. His work on "World News Tonight" and "Peter Jennings Reporting" consistently won Overseas Press Club and duPont-Columbia awards. At the peak of his popularity, Jennings was named "Best Anchor" by the "Washington Journalism Review" in 1988, 1989, 1990, and 1992. The Radio and Television News Directors Association awarded Jennings its highest honor, the Paul White Award in 1995, in recognition of his lifetime contributions to journalism." [http://www.rtnda.org/asfi/awards/white.shtml RTNDA Paul White Award] ". Radio and Television News Directors Association. Retrieved on January 17, 2007.] In 2004, he was awarded with the Edward R. Murrow Award for Lifetime Achievement in Broadcasting from Washington State University.Washington State University (April 14, 2004). " [http://www.wsu.edu/murrow/archive-symposium-pages/04-jennings.html Washington State University Honors Peter Jennings with the Edward R. Murrow Award] ". Washington State University. Retrieved on January 17, 2007.]

Just eight days before his death, Jennings was informed that he would be inducted into the Order of Canada, the nation's highest civilian honor. His daughter, Elizabeth, accepted the insignia on his behalf in October 2005. On February 21, 2006, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg designated the block on West 66th Street between Columbus Avenue and Central Park West as "Peter Jennings Way" in honor of the late anchor; the block is home to the ABC News headquarters.ABC News (February 21, 2006). " [http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/PeterJennings/story?id=1644803&page=1 ABC News Location Named Peter Jennings Way] ". ABC News. Retrieved on January 17, 2007.] In October 2006, The Walt Disney Company, which bought ABC in 1996, posthumously named Jennings a Disney Legend, the company's highest honor. He was the first ABC News employee so honored.The Walt Disney Company (October 9, 2006). " [http://corporate.disney.go.com/news/corporate/2006/2006_1009_disney_legends.html Sir Elton John among 12 honorees to receive prestigious Disney Legends] ". The Walt Disney Company. Retrieved on January 17, 2007.]

Publications

Articles

* "Moose Jaw, U.S.A.? Never! Jamais!" "Maclean's", p. 86. June 25, 1990.
* "TV's opportunity for service at Geneva." "Christian Science Monitor", p. 28. November 12, 1985.
* with Todd Brewster. " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B05EFDA1539F934A15752C0A9659C8B63&sec=&spon=&partner=permalink&exprod=permalink Variations for Four Hands On a Theme by Tocqueville] ." "The New York Times", p. E1. January 27, 2003.

Books

* with Todd Brewster. "The Century". London: Doubleday (1999). ISBN 0385483279.
* with Todd Brewster. "The Century for Young People". New York: Random House (1999). ISBN 0385327080.
* with Todd Brewster. "In Search of America". New York: Hyperion (2002). ISBN 0786867086.

Miscellaneous

Notes

a.Note_label|A|a|noneJennings' debut program led with coverage of Korean Air Lines Flight 007. It also featured stories on the resignation of Israeli Prime Minister Menahem Begin, violent clashes in Lebanon, labor unions, and tennis' US Open.Jennings, Peter (Anchor) (September 5, 1983). "World News Tonight with Peter Jennings". ABC News. Summary available online through the [http://tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/ Vanderbilt Television News Archive] .]

b.Note_label|B|b|noneJennings' performance during the 1984 presidential campaign was analyzed in a 1986 study led by Syracuse University professor Brian Mullen. He concluded that Jennings "exhibited a facial expression bias in favor of Reagan".Mullen, Brian et al (August 1986). "Newscasters' facial expressions and voting behavior of viewers: Can a smile elect a President?". "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology" 51 (2), 291–95.] Mullen's team repeated the study to analyze Jennings' performance in the 1988 presidential election, concluding that the ABC anchor again favored a Republican candidate.Gentry, Carol (August 20, 1991). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/sptimes/access/50652725.html?dids=50652725:50652725&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Jennings' smile may sway votes] " (fee required). "St. Petersburg Times" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D1. Retrieved on December 21, 2006.] Television critic Tom Shales also noticed a pro-Reagan bias in Jennings' reporting, referring to ABC as "a news organization that is already considered the White House favorite" in May 1985.Shales, Tom (May 6, 1985). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/141873592.html?dids=141873592:141873592&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI On the Air; Anchor Away; TV's Big Morning Without Dan Rather] " (fee required). "The Washington Post" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. B1. Retrieved on December 8, 2006.]

