USS Joseph E. Campbell (DE-70)

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Career (United States)
Ordered: 1942
Builder: Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard
Laid down: 29 March 1943
Launched: 26 June 1943
Commissioned: 23 September 1943
Reclassified: APD-48, 24 November 1944
Decommissioned: 15 November 1946
Fate: Sold to Chile, 15 November 1966
Struck: 1 December 1966
Career (Chile)
Name: Riquelme (APD-28)
Acquired: 15 November 1966
Fate: Used as parts hulk and scrapped
General characteristics
Class and type: Buckley-class destroyer escort
Displacement: 1,400 long tons (1,422 t) light
1,740 long tons (1,768 t) standard
Length: 306 ft (93 m)
Beam: 37 ft (11 m)
Draft: 9 ft 6 in (2.90 m) standard
11 ft 3 in (3.43 m) full load
Propulsion: 2 × boilers
General Electric turbo-electric drive
12,000 shp (8.9 MW)
2 × solid manganese-bronze 3,600 lb (1,600 kg) 3-bladed propellers, 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m) diameter, 7 ft 7 in (2.31 m) pitch
2 × rudders
359 tons fuel oil
Speed: 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph)
Range: 3,700 nmi (6,900 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph)
6,000 nmi (11,000 km) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement: 15 officers, 198 men
Armament: • 3 × 3"/50 caliber guns
• 1 × quad 1.1"/75 caliber gun
• 8 × single 20 mm guns
• 1 × triple 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
• 1 × Hedgehog anti-submarine mortar
• 8 × K-gun depth charge projectors
• 2 × depth charge tracks

USS Joseph E. Campbell (DE-70/APD-49 ), a Buckley-class destroyer escort of the United States Navy, was named in honor of Ensign Joseph Eugene Campbell (1919–1942), who was killed in action while engaging the enemy on 9 August 1942.

Joseph E. Campbell was laid down on 29 March 1943 at the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Hingham, Massachusetts; launched on 26 June 1943, sponsored by Mrs. Marie S. Campbell, mother of Ensign Campbell; and commissioned on 23 September 1943, with Lieutenant commander J. F. Bowling, in command.

Contents

Service history

After shakedown off Bermuda, Joseph E. Campbell departed Boston, Massachusetts, on 11 October; and, after escorting a convoy to Derry, Northern Ireland, returned to New York on 16 December. Between 31 December 1943 and 8 October 1944, the destroyer escort made three convoy escort voyages to French North Africa.

Returning to New York from the last voyage on 8 October, conversion to a Charles Lawrence-class high speed transport began, and Joseph E. Campbell was reclassified APD-49 on 24 November 1944. After exercises and training along the East Coast, the high speed transport departed Key West on 8 March 1945, arriving at Pearl Harbor on 8 April via the Panama Canal and San Diego. Departing Pearl Harbor on 29 April, she steamed to Eniwetok, where she rendezvoused with two merchant ships and escorted them to Leyte.

For the next three months Joseph E. Campbell served as anti-submarine screen for LST groups in and out of Okinawa. On 1 September, she departed Cebu Island, as part of the screen for occupation forces for Japan, where she arrived eight days later. Joseph E. Campbell continued her escort duties between Japan and the Philippines until returning to the East Coast in December. After visiting Philadelphia and Norfolk, Virginia, she steamed to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and San Juan, Puerto Rico, where she embarked passengers and returned to Morehead City, North Carolina, on 31 March 1946.

After visits to Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Hampton Roads, Joseph E. Campbell arrived at Charleston, South Carolina, on 22 May for inactivation. Secured for preservation, she was towed to Green Cove Springs, Florida, where she was decommissioned on 15 November 1946, and joined the Atlantic Reserve Fleet at Orange, Texas. Joseph E. Campbell was struck from the Navy List on 1 December 1966 after being sold to Chile in November 1966 and renamed Riquelme.

In Chilean service

Confusion exists as to her role in the Chilean Navy. Conway's says Riquelme was never commissioned and used only for spare parts to sustain her three sister ships; Serrano (APD-26) (ex-Odum), Orella (APD-27) (ex-Jack C. Robinson), and Virgilio Uribe (APD-29) (ex-Daniel T. Griffin), transferred from the United States at the same time.[1]

However, Jane's Fighting Ships says Riquelme was a commissioned vessel until her being deleted from the Chilean Navy in 1973. In 1971 or 1972, her sister ships were modernized as destroyer escorts, but not Riquelme. Thereafter, according to Jane's, she was used for spare parts. References to her continue through the 1983-84 edition.[2]

Awards

Joseph E. Campbell received one battle star for World War II service.

Bronze star
Bronze star
American Campaign Medal European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal w/ 2 service stars
World War II Victory Medal Navy Occupation Service Medal Philippine Liberation Medal

References

  1. ^ Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1947-1995. Conway Maritime Press. 1995. p. 52. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. 
  2. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships. Jane's Information Group. "1967–68", p.53; "1971–72", p.59; "1972–73", p.61; "1974–75", p.71; "1983–84", p.86. 

External links

  • Photo gallery of USS Joseph E. Campbell at NavSource Naval History



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