- USS Ticonderoga (CV-14)
The fourth USS "Ticonderoga" (CV-14/CVA-14/CVS-14) of the
United States Navywas an aircraft carrier.
The ship was laid down as "Hancock" on
1 February 1943at Newport News, Virginia, by the Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co.; renamed "Ticonderoga" on 1 May 1943, launched on 7 February 1944, sponsored by Miss Stephanie Sarah Pell, and commissioned at the Norfolk Navy Yardon 8 May 1944, Captain Dixie Kieferin command. The name itself refers to the historic Fort Ticonderogawhich played a part in early American history. It was the first of the "long-hull" sub-class of "Essex" Class carriers, and is often considered the lead ship of the "Ticonderoga" class.
"Ticonderoga" remained at Norfolk for almost two months outfitting and embarking
Air Group 80. On 26 June, the carrier shaped a course for the British West Indies. She conducted air operations and drills en route and reached Port of Spain, Trinidad, on the 30th. For the next 15 days, "Ticonderoga" trained intensively to weld her air group and crew into an efficient wartime team. She departed the West Indieson 16 Julyand headed back to Norfolk where she arrived on the 22d for post-shakedown repairs and alterations. On 30 August, the carrier headed for Panama. She transited the Panama Canalon 4 Septemberand steamed up the coast to San Diegothe following day. On the 13th, the carrier moored at San Diego where she loaded provisions, fuel, aviation gas, and an additional 77 planes, as well as the Marine Corps aviation and defense units that went with them. On the 19th she steamed for Hawaiiwhere she arrived five days later.
"Ticonderoga" remained at
Pearl Harborfor almost a month. She and "Carina" (AK-74) conducted experiments in the underway transfer of aviation bombs from cargo shipto aircraft carrier. Following those tests, she conducted air operations - day and night landing and antiaircraft defense drills - until 18 Octoberwhen she exited Pearl Harbor and headed for the western Pacific. After a brief stop at Eniwetok, "Ticonderoga" arrived at Ulithi Atoll in the Western Carolineson the 29th. There she embarked Rear Admiral Arthur W. Radford, Commander, Carrier Division 6, and joined Task Force 38as a unit of Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman's Task Group 38.3.
World War II service
The carrier sortied from Ulithi with TF 38 on
2 November 1944. She joined the other carriers as they resumed their extended air cover for the ground forces capturing Leyte. She launched her first air strike on the morning of the 5th. The planes of her air group spent the next two days pummeling enemy shipping near Luzonand air installations on that island. Her planes bombed and strafed the airfields at Zablan, Mandaluyong, and Pasig. They also joined those of other carriers in sending the heavy cruiser"Nachi" to a watery resting place. In addition, "Ticonderoga" pilots claimed six Japanese aircraft shot down and one destroyed on the ground, as well as 23 others damaged.
Around 1600 on the 5th, the enemy retaliated by sending up a flock of
kamikazeplanes. Two of the suicide planes succeeded in slipping through the American combat air patroland antiaircraft fire to crash into "Lexington" (CV-16). "Ticonderoga" emerged from that airborne banzai chargeunscathed and claimed a tally of two splashes. On 6 November, the warship launched two fighter sweeps and two bombing strikes against the Luzon airfields and enemy shipping in the vicinity. Her airmen returned later that day claiming the destruction of 35 Japanese aircraft and attacks on six enemy ships in Manila Bay. After recovering her planes, the carrier retired to the east for a fueling rendezvous.
She refueled and received replacement planes on the 7th and then headed back to continue pounding enemy forces in the
Philippines. Early on the morning of 11 November, her planes combined with others of TF 38 to attack a Japanese reinforcement convoy, just as it was preparing to enter Ormoc Bayfrom the Camotes Sea. Together, the planes accounted for all the enemy transports and four of the seven escorting destroyers. On the 12th and 13th, "Ticonderoga" and her sisters launched strikes at Luzon airfields and docks and shipping around Manila. This raid tallied an impressive score: light cruiser" Kiso", four destroyers, and seven merchant ships. At the conclusion of the raid, TF 38 retired eastward for a refueling breather. "Ticonderoga" and the rest of TG 38.3, however, continued east to Ulithi where they arrived on the 17th to replenish, refuel, and rearm.
