name= Zell Bryan Miller
office= Governor of Georgia
term_start=January 13, 1991
term_end= January 11, 1999
Joe Frank Harris
jr/sr2=United States Senator
term_start2=July 27, 2000
term_end2=January 3, 2005
predecessor2=Paul D. Coverdell
successor2=John H. Isakson
office3=Lieutenant Governor of Georgia
George Busbee Joe Frank Harris
term_start3=January 14, 1975
term_end3=January 13, 1991
birth_date= birth date and age |1932|02|24
Young Harris, Georgia
spouse= Shirley Carver Miller
Zell Bryan Miller (born February 24, 1932) is an American
politicianfrom the U.S. stateof Georgia. Elected as a Democrat, Miller served as Lieutenant Governor from 1975 to 1990, Governor of Georgia from 1991 to 1999, and as United States Senator from 2000 to 2005.
Although a member of the Democratic Party, Miller backed Republican President
George W. Bushover Democratic nominee John Kerryin the 2004 presidential election and since 2003 has frequently criticized the Democratic Party, and has publicly supported several Republican candidates. In 2006, Miller did voice-overs (narrations) for Republican candidate commercials in Georgia state elections (George "Sonny" Perdue and Ralph Reed).
Miller did not seek re-election in 2004. After leaving the Senate he joined the law firm
McKenna Long & Aldridge, in the firm's national Government Affairs practice. [ [http://www.mckennalong.com/people-870.html McKenna Long & Aldridge: Zell Miller ] ] Miller is also a frequent Fox News Channelcontributor.
Miller was born in the small mountain town of
Young Harris, Georgia. His father died when Miller was an infant, and the future politician was raised by his widowed mother. As a child, Miller lived both in Young Harris and Atlanta. Today, Miller lives in the old Young Harris home. Miller spent his first two years of college at Young Harris Collegein his home town. Miller holds Bachelor's and Master's degrees in historyfrom the University of Georgia.
Less than a month after the Korean War ended, Miller wound up in a drunk tank in the North Georgia Mountains. Miller claimed later that this incident was the lowest point of his life. Upon his release, Miller enlisted in the Marines. During his three years in the
United States Marine Corps, Miller attained the rank of Captain. He often refers to the value of his experience in the Marine Corps in his writing and stump speeches; in his book on the subject, entitled "Corps Values: Everything You Need to Know I Learned in the Marines", he wrote:
"In the twelve weeks of hell and transformation that were Marine Corps boot camp, I learned the values of achieving a successful life that have guided and sustained me on the course which, although sometimes checkered and detoured, I have followed ever since."
In addition to his political offices, Miller has taught a variety of classes at
Young Harris College, the University of Georgia, and Emory University.
Miller's father and mother were both involved in local politics in the North Georgia mountains. Miller, a Democrat, was
Mayorof Young Harris from 1959 to 1960, and was elected to two terms as a Georgia state senator during the 1960s. In 1964 and 1966, he unsuccessfully sought the Democratic nomination for a seat in the United States House of Representatives. He endorsed segregation in both races, a move he later publicly regretted. He later served in several positions in state government and in the Georgia Democratic Party.
Miller's first experience in the executive branch of government was as Chief of Staff for Georgia governor
Lester Maddox. He was elected Lieutenant Governor of Georgiain 1974, serving four terms from 1975 to 1991, through the terms of Governors George Busbeeand Joe Frank Harris, making him the longest-serving lieutenant governor in Georgia history. In 1980, Miller unsuccessfully challenged Herman Talmadgein the Democratic primary for his seat in the United States Senate.
Miller was elected governor of Georgia in 1990, defeating Republican
Johnny Isakson(who later became his successor as U.S. Senator) after defeating AtlantaMayor Andrew Youngand future Governor Roy Barnesin the primary. Miller campaigned on the concept of term limits and pledged to seek only a single term as Governor. He later ran for and won reelection. James Carvillewas Miller's campaign manager.
In 1991, Miller endorsed Gov.