c.Note_label|C|c|noneABC News "had its highest evening newscast rating ever the first week in the war, and two nights of its prime-time coverage were among the 10 most-watched shows on television".

d.Note_label|D|d|none"Of a combined total of 1,592 minutes of O.J. [Simpson] coverage in the year after the murders of Nicole Simpson and Ron Goldman, ABC had the least: 423 minutes, compared to 589 minutes on NBC and 580 on CBS."Lorando, Mark (October 1, 1995). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/timespicayune/access/19260649.html?dids=19260649:19260649&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Jennings back where he started] " (fee required). "Times-Picayune" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. T6. Retrieved on January 4, 2007.] The Simpson trial was the number one news story for NBC and CBS in 1995, while at ABC, coverage of the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina dominated the newscast.Marks, Alexandra (January 12, 1996). " [http://www.csmonitor.com/1996/0112/12121.html Focusing America's Attention on Bosnia] ". "Christian Science Monitor", p. 12. Retrieved on January 4, 2007.] Jennings stated in a 1996 interview that he was satisfied that ABC came in third in terms of O.J. coverage. "I'm very pleased that it didn't crowd out as much of the rest of the world on "World News Tonight" as it did on other broadcasts," he said. "I am very pleased it was not our major story of last year as it was at other networks."Johnson, Peter (March 12, 1996). " [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/16369748.html?dids=16369748:16369748&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT Jennings speaks his piece on TV news and his role] " (fee required). "USA Today" through " [http://www.lexisnexis.com/universe LexisNexis Academic] ", p. D3. Retrieved on January 4, 2007.]

e.Note_label|E|e|noneThe immense scope of "The Century" caused headaches for those developing it. It survived three major changes in narrative approach, three different executive producers, and various attempts to axe the entire project. By the time it aired, all of the people interviewed for their anecdotes of World War I had passed away. Jennings, though, downplayed criticism of the program's rocky history. "Name me a news organization that doesn't have some degree of turmoil on a major project," he said. "What people care about in "The New York Times" is what gets in the paper. It's the same with us. There are people out there who think their job is to set the bar for us, but the bar for me is set by the audience, and I think there is a real hunger out there from everyone I encounter to relive and experience and learn from what's gone on over the last 100 years."Applebome, Peter (March 29, 1999). " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D05E3D91030F93AA15750C0A96F958260 Tricky Path for Ambitious Series] ". "The New York Times", p. E1. Retrieved on April 27, 2008.]

References

Further reading

Books


*Alan, Jeff. "Anchoring America: The Changing Face of Network News". Chicago: Bonus Books (2003). ISBN 156625194X.
*Arledge, Roone. "Roone: A Memoir". New York: HarperCollins (2003). ISBN 0060197331.
*Bliss, Edward. "Now the News: the Story of Broadcast Journalism". New York: Columbia University (1991). ISBN 023104402X.
*Darnton, Kate, Kaycee Jennings, and Lynn Sherr, eds. "Peter Jennings - A Reporter's Life". New York: PublicAffairs (2007). ISBN 1586485172.
*Fensch, Thomas, editor. "Television News Anchors: An Anthology of Profiles of the Major Figures and Issues in United States Network Reporting". Jefferson, North Carolina: MacFarland (1993). ISBN 0899507697.
*Goldberg, Robert, and Gerald Jay Goldberg. "Anchors: Brokaw, Jennings, Rather, and the Evening News". Secaucus, New Jersey: Carol (1990). ISBN 1559720190.
*Goldenson, Leonard. "Beating the Odds: The Untold Story Behind the Rise of ABC". New York: Scribners (1991). ISBN 0684190559.
*Gunther, Marc. "The House that Roone Built: the Inside Story of ABC News". Boston: Little, Brown (1994). ISBN 0316331511.
*Matusow, Barbara. "The Evening Stars: the Making of the Network News Anchor". Boston: Houghton Mifflin (1983). ISBN 0395339685.