22 November, the aircraft carrier departed Ulithi once more and steamed back toward the Philippines. Three days later, she launched air strikes on central Luzon and adjacent waters. Her pilots finished off the heavy cruiser " Kumano", damaged in the Battle off Samar. Later, they attacked an enemy convoy about 15 miles southwest of "Kumano"’s not-so-safe haven in Dasol Bay. Of this convoy, cruiser " Yasoshima", a merchantman, and three landing ships went to the bottom. "Ticonderoga"’s air group rounded out their day of destruction with an aerial rampage which cost the Japanese 15 planes shot down and 11 destroyed on the ground.
While her air group busily pounded the Japanese, "Ticonderoga"’s ship's company also made their presence felt. Just after noon, a torpedo launched by an enemy plane broached in the wake of "Langley" (CVL-27), announcing the approach of an air raid. "Ticonderoga"’s gunners raced to their battle stations as the raiders made both conventional and suicide attacks on the task group. Her sister ship "Essex" (CV-9) erupted in flames when one of the kamikazes crashed into her. When a second suicide plane tried to finish off the stricken carrier, "Ticonderoga"’s gunners joined those firing from other ships in cutting his approach abruptly short. That afternoon, while damage control parties dressed "Essex"’s wounds, "Ticonderoga" extended her hospitality to that damaged carrier's homeless airmen as well as to "Intrepid" (CV-11) pilots in similar straits. The following day, TF 38 retired to the east.
TF 38 stood out of Ulithi again on
11 Decemberand headed for the Philippines. "Ticonderoga" arrived at the launch point early in the afternoon of the 13th and sent her planes aloft to blanket Japanese airbases on Luzon while Army planes took care of those in the central Philippines. For three days, "Ticonderoga" airmen and their comrades wreaked havoc with a storm of destruction on enemy airfields. She withdrew on the 16th with the rest of TF 38 in search of a fueling rendezvous. While attempting to find calmer waters in which to refuel, TF 38 steamed directly through a violent, but unheralded, typhoon. Though the storm cost Admiral Halsey's force three destroyers and over 800 lives, "Ticonderoga" and the other carriers managed to ride it out with a minimum of damage. Having survived the tempest's fury, "Ticonderoga" returned to Ulithi on Christmas Eve.
Repairs occasioned by the typhoon kept TF 38 in the anchorage almost until the end of the month. The carriers did not return to sea until
30 December 1944when they steamed north to hit Formosa and Luzon in preparation for the landings on the latter island at Lingayen Gulf. Severe weather limited the Formosa strikes on 3 Januaryand 4 January 1945and, in all likelihood, obviated the need for them. The warships fueled at sea on the 5th. Despite rough weather on the 6th, the strikes on Luzon airfields were carried out. That day, "Ticonderoga"’s airmen and their colleagues of the other air groups increased their score by another 32 enemy planes. The 7th brought more strikes on Luzon installations. After a fueling rendezvous on the 8th, "Ticonderoga" sped north at night to get into position to blanket Japanese airfields in the Ryūkyūsduring the Lingayen assault the following morning. However, foul weather, the bugaboo of TF 38 during the winter of 1944 and 1945, forced TG 38.3 to abandon the strikes on the Ryūkyū airfields and join TG 38.2 in pounding Formosa.
outh China Sea combat
During the night of
9 Januaryand 10 January, TF 38 steamed boldly through the Luzon Straitand then headed generally southwest, diagonally across the South China Sea. "Ticonderoga" provided combat air patrol coverage on the 11th and helped to bring down four enemy planes which attempted to snoop the formation. Otherwise, the carriers and their consorts proceeded unmolested to a point some 150 to 200 miles (250 to 350 km) off the coast of Indochina. There, on the 12th, they launched their approximately 850 planes and made a series of anti-shipping sweeps during which they sank an incredible 44 ships, totaling over 130,000 tons.
