Erotophobia is a term used by
psychologiststo describe sexuality on a personality scale. Erotophobes score high on one end of the scale that is characterized by expressions of guilt and fear about sex. Erotophobes are less likely to talk about sex, have more negative reactions to sexually explicit material, and have sex less frequently and with fewer partners over time. In contrast, erotophiles score high on the opposite end of the scale, erotophilia, which is characterized by expressing less guilt about sex, talking about sex more openly, and holding more positive attitudes toward sexually explicit material.
This dimension of personality is used to assess openness to sex and sexuality. It is an important dimension to measure because of the [http://www.sexhealth.org/safersex/safety.shtml health and safety risks] associated with poor sexual education. Research on this personality dimension has shown a correlation between high erotophobia scores and a less consistent use of contraception and a lack of knowledge about human sexuality. The word erotophobia is derived from the name of Eros, the
Greek godof erotic love, and phobia, Greek φόβος for fear".
The word erotophobia has been used by anti-oppression activists to describe sex negative attitudes as a form of discrimination and oppression (akin to
homophobia). In " [http://www.scribd.com/doc/99269/Disability-Sex-Radicalism-and-Political-Agency Disability, Sex Radicalism, and Political Agency] ," Abby Wilkinson argues that "constraints on sexual agency should be recognized as a hallmark of oppression." In " [http://darkdaughta.blogspot.com/2006/02/unpacking-invisible-knapsack-of-sexual.html Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack of Sexual Conservatism] " (after Peggy McIntosh's influential "White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack"), TJ Bryan says, "Since power-based hierarchiesin society form a matrix of domination, I understand that erotophobia occupies a supportive space adjacent to isms and phobias like classism, racism, sexism, ableism, homophobia."
Erotophobia has been criticized as not being a scientifically legitimate concept because it is disjunctively defined. That is, the instruments used to measure it ask several questions about issues related to sexuality. Those things seen as being "sex positive" give high scores on erotophilia and those seen as "sex negative" are given low scores and are seen as erotophobic. However, some questions may be about attitudes toward homosexuality and others may be about attitudes about viewing sexually explicit materials. It is perfectly possible for someone to have positive attitudes about gay people, but have negative ones about sexually explicit materials because these are two different things. Consequently, it is claimed, by being combined into a single measure, things that the creators of the instrument see as "sex-negative" are all lumped together with a kind of guilt by association.
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erotophobia — fear of sex Phobias … Phrontistery dictionary
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Erotophilia — is a term used by psychologists to describe sexuality on a personality scale. Erotophiles score high on one end of the scale that is characterized by expressing less guilt about sex, talking about sex more openly, and holding more positive… … Wikipedia
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