Hamama


Hamama

Infobox Former Arab villages in Palestine
name=Hamama


imgsize=200
caption=General view of Hamama
arname=حمامة
meaning="the bath"
altSp=Hamam
district=gz
population=5,070
popyear=1945
area=41,366
areakm=41.4
cause=M
curlocl=Nitzanim, Beit Ezra, Eshkolot
date=4 November 1948 [Benny Morris (2004): "The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited", ISBN 0521009677, p. xix, village #286. Also gives the cause of depopulation as Military assault on settlement.]

Hamama ( _ar. حمامة; also known in Byzantine times as Peleia) was a Palestinian town of 5,812 inhabitants that was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.cite web|title=Welcome to Hamama|publisher=Palestine Remembered|accessdate=2007-12-03|url=http://www.palestineremembered.com/Gaza/Hamama/index.html] It was located 24 kilometers north of Gaza, between Ashkelon and Ashdod.

History

Pre-1948

In 1596, Hamama was a village in the Ottoman nahiya of Gaza (liwa´ of Gaza), with a population of 462. It paid taxes on goats and beehives. [Hütteroth, Wolf-Deiter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 142. Quoted in Walid Khalidi, p. 98.]

Post-1948

Defended by the Egyptian Army, Hamama was nevertheless occupied after an assault by the Giv'ati Brigade on 4 November 1948 during Operation Yoav. All of its inhabitants fled the assault, and the village structures were subsequently completely obliterated.

Walid Khalidi writes of Hamama that: "No traces of village houses or landmarks remain."

The Jewish localities of Nitzanim, Nitzanim Youth Village, Beit Ezra and Eshkolot are located on the former lands of Hamama.

Mohammed Dahlan's family is originally from Hamama.

ee also

* List of villages depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war

Bibliography

*Citation|title=All That Remains|first1=Walid|last1=Khalidi|year=1992|location=Washington D.C.|publisher=Institute for Palestine Studies|ISBN=0887282245
*Citation|title=The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited|first1=Benny |last1=Morris|year=2004|publisher=Cambridge University Press|ISBN=0521009677

References

External links

* [http://www.hamama.ca Hamama's official site]


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