After recovering planes in the late afternoon, the carriers moved off to the northeast. Heavy weather hindered fueling operations on the 13th and 14th, and air searches failed to turn up any tempting targets. On the 15th, fighters swept Japanese airfields on the Chinese coast while the flattops headed for a position from which to strike
Hong Kong. The following morning, they launched anti-shipping bombing raids and fighter sweeps of air installations. Weather prevented air operations on the 17th and again made fueling difficult. It worsened the next day and stopped replenishment operations altogether, so that they were not finally concluded until the 19th. The force then shaped a course generally northward to retransit Luzon Strait via Balintang Channel.
Attacks on South Japanese islands
The three task groups of TF 38 completed their transit during the night of
20 Januaryand 21 January. The next morning, their planes hit airfields on Formosa, in the Pescadores, and at Sakishima Gunto. The good flying weather brought mixed blessings. While it allowed American flight operations to continue through the day, it also allowed for Japanese kamikazeoperations.
Just after noon, a single-engine Japanese plane scored a hit on Langley with a glide-bombing attack. Seconds later, a kamikaze swooped out of the clouds and plunged toward "Ticonderoga". He crashed through her
flight deckabreast of the No. 2 5 inch (127 mm) mount, and his bomb exploded just above her hangar deck. Several planes stowed nearby erupted into flames. Death and destruction abounded, but the ship's company fought valiantly to save the threatened carrier. Capt. Kiefer conned his ship smartly. First, he changed course to keep the wind from fanning the blaze. Then, he ordered magazines and other compartments flooded to prevent further explosions and to correct a 10-degree starboard list. Finally, he instructed the damage control party to continue flooding compartments on "Ticonderoga"’s port side. That operation induced a 10-degree port list which neatly dumped the fire overboard. Firefighters and plane handlers completed the job by dousing the flames and jettisoning burning aircraft.
Wounded denizens of the deep often attract predators. "Ticonderoga" was no exception. The other kamikazes pounced on her like a school of sharks in a feeding frenzy. Her antiaircraft gunners struck back with desperate, but methodical, ferocity and quickly swatted three of her tormentors into the sea. A fourth plane slipped through her barrage and smashed into the carrier's starboard side near the island. His bomb set more planes on fire, riddled her flight deck, and injured or killed another 100 sailors, with Capt. Kiefer one of the wounded. Yet "Ticonderoga"’s crew refused to submit. Spared further attacks, they brought her fires completely under control not long after 1400; and "Ticonderoga" retired painfully.
Repair and relaunch
The stricken carrier arrived at Ulithi on
24 Januarybut remained there only long enough to move her wounded to hospital ship"Samaritan" (AH-10), to transfer her air group to "Hancock" (CV-19), and to embark passengers bound for home. "Ticonderoga" cleared the lagoon on 28 Januaryand headed for the United States. The warship stopped briefly at Pearl Harbor en route to the Puget Sound Navy Yardwhere she arrived on 15 February.
Her repairs were completed on
20 April, and she cleared Puget Soundthe following day for the Alameda Naval Air Station. After embarking passengers and aircraft bound for Hawaii, the carrier headed for Pearl Harbor where she arrived on 1 May. The next day, Air Group 87came on board and, for the next week, trained in preparation for the carrier's return to combat. "Ticonderoga" stood out of Pearl Harbor and shaped a course for the western Pacific. En route to Ulithi, she launched her planes for what amounted to training strikes on Japanese-held Taroain the Marshalls. On 22 May, the warship arrived in Ulithi and rejoined the Fast Carrier Task Forceas an element of Rear Admiral Radford's TG 58.4.