Bill Clintonof Arkansasfor President of the United States. He became close to Clinton, and some political commentators described Miller's support as critical in helping Clinton hold the South and secure the nomination after a rocky start in the Democratic primaries. Miller gave the keynotespeech at the 1992 Democratic National Conventionat Madison Square Gardenin New York City. In two oft-recalled lines, Miller said that President George H. W. Bush"just doesn't get it", and he remarked of Vice President Dan Quayle:
"Not all of us can be born rich, handsome, and lucky, and that's why we have a Democratic Party."
As governor, Miller was a staunch promoter of public education. During this time, he helped found the
HOPE Scholarship, which paid for the college tuition (paid by funds collected from the lottery and from state income taxes) of Georgia students who both established a GPA of 3.0 in high school and maintained the same while in college. In December 1995, his office [http://ontheissues.org/Social/Zell_Miller_Education.htm#6 announced a proposal for $1 billion more in spending on education] . HOPE won praise from national Democratic leaders. The HOPE Scholarship program still to this day provides Georgia students with an opportunity to attend a public college or university, who otherwise may have no opportunity to do so.
Miller's biggest election battle came in 1994. Some have said that the 1994 election was a turning point in Miller's career, arguing it gave him a desire to prove himself a cultural conservative. One cited piece of evidence is that in the late 1990s through the early 2000s, he gradually shifted from being
While governor, he established a special office to promote the use of
Facilitated Communications in the schools of Georgia. The rise of sexual abusecases arising from his controversial efforts eventually brought an end to the program.
Upon leaving the Governor's office in January 1999, Miller accepted teaching positions at Young Harris College, Emory University, and The University of Georgia. He was a visiting professor at all three institutions when he was appointed to the U.S. Senate.
Miller's successor as governor,
Roy Barnes, appointed Miller to a U.S. Senate seat following the death of Republican Sen. Paul Coverdellin July 2000. While the Democratic Party's historic control of Georgia politics had waned for years, Miller remained popular. He easily won a special election to keep the seat in November 2000. During the campaign to keep the seat, Miller spoke warmly of his late friend Coverdell, praised Republican presidential candidate George W. Bush, and promised to work for bipartisanship in the Senate.
As Coverdell had last been elected in 1998, Miller had four years remaining in the Senate term before his retirement from politics in January 2005, following the conclusion of the
108th United States Congress.
Throughout Zell Miller's career as a U.S. Senator he showed increasing support for Republicans and increasing criticism of Democrats, leading some to question whether his fellow Democrats in the senate had given him a lukewarm reception. However, given his beginnings as a conservative southern Democrat, it is likely he found his views drastically different from the more liberal ideology of the national party
During 2001 and 2002, when liberal Republican senators from
New Englandlike James Jeffordsand Lincoln Chafeethreatened to (and in Jeffords' case, did) leave their party over ideological disputes, rumors abounded that Miller would become a Republican in order to return control of the Senate to that party. These rumors were dispelled with Miller's declaration that he was "born a Democrat and will die one."
In 2002, Sen.
Max Cleland(D-Ga.) was involved in a contentious re-election campaign against Republican Congressman Saxby Chambliss. The race galvanized Democrats across the nation, who said Chambliss had questioned the patriotism of Cleland, a disabled Vietnam veteran. (Chambliss denied that.) Miller remained true to the Democrats in this case, campaigning hard for Cleland despite their ideological differences. But after Chambliss won, Miller formed a close working relationship with him.
In 2003, Miller announced that he would not seek re-election after completing his term in the Senate. He also announced that he would support President
George W. Bushin the 2004 presidential election rather than any of the nine candidates then competing for his own party's nomination. He maintained this position after fellow Senator John Kerrybecame the Democratic nominee, and Miller, who had been a keynote speaker at the 1992 Democratic National Convention, was subsequently announced to be a keynote speaker at the 2004 Republican National Convention.
