Laodice I

Laodice I was the first wife, and likely the cousin, of Antiochus II Theos of the Seleucid dynasty. He repudiated her and her children, when (as part of a peace treaty with Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt in 250 BC) he agreed to marry Berenice, Ptolemy II's daughter; and declared his eldest son by Berenice his heir.

According to Eusebius, Laodice I was a daughter of Achaeus, probably the same as the father of Antiochis, who was mother of Attalus I, king of Pergamus.

When Ptolemy died in 246 BC, Antiochus took Laodice back but died immediately thereafter (she is said to have poisoned him). Berenice's son was less than four years old, and Laodice argued that her eldest son, Seleucus, had been named heir to the throne by Antiochus on his deathbed. Laodice had Berenice and her son murdered, which began the Third Syrian War (also known as the Laodicean War) between the newly crowned Seleucus and Ptolemy III of Egypt, Berenice's brother.

During the course of this war, Laodice attempted to take control over the Empire by insisting that Seleucus make his younger brother Antiochus Hierax co-regent and give him all Seleucid territory in Anatolia. Antiochus promptly declared independence and began fighting a war with his brother. This disunity undermined Seleucus' ability to fight the war, and he lost in 241 BC.

There is no little information regarding Laodice's death, but she seems to have died before 236 BC.

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  • Laodice — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Laodice ou Laodicé (Laodikê) est un nom porté par différentes personnalités féminines de la mythologie grecque et de nombreuses reines ou princesses… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Laodice — puede referirse a : Laodice I Primera esposa de Antíoco II Theos. Laodice II n. 265 a. C. esposa de Seleuco II Calinico. Laodice III (n. 240 a. C.) esposa de Antíoco III Megas. Laodice de Macedonia era la madre de Seleuco …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laodice I — Laodice I, primera esposa, y probablemente prima, de Antíoco II Theos de la dinastía Seléucida. Él la repudió a ella y a su hijo cuando, en el marco de un tratado de paz con Ptolomeo II de Egipto en el 250 a. C., Antíoco se casó con con …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laodice II — Hija de Andrómaco, nació en 265 a. C. Se casó con Seleuco II Calinico, rey de Siria, hijo de Antíoco II Teos, rey de Siria y Laodice I. Descendencia de Laodice II y Seleuco II: Antíoco III Megas, Rey de Siria (242 a. C.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laodice II — Laodice (in Greek Λαοδικη; lived in the 3rd century BC), wife of Seleucus II Callinicus, was, according to the express statement of Polybiusrf|1|Poly 4.51 8.22, a daughter of Andromachus ,and sister of Achaeus. She was the mother of Seleucus III… …   Wikipedia

  • Laodice — LAODĬCE, es, Gr. Λαοδίκη, ης, eine Nymphe, mit welcher Phoroneus den Apis und die Niobe zeugete. Apollod. l. II. c. 1. §. 1 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Laodice [1] — LAODĬCE, es, des Cinyras Tochter, mit welcher Elatus den Stymphalus und Pereus zeugete. Apollod. l. III. c. 9. §. 1 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Laodice [2] — LAODĬCE, es, (⇒ Tab. XXXI.) eine von des Priamus und der Hekuba Töchtern. Apollod. l. III. c. 11. §. 5. Sie verliebete sich in den Akamas, da er mit dem Diomedes, als Gesandter der Griechen, zu ihrem Vater kam. Weil sie sich nun schämete, ihr… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Laodice [3] — LAODĬCE, es, (⇒ Tab. XIX.) Agapenors Tochter, erbauete der paphischen Venus einen Tempel in Arkadien, ungeachtet sie sich selbst in Cypern befand, wohin ihr Vater auf seinem Rückwege von Troja war verschlagen worden. Pausan. Arcad. c. 53. p. 540 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Laodice [4] — LAODĬCE, es, (⇒ Tab. XXX.) eine von Agamemnons dreyen Töchtern, welche er dem Achilles anboth, ihn damit wieder zu besänftigen. Homer. Il. 1. v. 145. & 287. Sie wurde aber auch von ihrer ausnehmenden Schönheit oder beständigen Jungfrauschaft… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

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