Preparing for the Japan campaign
Two days after her arrival, "Ticonderoga" sortied from Ulithi with TF 68 and headed north to spend the last weeks of the war in Japanese home waters. Three days out, Admiral Halsey relieved Admiral
Raymond Spruance, the 5th Fleetreverted back to 3rd Fleet, and TF 58 became TF 38 again for the duration. On 2 Juneand 3 June, "Ticonderoga" fighters struck at airfields on Kyūshūin an effort to neutralize the remnants of Japanese air power - particularly the Kamikaze Corps- and to relieve the pressure on American forces at Okinawa. During the following two days, "Ticonderoga" rode out her second typhoon in less than six months and emerged relatively unscathed. She provided combat air patrol cover for 6 Junerefueling rendezvous, and four of her fighters intercepted and destroyed three Okinawa-bound kamikazes. That evening, she steamed off at high speed with TG 38.4 to conduct a fighter sweep of airfields on southern Kyūshū on the 8th. "Ticonderoga"’s planes then joined in the aerial bombardment of Minami Daito and Kita Daitoislands before the carrier headed for Leyte where she arrived on the 13th.
During the two-week rest and replenishment period she enjoyed at Leyte, "Ticonderoga" changed task organizations from TG 38.4 to Rear Admiral
Gerald F. Bogan's TG 38.3. On 1 July, she departed Leyte with TF 38 and headed north to resume raids on Japan. Two days later, a damaged reduction gearforced her into Apra Harbor, Guam, for repairs. She remained there until the 19th when she steamed off to rejoin TF 38. On the 24th, her planes joined those of other fast carriers in striking ships in the Inland Seaand airfields at Nagoya, Osaka, and Miko.
During those raids, TF 38 planes found the sad remnants of the once-mighty
Japanese Fleetand bagged battleships "Ise", "Hyūga", and Haruna as well as an escort carrier, " Kaiyo", and two heavy cruisers. On 28 July, her aircraft directed their efforts toward the Kure Naval Base, where they pounded an aircraft carrier, three cruisers, a destroyer, and a submarine. She shifted her attention to the industrial area of central Honshūon the 30th, then to northern Honshū and Hokkaidōon 9 Augustand 10 August. The latter attacks thoroughly destroyed the marshaling area for a planned airborne suicide raid on the B-29bases in the Marianas. On the 13th and 14th, her planes returned to the Tokyoarea and helped to subject the Japanese capital to another severe drubbing.
On the morning of
16 August, "Ticonderoga" launched another strike against Tokyo. During or just after that attack, word reached TF 38 to the effect that Japan had capitulated.
The shock of peace, though not so abrupt as that of war almost four years previously, took some getting used to. "Ticonderoga" and her sister ships remained on a full war footing. She continued patrols over Japanese territory and sent reconnaissance flights in search of camps containing Allied
prisoners of warso that air-dropped supplies could be rushed to them. On 6 September- four days after the formal surrender ceremony on board "Missouri" (BB-63) - "Ticonderoga" entered Tokyo Bay.
Her arrival at Tokyo ended one phase of her career and began another. She embarked homeward-bound passengers and put to sea again on the 20th. After a stop in Pearl Harbor, the carrier reached
Alameda, California, on 5 October. She disembarked her passengers and unloaded cargo before heading out on the 9th to pick up another group of veterans. "Ticonderoga" delivered over a thousand soldiers and sailors to Tacoma, Washington, and remained there through the 28th for the Navy Daycelebration. On 29 October, the carrier departed Tacoma and headed back to Alameda. En route, all of the planes of Air Group 87 were transferred ashore so that the carrier could be altered to accommodate additional passengers in the Operation Magic Carpet voyages to follow.
Following the completion of those modifications at the
Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyardin November, the warship headed for the Philippines and arrived at Samar on 20 November. She returned to Alameda on 6 Decemberand debarked almost 4,000 returning servicemen. The carrier made one more Magic Carpet run in December 1945 and January 1946 before entering the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard to prepare for inactivation. Almost a year later on 9 January 1947, "Ticonderoga" was placed out of commission and berthed with the Bremerton Group of the Pacific Reserve Fleet.
