William Barton Rogers

Infobox Scientist
name = Don William Barton Rogers


birth_date = birth date|1804|12|7|df=y
birth_place = Virginia, USA
death_date = death date and age|1882|5|30|1804|12|7|df=y
death_place = Boston, Massachusetts, USA
nationality = United States
field = Chemistry, physics, geology
work_institution = College of William and Mary
University of Virginia
MIT
alma_mater = College of William and Mary
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = MIT founder
footnotes =

William Barton Rogers (1804-1882) is best known for setting down the founding principles, advocating for, and finally incorporating the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1861. [Rogers, William B., Chairman, The Committee of Associated Institutions of Science and Arts, [http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/mithistory/pdf/objects-plan.pdf "Objects and Plan of an Institute of Technology: including a Society of Arts, a Museum of Arts, and a School of Industrial Science; proposed to be established in Boston"] - Boston, 1861, and archived at the MIT Libraries Collection.] The university opened in 1865 after the American Civil War.

Rogers was educated at the College of William and Mary and later held W&M's Professorship of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry from 1828 until 1835. He then served as Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Virginia from 1835 until 1853, when he resigned in protest. While Rogers was Chair of the Department of Philosophy at UVA, he vigorously defended the University's refusal to award "honoris causa" degrees to the Virginia State Legislature. He went on to found and serve as president of MIT from 1861 to 1870.

Though Rogers stood down from this position because of declining health, by necessity he returned to office in 1878 and continued to 1881. He died after collapsing during a speech at MIT's 1882 commencement exercises. His last words were "bituminous coal".cite book |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=2w8EAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27&dq=%22william+barton+rogers%22+%22last+words%22&source=web&ots=KXlH8L3tFb&sig=wrUV4UKG0-ub7MKVrPFFaJmrqiA&hl=en#PPA27,M1 |title=George Ward Blodgett, Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering |last= Phillips |first=Henry Ayling |publisher=Riverside Press |location=Cambridge |year= 1915 |pages=27-30 ]

Notes

External links

* [http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/mithistory/biographies/rogers.html Official mini-biography] - from MIT

References

Persondata
NAME= Rogers, William Barton
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= American scientist, founder of MIT
DATE OF BIRTH= 7 December 1804
PLACE OF BIRTH= Virginia
DATE OF DEATH= 30 May 1882
PLACE OF DEATH= Boston, Massachusetts


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