In 2004, he cosponsored a proposed Constitutional amendment [ [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d108:SJ00040:@@@P Search Results - THOMAS (Library of Congress) ] ] that, if ratified, would have prohibited government, at any level, from recognizing any homosexual domestic partnerships. On March 11 of that year, he introduced legislation [ [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c108:S.2147: Search Results - THOMAS (Library of Congress) ] ] that would have created a board of "shapers of opinions" (as he called it in his introductory speech) to advise broadcasters on content the government deemed acceptable or unacceptable, and to make automatic re-appropriations of some of the revenue generated from media-"indecency" fines to pay for federal services directed through religious establishments. Later that year, he proposed a Constitutional amendment to repeal the 17th Amendment (this would transfer the right to elect U.S. Senators from the people back to the state legislatures, as the Constitution originally provided for).
Miller established himself as a conservative on virtually all economic issues. He was the first Democrat in the Senate to publicly declare his support for the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, a broad-based tax cut which was criticised by opponents for favoring the rich and being fiscally irresponsible. Miller was the only Democrat to vote against an amendment to that same bill submitted by
Tom Harkin(D-Iowa) to scale back portions of that tax cut in order to spend more on education and debt reduction. He strongly opposed the estate tax and voted a number of times for its repeal. He also advocated drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Miller argued in his book "
A National Party No More" (authored and published in 2003) that the Democratic Party lost its majority because it does not stand for the same ideals that it did in the era of John F. Kennedy. He argued that the Democratic Party, as it now stands, is a far- left-wingparty that is out of touch with the America of today and that the Republican Party now embraces the conservative Democratic ideals that he has held for so long.
Despite Miller's frequent disagreements with his own party, he did occasionally support some of their positions. For example, he was a strong supporter of the
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002. In Miller's view the provisions of the bill, limiting donations to candidates for political office, should have gone even further. Miller voted with every single Democratic Senator for the Bipartisan Patient Protection Act, and later he voted with virtually all fellow Democrats to allow American consumers to import cheaper prescription drugs from Canada. This bill was strongly opposed by American pharmaceutical companies. Miller also, in October 2003, voted with most of his party to prohibit the enforcement of the ban on travel to Cuba. And despite his support of a Federal Marriage Amendment, on June 15, 2004, Miller voted with every single member of his party to include sexual orientation in hate crime laws.
Miller decided not to run for reelection to the US Senate in 2004. Democratic Congresswoman
Denise Majettesought to fill Miller's Senate seat, but lost the election to Republican Johnny Isakson. Miller supported and endorsed Republican Isakson for election.
peech at 2004 Republican National Convention
In his keynote convention speech, delivered on September 1, 2004, Miller criticized the current state of the Democratic party. He said, "No pair has been more wrong, more loudly, more often than the two senators from Massachusettsndash
Ted Kennedyand John Kerry." He also criticized John Kerry's Senate voting record, claiming that Kerry's votes against bills for defense and weapon systems indicated support for weakening U.S. military strength.
The speech was well received by the convention attendees, especially the Georgia delegates. Conservative commentator
Michael Baronecompared the speech to the views and ideology of Andrew Jackson. [ [http://www.usnews.com/usnews/opinion/baroneweb/mb_040902.htm USNews.com: The National Interest: The Jacksonian Persuasion (9/2/04) ] ]
Miller's combative reaction to post-speech media interviews received almost as much attention as the speech itself. First, in an interview with
CNN, Miller had a dispute with Judy Woodruff, Wolf Blitzer, and Jeff Greenfieldwhen they questioned him on his speech, particularly on whether he had misinterpreted the context and full content of Kerry's votes, and the fact that Dick Cheney, as Defense Secretary, had opposed some of the same programs he attacked Kerry for voting against. [ [http://www.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0409/01/se.03.html CNN.com - Transcripts ] ]
Shortly thereafter, Miller appeared in an interview with
Chris Matthewson the MSNBCshow "Hardball". Here, Miller became visibly angry. Matthews criticized the premise of Miller's assertion that Kerry had actually voted against such defense programs by noting that in voting on appropriations bills, senators often vote against a version of a bill without wishing to oppose every item in that bill. Matthews also asked Miller to compare his assertion that a military under Kerry would be armed with only "spitballs" with rhetoric from Democrats that Republicans "want to starve little kids, they want to get rid of education, they want to kill the old people" and whether such level of rhetoric was constructive. When Miller expressed irritation at this line of questioning, Matthews pressed Miller with the question "Do you believe nowndash do you believe, Senator, truthfully, that John Kerry wants to defend the country with spitballs?" Miller at first said that he wished the interview had been face-to-face so that he could "get a little closer up into your face." Miller angrily told Matthews to "get out of my face," and declared: "I wish we lived in the day where you could challenge a person to a duel." At the conclusion of the interview, Matthews asked "Let's be friends," which Miller ignored. [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7644466/ Zell Miller's Hardball interview - Hardball with Chris Matthews - MSNBC.com ] ] The interview was later parodied on " The Daily Show with Jon Stewart", on " Late Night with Conan O'Brien", and by Darrell Hammondand Will Forteon " Saturday Night Live".Fact|date=July 2008
Delivering this keynote speech made Miller the only man of the modern era to keynote the conventions of both major parties (as he had previously delivered the 1992
Democratic National Conventionkeynote address).