Redeployment in the Pacific
31 January 1952, "Ticonderoga" came out of reserve and went into reduced commission for the transit from Bremerton to New York. She departed Puget Sound on 27 Februaryand reached New Yorkon 1 April. Three days later, she was decommissioned at the New York Naval Shipyardto begin the extensive SBC-27C conversion. During the ensuing 29 months, the carrier received numerous modifications - steam catapults to launch jets, a new nylon barricade, a new deck-edge elevatorand the latest electronic and fire control equipment - necessary for her to become an integral unit of the fleet. On 11 September 1954, "Ticonderoga" was recommissioned at New York, Capt. William A. Schoechin command.
In January 1955, the carrier shifted to her new home port -
Norfolk, Virginia- where she arrived on the 6th. Over the next month, she conducted carrier qualifications with Air Group 6in the Virginia Capesoperating area. On 3 February, she stood out of Hampton Roadsfor shakedown near Cuba, after which she returned via Norfolk to New York for additional alterations. During the late summer, the warship resumed carrier qualifications in the Virginia Capes area.
After a visit to
Philadelphiaearly in September, she participated in tests of three new planes - the A4D-1 Skyhawk, the F4D-1 Skyray, and the F3H-2N Demon. "Ticonderoga" then returned to normal operations along the East Coast until 4 Novemberwhen she departed Mayport, Florida, and headed for Europe. She relieved Intrepid at Gibraltar10 days later and cruised the length of the Mediterraneanduring the following eight months. On 2 August 1956, "Ticonderoga" returned to Norfolk and entered the shipyard to receive an angled flight deckand an enclosed hurricane bow as part of the SBC-125program.
Those modifications were completed by early 1957 and, in April, she got underway for her new home port - Alameda, Calif. She reached her destination on
30 May, underwent repairs, and finished out the summer with operations off the California coast. On 16 September, she stood out of San Francisco Bayand shaped course for the Far East. En route, she stopped at Pearl Harbor before continuing west to YokosukaJapan, where she arrived on 15 October. For six months, "Ticonderoga" cruised Oriental waters from Japan in the north to the Philippines in the south. Upon arriving at Alameda on 25 April 1958, she completed her first deployment to the western Pacific since recommissioning.
Between 1958 and 1963, "Ticonderoga" made four more peacetime deployments to the western Pacific. During each, she conducted training operations with other units of the
7th Fleetand made goodwill and liberty port calls throughout the Far East. Early in 1964, she began preparations for her sixth cruise to the western Pacific and, following exercises off the west coast and in the Hawaiian Islands, the carrier cleared Pearl Harbor on 4 Mayfor what began as another peaceful tour of duty in the Far East. The first three months of that deployment brought normal operations — training and port calls.
2 August, while operating in international waters in the Gulf of Tonkin, "Maddox" (DD-731) reported being attacked by units of the North Vietnamese Navy. Within minutes of her receipt of the message, "Ticonderoga" dispatched four, rocket-armed F8E Crusaders to the destroyer's assistance. Upon arrival, the Crusaders launched Zuni rockets and strafed the North Vietnamese craft with their 20 millimeter cannons. The "Ticonderoga" airmen teamed up with "Maddox" gunners to thwart the North Vietnamese attack, leaving one boat dead in the water and damaging the other two.
Two days later, late in the evening of the 4th, "Ticonderoga" received urgent requests from "Turner Joy" (DD-951) — by then on patrol with "Maddox" — for air support in resisting what the destroyer alleged to be another
torpedo boatforay. The carrier again launched planes to aid the American surface ships, and "Turner Joy" directed them. The Navy surface and air team believed it had sunk two boats and damaged another pair.
