Pancha Tattva (Vaishnavism)
Pancha Tattva is a
Sanskritterm, wherein 'Pancha' means ' five' and ' tattva' means 'truth' or 'reality'. According to Gaudiya Vaishnavatradition, it refers specifically to the Five aspects of Godor Absolute Truth.
In Gaudiya-Vaishnavism these five features of
God( Krishna) are believed to have incarnated on Earthas five people in the late 1400s. Namely Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, NityanandaPrabhu, Advaita Acharya, Gadadhara Pandita, and Srivasa Thakura. They famously spread the Hare Krishnamantra, and the practice of devotion to Krishnathroughout India.
The Five Features
* Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is said to be Krishna (God) Himself, The Supreme Person.
* Nityananda is Krishna's first personal
* Advaita Acharya is a combined incarnation of Lord
Vishnu& Lord Shiva( Harihara).
* Gadadhara is an incarnation of Krishna's internal energy.
* Srivasa is Krishna's pure devotee.
"I bow down to Lord
Krishna, who appears as a devotee (Lord Chaitanya), as His personal expansion (Sri Nityananda), His incarnation (Sri Advaita), His devotee (Sri Srivasa), and His energy (Sri Gadadhara), and who is the source of strength for the devotees." ( Chaitanya Charitamrita[http://vedabase.net/cc/adi/1/14/en Adi 1.14] )
The idea of this concept is somewhat similar to the idea of Christian
trinity- Godexpands into personalities with identical or different powers.
Pancha Tattva mantra
Within the Gaudiya tradition a
mantraformed from the names of the five members of the Pancha Tattva is often spoken or sung as a means of devotional worship or meditation ( japa). Often this mantra is sung or chanted prior to the Hare Krishnamantra. It is believed, by followers, to be the most merciful mantra available in this age of Kali.
::jaya shri-krishna-chaitanya, prabhu-nityananda,::shri-advaita gadadhara, srivasadi gaura-bhakta-vrinda [ [http://www.iskcon.com/basics/panchtattvamantra.html Pancha Tattva mantra] ]
Six Goswamis of Vrindavan
*Rosen, Steven J. "Sri Pancha Tattva: The Five Features of God" 1994 ISBN 0-9619763-7-3 Folk Books, New York
* [http://www.panchatattva.com Sri Pancha Tattva Mayapur]
* [http://caitanyacaritamrta.com/adi/7/5/en1 Explanation of the Pancha-Tattva]
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