—  Municipal City  —
Korean transcription(s)
 - Hangul 오산시
 - Hanja 烏山市
 - Revised Romanization Osan-si
 - McCune-Reischauer Osan-si

Emblem of Osan
Country  South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Administrative divisions 6 dong
 - Total 42.76 km2 (16.5 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 - Total 120,763
 - Density 2,824.2/km2 (7,314.6/sq mi)
 - Dialect Seoul

Osan is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea, approximately 35 km south of Seoul. The population of the city is around 120,000. The local economy is supported by a mix of agricultural and industrial enterprises.

It is famous for one of the largest markets in South Korea, Osan Market, which has been in continuous operation since 1792.[citation needed] The city was the scene of brutal battles with communist forces during the Korean War in 1950 (see Battle of Osan), before being liberated by American forces soon afterwards; there is a statue dedicated to UN forces on the outskirts of the city.

The United States Air Force base named after the city, Osan AB, is not actually located in the city, but is instead 8 km (5 mi) south, in the Songtan section (formerly a separate city) of Pyeongtaek.



Osan came to be called by its current name in 1914, at the time of a general reorganization of local governments under Japanese rule. At that time it became Osan-myeon, part of Suwon. This name in turn was taken from that of a local stream, the Osancheon. However, prior to the Japanese occupation, the name had been rendered in hanja as 鰲山, meaning "soft-shelled turtle mountain." Because of the complexity of the 鰲 ("o") character, and because crows were abundant in the area, the Japanese changed the name to 烏山, meaning "bird mountain."[citation needed] This name has been retained to this day even as a surname in India.


  • based on the data created in dec 2006
Population: 138,456
Daily Deaths: 1.1
Daily Marriage: 3.7
Daily Divorce: 0.9
Fires a Day: 0.3
Students per Teacher: 29
Number of Cars: 46,534

Sister cities


Kyochon, a fried chicken chain, has its head office in Osan.[1]

See also


  1. ^ "Contact." Kyochon. Retrieved on November 3, 2009.

External links

Coordinates: 37°12′N 126°56′E / 37.2°N 126.933°E / 37.2; 126.933

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Osan — Hangul : 오산시 Hanja : 烏山市 Romanisation révisée : Osan si McCune Reischauer: Osan si …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Osán — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • osan — osan, osanna obs. ff. hosanna …   Useful english dictionary

  • Osan — Original name in latin Osan Name in other language Osan, Osan ni, Usan ri, osan State code KR Continent/City Asia/Seoul longitude 37.15222 latitude 127.07056 altitude 22 Population 158978 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Osan-si — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Osan si Country and Admin Code KR.13.8393795 KR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • -osan — o|san [↑ ose (1) u. ↑ an (3)]: 1) veraltetes Suffix in Trivialnamen von ↑ Anhydrozuckern (Glykosanen); 2) nicht IUPAC konformes, dennoch weit verbreitetes Suffix in den Gruppennamen von Homoglykanen, z. B. Fructosan, Chitosan, Pentosane, [Poly… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Osan — This ancient name is of Anglo Saxon and Old Scandinavian origin, and is developed from the Olde English pre 7th Century personal name Osmund , composed of the elements os , a god, with mund , protection. Both this name and the independent Old… …   Surnames reference

  • Osan Air Base — Part of Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) Located near: Osan, South Korea …   Wikipedia

  • Osan Station — Korean name Hangul 오산역 …   Wikipedia

  • Osan College Station — Korean name Hangul 오산대역 Hanja 烏 …   Wikipedia

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