Lyndon Johnsonresponded with a reprisal to what he felt at the time to be two unprovoked attacks on American seapower and ordered retaliatory air strikes on selected North Vietnamese motor torpedo boat bases. On 5 August, "Ticonderoga" and "Constellation" (CV-64) launched 60 sorties against four bases and their supporting oil storage facilities. The USN attacks reportedly resulted in the destruction of 25 PT-type boats, severe damage to the bases, and almost complete razing of the oil storage depot. For her quick reaction and successful combat actions on those three occasions, "Ticonderoga" received the Navy Unit Commendation.
After a return visit to Japan in September, the aircraft carrier resumed normal operations in the South China Sea until winding up the deployment late in the year. She returned to the Naval Air Station,
North Island, California, on 15 December 1964. Following post-deployment and holiday stand-down, "Ticonderoga" moved to the Hunter's Point Naval Shipyardon 27 January 1965to begin a five-month overhaul. She completed repairs in June and spent the summer operating along the coast of southern California. On 28 September, the aircraft carrier put to sea for another deployment to the Orient. She spent some time in the Hawaiian Islands for an operational readiness exercise then continued on to the Far East. She reached " Dixie Station" on 5 Novemberand immediately began combat air operations.
"Ticonderoga" was involved in a
nuclear accidentwhen an A-4 Skyhawkof VA-56 squadron carrying a B43 nuclear bombwas lost off the coast of Japanon 5 December 1965. The aircraft, the pilot, and the bomb were never found. [ [http://www.atomicarchive.com/Almanac/Brokenarrows_static.shtml Broken Arrows] at www.atomicarchive.com. Accessed August 24, 2007.]
"Ticonderoga"’s winter deployment of 1965 and 1966 was her first total combat tour of duty during American involvement in the
Vietnam War. During her six months in the Far East, the carrier spent a total of 116 days in air operations off the coast of Vietnam dividing her time almost evenly between "Dixie" and " Yankee Stations", the carrier operating areas off South and North Vietnam, respectively. Her air group delivered over 8,000 tons of ordnance in more than 10,000 combat sorties, with a loss of 16 planes, but only 5 pilots. For the most part, her aircraft hit enemy installations in North Vietnam and interdicted supply routes into South Vietnam, including river-borne and coastwise junk and sampantraffic as well as roads, bridges, and trucks on land. Specifically, they claimed the destruction of 35 bridges as well as numerous warehouses, barracks, trucks, boats, and railroad cars and severe damage to a major North Vietnamese thermal power plant located at Uong Binorth of Haiphong. After a stop at Sasebo, Japan, from 25 Aprilto 3 May 1966, the warship put to sea to return to the United States. On 13 May, she pulled into port at San Diego to end the deployment.
Following repairs she stood out of San Diego on
9 Julyto begin a normal round of West Coast training operations. Those and similar evolutions continued until 15 October, when "Ticonderoga" departed San Diego, bound via Hawaii for the western Pacific. The carrier reached Yokosuka, Japan, on 30 Octoberand remained there until 5 Novemberwhen she headed south for an overnight stop at Subic Bay in the Philippines on the 10th and 11th. On the 13th, "Ticonderoga" arrived in the Gulf of Tonkin and began the first of three combat tours during her 1966-1967 deployment. She launched 11,650 combat sorties, all against enemy targets located in North Vietnam. Again, her primary targets were logistics and communications lines and transportation facilities. For their overall efforts in the conduct of day and night strikes on enemy targets, "Ticonderoga" and her air group earned their second Navy Unit Commendation. She completed her final line period on 27 April 1967and returned to Yokosuka, from which she departed again on 19 Mayto return to the United States. Ten days later, the carrier entered San Diego and began a month-long, post-deployment stand-down. At the beginning of July, the warship shifted to Bremerton, Washington, where she entered the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for two months of repairs. Upon the completion of yard work, she departed Bremerton on 6 Septemberand steamed south to training operations off the coast of southern California.
