American armored fighting vehicle production during World War II
This page details
tankproduction by the United States of America during World War II.
The USA began 1942 with the "
M2 Light Tanks" and "M1 Combat Cars" (later re-designated "M2 Light Tank"). These were machinegun-armed light vehicles, the tanks belonging to the Infantry and the Combat Cars belonging to the Cavalry. In 1940, the M2A4 Light Tank introduced a cannon (37mm) armament. The machinegun-armed tanks were never used in combat, and only a handful of cannon-armed vehicles saw service in the Pacific; but their design formed the basis of the later M3/M5 Light Tanks (evolved from the M2A4). "M2", "M3" and "M5" light tanks. The British officially called their M3s Stuarts, and often referred to them as "Honeys".
* M1 = "Combat Car M1", machine gun
* M2 = "Light Tank M2", 37 mm gun
* M3 = "Light Tank M3", 37 mm gun
* M5 = "Light Tank M5", 37 mm gun
* M8 HMC = "M8 Howitzer Motor Carriage", 75 mm M2 or M3 howitzer on M5 hull
Other light AVFs
M22 Locustwas specially designed as an airmobile tank, to be delivered to the battlefield by glider.
M24 Chaffeewas intended as a replacement for the M3 and M5 series;
1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 Total M22 - - - 680 150 - 830 M24 - - - - 1,930 2,801 4,731 M18 GMC - - - 812 1,695 - 2,507
* M22 = "Light Tank M22 Locust", 37 mm M6 gun
* M24 = "Light Tank M24 Chaffee", 75 mm M6 gun
* M18 GMC = "M18 Gun Motor Carriage", also known as the "Hellcat", was a tank destroyer armed with a 76 mm M1 gun
Medium Tanks and AFVs
In 1939, the USA had manufactured 18 examples of the "Medium M2" tank. This tank was never to see combat service, but its chassis and suspension were used as a basis for the Lee and Sherman tanks. Following the German invasion of France in 1940, a small number of "Medium M2A1" tanks (an improved model) were manufactured for training, while a more modern tank (which was eventually to become the "Medium M3 Lee") was designed.
The Lee was superseded by the "Medium
M4 Sherman". This originally carried a 75 mm gun; later versions of the Sherman were armed with a 76 mm gun or a 105 mm howitzer.
On the Sherman hull, the M10 and M36 tank destroyers (officially called "Gun Motor Carriages") were produced.
The "M7 Howitzer Motor Carriage" was originally built on the M-3 medium tank chassis, but later versions were built on the similar M-4 tank chassis.
1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 Total M2A1 6 88 - - - - 94 M3 - 1,342 4,916 - - - 5,258 M4 - - 8,017 21,231 3,504 651 33,403 M4 (76) - - - - 7,135 3748 10,883 M4 (105) - - - - 2,286 2394 4,680 M10 GMC - - 639 6,067 - - 6,706 M36 GMC - - - - 1,400 924 2,324 M7 HMC - - 2,028 786 1,164 338 4,316 M12 GMC - - 60 40 - - 100 M30 CC - - 60 40 - - 100
* M2A1 = "Medium M2A1"
* M3 = "Medium M3 Lee/Grant". The original US version was the "Lee" (named after General Lee); the slightly modified British version was the "Grant" (named after General Grant).
* M4 = "Medium M4 Sherman" with 75 mm M3 (L/38) gun
* M4 (76) = "Medium M4 Sherman" with 76 mm M1-series gun
* M4 (105) = "Medium M4 Sherman" with 105 mm howitzer
* M10 GMC = "M10 Gun Motor Carriage" with 3" M7 gun
* M36 GMC = "M36 Gun Motor Carriage" with 90 mm M1 gun
* M7 HMC = "M7 Howitzer Motor Carriage", M3 (Grant) or M4 (Sherman) hull with 105 mm howitzer in forward-facing mount. Given the nickname "Priest" by British gunners.
* M12 GMC = "M12 Gun Motor Carriage", M3 (Grant) hull with 155 mm M1918 gun in forward-facing mount
* M30 CC = "M30 Cargo Carrier", ammunition carrier for M12 GMC.
The Pershing heavy tank (named after General Pershing) was the only heavy tank used in combat by the US armed forces during World War II. An earlier design, the M-6 heavy tank, was not accepted for series production.
1944 1945 Total M26 40 2,162 2,202
* M26 = "Heavy M26 Pershing", 90 mm M3 gun
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Military production during World War II — During World War II, women worked in factories throughout much of the Western and Eastern United States … Wikipedia
Military history of France during World War II — History of France … Wikipedia
World War II Online — World War II Online: Battleground Europe … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (A) — # A 20 Havoc # A 25 Helldiver # A 26 Invader # A 31 Vengeance # A A line # A Bell for Adano (novel) # A Blank in the Weather Map # A Bridge Too Far (book) # A Bridge Too Far (film) # A Canterbury Tale # A Challenge to Democracy # A class… … Wikipedia
German tanks in World War II — Germany had several main tank designs during World War II. The first four, designed before the war, fell under the Panzer class. The last two were Tiger tanks, the second of which being the feared (but arguably oversized) Tiger II or King Tiger.… … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (G) — # G H (navigation) # G Men vs the Black Dragon # G and H class destroyer # G for George # G. B. Pegram # G. Mennen Williams # G. N. Glasoe # G. Warren Nutter # G.I. Robot # G.I. Stories # G.I. Wanna Home # G?siówka # Göppingen Gö 9 # Göran… … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (S) — # S 1 Uranium Committee # S 50 # S mine # S Phone # S. A. Ayer # S. J. Warmington # S.L.A. Marshall # S.S. Doomtrooper # S.S. Pink Star # S?awomir Maciej Bittner # S?kichi Takagi # S?saku Suzuki # Søren Kam # Søren Petersen # S1 Scout Car # SA… … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (B) — # B 17 Flying Fortress (video game) # B 17 Flying Fortress # B 17, Queen of the Skies # B 24 Liberator # B 29 Superfortress # B Reactor # Błyskawica radiostation # Błyskawica submachine gun # Børge Mathiesen # BA 10 # BA 11 # BA 20 # BA 21 # BA… … Wikipedia
Tanks in World War II — This article deals with the history of the tank in World War II.Overview Tanks played a huge role in World War II. The tank reached new heights of capability and sophistication. The early tanks of Germany were technologically inferior to many of… … Wikipedia
Japanese tanks of World War II — v · … Wikipedia