Online


* [http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/presspol/news_events/news_archive/2004/DNC_Press_and_Election04.pdf Transcript: The Press and the Election] . John F. Kennedy School of Government. July 25, 2004.
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0006/15/lkl.00.html Larry King Live Transcript: Peter Jennings Discusses 'The Search for Jesus'] . "CNN". June 15, 2000.
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0009/14/lkl.00.html Larry King Live Transcript: Peter Jennings Discusses 'Family Business'] . "CNN". September 14, 2000.
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0101/17/lkl.00.html Larry King Live Transcript: Peter Jennings Offers His Insights on Current Events] . "CNN". January 27, 2001.
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0204/10/lkl.00.html Larry King Live Transcript: Interview With Peter Jennings] . "CNN". April 10, 2002.
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0209/13/lkl.00.html Larry King Live Transcript: Interview With Peter Jennings] . "CNN". September 13, 2002.
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0309/08/lkl.00.html Larry King Live Transcript: Interview With Peter Jennings] . "CNN". September 8, 2003.
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0404/01/lkl.00.html Larry King Live Transcript: Interview With Peter Jennings] . "CNN". April 1, 2004.
* [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0508/09/lkl.01.html Larry King Live Transcript: Peter Jennings Remembered; Panel Discusses Lung Cancer] . "CNN". August 9, 2005.
*Robertson, Lori (November 2001). [http://www.ajr.org/article.asp?id=2385 Anchoring the Nation] . "American Journalism Review".

External links

*imdb name|id=0421233|title=Peter Jennings
*tvtome person|id=116591|title=Peter Jennings
* [http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/PeterJennings/ ABC News: Peter Jennings]
* [http://www.thedocumentarygroup.com/ The Documentary Group, successor to PJ Productions, the production company of Peter Jennings]
* [http://www.constitutioncenter.org/jennings/ The Peter Jennings Project for Journalism and the Constitution] at the National Constitution Center

Persondata
NAME=Jennings, Peter Charles Archibald Ewart
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Jennings, Peter
SHORT DESCRIPTION=News anchor
DATE OF BIRTH=July 29, 1938
PLACE OF BIRTH=Toronto, Ontario
DATE OF DEATH=August 7, 2005
PLACE OF DEATH=New York City


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peter Jennings — Peter Jennings, 2002 Peter Charles Jennings (* 29. Juli 1938 in Toronto, Ontario; † 7. August 2005 in New York City, USA) war der führende Nachrichtensprecher (anchorman) des US amerikanischen Senders ABC. Er moderierte die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Jennings — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jennings. Peter Jennings, 2002 Peter Charles Jennings est un journaliste et présentateur de télévision américain, né le 29 juillet 1938 à Toronto au Canada et mort le 7 août 2005 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter Jennings — ➡ Jennings * * * …   Universalium

  • Peter Jennings Reporting — was a continuing series of documentaries produced and hosted by the late ABC News anchor Peter Jennings that aired on ABC. Many of these documentaries were produced by Peter Jennings s production company, PJ Productions, and are currently… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Charles Jennings — Peter Jennings, 2002 Peter Charles Jennings (* 29. Juli 1938 in Toronto, Kanada; † 7. August 2005 in New York City, USA) war der führende Nachrichtensprecher (anchorman) des US amerikanischen Senders ABC. Er moderierte die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Charles Jennings — Peter Jennings Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jennings. Peter Jennings, 2002 Peter Charles Jennings est un journaliste et présentateur de télévision américain, né le 29 juillet 1938 à Toronto au Canada et mort le 7 août 2005. D origine… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jennings — heißen die Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Jennings (Florida) Jennings (Kansas) Jennings (Louisiana) Jennings (Missouri) Jennings (Montana) Jennings (Oklahoma) Jennings (Texas) Jennings (Wisconsin) Jennings County, Verwaltungseinheit in Indiana… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jennings — A surname of early medieval English origin, Jennings can refer to several people, places, or things:People*Adam Jennings, British actor and film director *Alex Jennings, British actor *Brian Jennings, NFL player *Charles Edward Jennings de… …   Wikipedia

  • Jennings — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jennings peut désigner : Patronyme Jennings est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Brandon Jennings (né en 1989), joueur américain de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter Pan (1988 film) — Infobox Film name = Peter Pan image size = caption = director = producer = Roz Phillips writer = Paul Leadon, J. M. Barrie (original author) narrator = starring = music = John Stuart cinematography = editing = Mark D Arcy Irvine, Peter Jennings… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.