Remarks on Bush re-election
After President Bush was re-elected, Miller referred to the Republican victories in that election (including a sweep of five open Senate seats in the South) as a sign that Democrats didn't relate to most Americans. Calling for Democrats to change their message, he authored an editorial, which appeared in the "Washington Times" on November 4, 2004, in which he wrote:
Life after politics
In August 2005, President Bush appointed Miller to the
American Battle Monuments Commission.
He currently serves on the Board of Directors of the
National Rifle Association.
Zell Miller is lauded in conservative circles but is increasingly distant from the Democratic Party. He in recent years has not supported Democrats for election, and has said he would not support Senators
Barack Obamaor Hillary Clintonin the 2008 Presidential election.
Justice Sunday II
Miller was a speaker at "
Justice Sunday II," an event organized by conservative Christian evangelicals to combat alleged liberal bias in the Federal Judiciary of the United States. The event was organized by Tony Perkinsand James Dobson, and held in Nashville, Tennesseeon August 14, 2005.
Miller criticized the
United States Supreme Court, saying, that it had "removed prayer from our public schools … legalized the barbaric killing of unborn babies and it is ready to discard like an outdated hula hoop the universal institution of marriage between a man and a woman." [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/08/14/AR2005081401036.html Conservatives Rally for Justices ] ]
By Zell Miller:
*1975: "Mountains Within Me"
*1983: "Great Georgians"
*1985: "They Heard Georgia Singing"
*1997: "Corps Values: Everything You Need to Know I Learned In the Marines"
*1999: "The First Battalion of the 28th Marines on Iwo Jima: A Day-By-Day History from Personal Accounts and Official Reports, With Complete Muster Rolls", also by
Robert E. Allen
*2003: "" ISBN 0-9745376-1-6
*2003: foreword to "What'll Ya Have: A History of the Varsity" by
*2005: "A Deficit Of Decency" ISBN 0-9745376-3-2
About Zell Miller:
*1998: "Listen to this Voice" Selected Speeches of Governor Zell Miller"
*1999: "Zell, The Governor Who Gave Georgia HOPE" by
*1999: "Signed, Sealed, and Delivered: The Miller Record"
*2001 1 March, Miller's introductory speech for Kerry in Atlanta, transcript. http://web.archive.org/web/20010714233408/http://miller.senate.gov/speeches/030101jjdinner.htm
*2004 7 April, Bart Acocella (McAuliffe's speechwriter), "The Gadflyer", "Zellhole", http://gadflyer.com/articles/?ArticleID=65. Terry McAuliffe's speechwriter discusses Miller's then-recent speeches and "A National Party No More".
*2004 31 July Sat., Zell Miller, "Wall Street Journal", [http://www.washtimes.com/national/20041104-121406-2051r.htm "See Y'All in New York"] .