28 December, "Ticonderoga" sailed for her fourth combat deployment to the waters off the Indochinese coast. She made Yokosuka on 17 January 1968and after two days of upkeep continued on to the Gulf of Tonkin where she arrived on station on the 26th and began combat operations. Between January and July, "Ticonderoga" was on the line off the coast of Vietnam for five separate periods totaling 120 days of combat duty. During that time, her air wing flew just over 13,000 combat sorties against North Vietnamese and Viet Congforces, most frequently in the continuing attempts to interdict the enemy lines of supply. In mid-April, following her second line period, she made a port visit to Singaporeand then, after upkeep at Subic Bay, returned to duty off Vietnam. On 9 July, during her fifth and final line period, Lt. Comdr. J. B. Nicholsclaimed "Ticonderoga"’s first MiGkill. The carrier completed that line period and entered Subic Bay for upkeep on 25 July.
Return to the U.S.
On the 27th, she headed north to Yokosuka where she spent a week for upkeep and briefings before heading back to the United States on
7 August. "Ticonderoga" reached San Diego on the 17th and disembarked her air group. On the 22d, she entered the Long Beach Naval Shipyardfor post-deployment repairs. She completed those repairs on 21 October, conducted sea trials on the 28th and 29th, and began normal operations out of San Diego early in November. For the remainder of the year, she conducted refresher training and carrier qualifications along the coast of southern California.
During the first month of 1969, "Ticonderoga" made preparations for her fifth consecutive combat deployment to the Southeast Asia area. On
1 February, she cleared San Diego and headed west. After a brief stop at Pearl Harbor a week later, she continued her voyage to Yokosuka where she arrived on the 20th. The carrier departed Yokosuka on the 28th for the coast of Vietnam where she arrived on 4 March. Over the next four months, "Ticonderoga" served four periods on the line off Vietnam, interdicting communist supply lines and making strikes against their positions.
During her second line period, however, her tour of duty off Vietnam came to an abrupt end on
16 Aprilwhen she was shifted north to the Sea of Japan. North Korean aircraft had shot down a Navy reconnaissance plane in the area, and "Ticonderoga" was called upon to beef up the forces assigned to the vicinity. However, the crisis abated, and "Ticonderoga" entered Subic Bay on 27 Aprilfor upkeep. On 8 May, she departed the Philippines to return to "Yankee Station" and resumed interdiction operations. Between her third and fourth line periods, the carrier visited Sasebo and Hong Kong.
The aircraft carrier took station off Vietnam for her last line period of the deployment on
26 Juneand there followed 37 more days of highly successful air sorties against enemy targets. Following that tour, she joined TF 71 in the Sea of Japan for the remainder of the deployment. "Ticonderoga" concluded the deployment — a highly successful one, for she received her third Navy Unit Commendation for her operations during that tour of duty — when she left Subic Bay on 4 September.
"Ticonderoga" arrived in San Diego on
18 September. After almost a month of post-deployment stand-down, she moved to the Long Beach Naval Shipyard in mid-October to begin conversion to an antisubmarine warfare (ASW) aircraft carrier. Overhaul and conversion work began on 20 October, and "Ticonderoga" was redesignated CVS-14 on the 21st. She completed overhaul and conversion on 28 May 1970and conducted exercises out of Long Beach for most of June. On the 26th, the new ASW support carrier entered her new home port, San Diego. During July and August, she conducted refresher training, refresher air operations, and carrier landing qualifications. The warship operated off the California coast for the remainder of the year and participated in two exercises-HUKASWEX 4-70 late in October and COMPUTEX 23-70 between 30 Novemberand 3 December.
During the remainder of her active career, "Ticonderoga" made two more deployments to the Far East. Because of her change in mission, neither tour of duty included combat operations off Vietnam. Both, however, included training exercises in the Sea of Japan with ships of the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force. The first of these two cruises also brought operations in the Indian Ocean with units of the Thai Navy and a transit of Sunda Strait during which a ceremony was held to commemorate the loss of "Houston" (CA-30) and HMAS "Perth" in 1942.
In between these two last deployments, she operated in the eastern Pacific and participated in the recovery of the
Apollo 16moon mission capsule and astronauts near American Samoa during April 1972. The second deployment came in the summer of 1972, and, in addition to the training exercises in the Sea of Japan, "Ticonderoga" also joined ASW training operations in the South China Sea. That fall, she returned to the eastern Pacific and, in November, practiced for the recovery of Apollo 17. The next month, "Ticonderoga" recovered her second set of space voyagers near American Samoa. The carrier then headed back to San Diego where she arrived on 28 December. On 22 June 1973, "Ticonderoga" recovered the Skylab 2astronauts near San Diego.
"Ticonderoga" remained active for nine more months, first operating out of San Diego and then making preparations for inactivation. On
1 September 1973, the aircraft carrier was decommissioned after a board of inspection and survey found her to be unfit for further naval service. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 16 November 1973, and arrangements were begun to sell her for scrap. She was sold for scrap 1 September 1975.
"Ticonderoga" received five battle stars during
World War IIand three Navy Unit Commendations, one Meritorious Unit Commendation, and 12 battle stars during the Vietnam War.
* [http://bigt.net "Big T".net] - USS "Ticonderoga" Veterans Association
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/14.htm Navsource "Ticonderoga" Photo Archive]
* [http://www.researcheratlarge.com/Ships/CV14/Kamikaze/PSNSWarReport.html "Ticonderoga" War Damage Report for dual kamikaze hit, January 1945]
* [http://www.hullnumber.com/CV-14 CV-14 Personnel Roster at HullNumber.com]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
USS Ticonderoga (CG-47) — Ticonderoga 1985 auf hoher See Geschichte Bestellung 22. September 1978 Kiellegung … Deutsch Wikipedia
USS Ticonderoga (CG-47) — USS Ticonderoga (DDG/CG 47), fifth to bear the name, was a guided missile cruiser in the service of the United States Navy. Homeported in Pascagoula, Mississippi, the Tico was the lead ship of her class.History of the shipThe United States Navy… … Wikipedia
USS Ticonderoga — ist ein traditioneller Schiffsname der amerikanischen Marine, der zu Ehren der Einnahme von Fort Ticonderoga im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg bisher fünf mal vergeben wurde. USS Ticonderoga (1814), ein Dampfschiff, Indienststellung: 1814,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Uss ticonderoga (cv-14) — USS ticonderoga L USS Ticonderoga (CV 14) est un porte avions de la classe Essex appartenant à l US Navy. Genèse et déploiements Il devait s’appeler Hancock et sa construction débute en février 1943 au chantier nav … Wikipédia en Français
USS Ticonderoga — ha sido el nombre recibido por cinco buques de la US Navy estadounidense para conmemorar la captura del Fuerte Ticonderoga el 10 de mayo de 1775 por Ethan Allen. Buques de la Armada de los Estados Unidos El primer editar] USS Ticonderoga de… … Wikipedia Español
USS Ticonderoga — Classe Ticonderoga Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ticonderoga (homonymie). Classe Ticonderoga … Wikipédia en Français
USS Ticonderoga (CG-47) — Classe Ticonderoga Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ticonderoga (homonymie). Classe Ticonderoga … Wikipédia en Français
USS Ticonderoga (CV-14) — Die Ticonderoga als U Jagd Träger, 1970 Geschichte Bauwerft Newport News Shipbuilding Kiellegu … Deutsch Wikipedia
USS Ticonderoga — The ships named USS Ticonderoga commemorate the capture of Fort Ticonderoga on 10 May 1775 by Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys.US Navy vessels*The first USS|Ticonderoga|1814 was a 17 gun schooner of Commodore Thomas Macdonough s flotilla… … Wikipedia
USS Ticonderoga (CV-14) — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar … Wikipedia Español
USS Ticonderoga (CG-47) — «Тикондерога» USS Ticonderoga (CG 47) … Википедия