*2004 27 August Fri. 8 :59 a.m. PT, Michael Crowley, "Slate", "Zell Miller: Why the Democratic Senator Loathes Democrats", http://slate.msn.com/id/2105700/.
*2004 30 August Mon., David de Sola, C.N.N., "The politics of music", ¶21–23, http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/08/29/gop.music/index.html. Includes quotes from the "Deficit of Decency" speech.
*2004 1 September; Wolf Blitzer's, Judy Woodruff's and Jeff Greenfield's interview with Zell Miller] ; C.N.N.; transcript at http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0409/01/se.03.html.
*2004 1 September, "Hardball with Chris Matthews", interview with Zell Miller, transcript at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/5892840/, MSNBC News.
*2004 2 September Tue., Scott Henry and Mara Shalhoup, "Creative Loafing (Atlanta)", [http://www.atlanta.creativeloafing.com/2004-09-02/news_feature.html "Follow the Bouncing Zell"] .
*2004 2 September Wed., Andrew Sullivan, "The Daily Dish", post for 12:21 :48 a.m., http://www.andrewsullivan.com/index.php?dish_inc=archives/2004_08_29_dish_archive.html#109409893313020605.
*2004 2 September Wed., Jim Galloway, "Atlanta Journal-Constitution", [http://www.ajc.com/news/content/news/election/0904nation/02zellreax.html "Fellow Georgians far from lukewarm"] .
*2004 2 September Wed., "New Donkey", "Dogs of War", http://www.newdonkey.com/2004/09/dogs-of-war.html.
*2004 2 September Wed., Jonathan Cohn, "The New Republic", "Zellotry", http://www.tnr.com/doc.mhtml?i=express&s=cohn090204.
*2004 2 September Wed. 12:38 p.m., Kevin Drum, "Political Animal", "Zell Miller Roundup", http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/archives/individual/2004_09/004615.php, Washington Monthly.
*2004 2 September Wed., Josh Marshall, "Talking Points Memo", post for 01:52 p.m. EDT, http://talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/148904.php.
*2004 2 September Wed., Michael Barone, "U.S. News & World Report", "The Jacksonian Persuasion", http://www.usnews.com/usnews/opinion/baroneweb/mb_040902.htm. Positive review of Miller's speech at RNC04.
*2004 3 September Wed., Glenn Kessler and Dan Morgan, "Washington Post", [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A57627-2004Sep2.html "GOP Prism Distorts Some Kerry Positions"] .
*2004 3 September Wed.; Andrew Sullivan; "The Daily Dish"; posts for 1:50:57 p.m. (http://www.andrewsullivan.com/index.php?dish_inc=archives/2004_08_29_dish_archive.html#109423381998967517), 3:11:13 p.m. (http://www.andrewsullivan.com/index.php?dish_inc=archives/2004_08_29_dish_archive.html#109423867326644544), 4:31:06 p.m. (http://www.andrewsullivan.com/index.php?dish_inc=archives/2004_08_29_dish_archive.html#109424352602424565), and 8:33:40 p.m. (http://www.andrewsullivan.com/index.php?dish_inc=archives/2004_08_29_dish_archive.html#109425802086713760).
*Ex-Pres. Jimmy Carter's letter to Zell Miller, sent the weekend after the RNC04, http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/week_2004_09_05.php#003438.
*2004 Sep., "Washingtonian", [http://www.washingtonian.com/inwashington/bwcongress.html "Best & Worst of Congress"] . "Inside the Beltway" poll of what Capitol Hill insiders think of various Congresspersons, incl. Zell Miller.
*2004 4 November, Stephen Dinan, "Washington Times", [http://www.washtimes.com/national/20041104-121406-2051r.htm "Stoic losers disdain change"] , ¶21–22.
*2004 2 November, Eleanor Clift, "Newsweek" online, "'We Need to Heal'", http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6392183/site/newsweek/. Interview with Jimmy Carter; includes an opinionated description of Miller's governorship.
*SpeakOut.org, "On the Issues", lists of votes and statements by Miller, http://ontheissues.org/Senate/Zell_Miller.htm.
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