William Barton Rogers

Infobox Scientist
name = Don William Barton Rogers

birth_date = birth date|1804|12|7|df=y
birth_place = Virginia, USA
death_date = death date and age|1882|5|30|1804|12|7|df=y
death_place = Boston, Massachusetts, USA
nationality = United States
field = Chemistry, physics, geology
work_institution = College of William and Mary
University of Virginia
alma_mater = College of William and Mary
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = MIT founder
footnotes =

William Barton Rogers (1804-1882) is best known for setting down the founding principles, advocating for, and finally incorporating the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1861. [Rogers, William B., Chairman, The Committee of Associated Institutions of Science and Arts, [http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/mithistory/pdf/objects-plan.pdf "Objects and Plan of an Institute of Technology: including a Society of Arts, a Museum of Arts, and a School of Industrial Science; proposed to be established in Boston"] - Boston, 1861, and archived at the MIT Libraries Collection.] The university opened in 1865 after the American Civil War.

Rogers was educated at the College of William and Mary and later held W&M's Professorship of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry from 1828 until 1835. He then served as Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Virginia from 1835 until 1853, when he resigned in protest. While Rogers was Chair of the Department of Philosophy at UVA, he vigorously defended the University's refusal to award "honoris causa" degrees to the Virginia State Legislature. He went on to found and serve as president of MIT from 1861 to 1870.

Though Rogers stood down from this position because of declining health, by necessity he returned to office in 1878 and continued to 1881. He died after collapsing during a speech at MIT's 1882 commencement exercises. His last words were "bituminous coal".cite book |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=2w8EAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27&dq=%22william+barton+rogers%22+%22last+words%22&source=web&ots=KXlH8L3tFb&sig=wrUV4UKG0-ub7MKVrPFFaJmrqiA&hl=en#PPA27,M1 |title=George Ward Blodgett, Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering |last= Phillips |first=Henry Ayling |publisher=Riverside Press |location=Cambridge |year= 1915 |pages=27-30 ]


External links

* [http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/mithistory/biographies/rogers.html Official mini-biography] - from MIT


NAME= Rogers, William Barton
SHORT DESCRIPTION= American scientist, founder of MIT
DATE OF BIRTH= 7 December 1804
DATE OF DEATH= 30 May 1882
PLACE OF DEATH= Boston, Massachusetts

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Barton Rogers — Nacimiento 7 de diciembre de 1804 Virginia, EE.UU. Fallecimiento 30 de …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Barton Rogers — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rogers. William Barton Rogers, né le 7 décembre 1804 en Virginie aux États Unis et décédé le 30 mai 1882 à Boston, est le fondateur, en 1861, du Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), l une des universités… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rogers (Familienname) — Rogers ist ein englischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der patronymische Name bedeutet „Sohn des Roger“. Varianten Rodgers, besonders in Schottland Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Rogers — ist der Name folgender Personen: William Rogers (Grafiker) (* um 1545; † um 1605), englischer Graphiker William Barton Rogers (1804–1882), US amerikanischer Gründer des MIT William Charles Rogers (* 1951), US amerikanischer Golfprofi William… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rogers (surname) — Family name name = Rogers imagesize= caption= pronunciation = Rogers meaning = region = England origin = Norman related names = Rodgers, Rogerson footnotes = [ [http://www.census.gov/genealogy/names/names files.html 1990 Census Name Files] ]… …   Wikipedia

  • William Rogers — There are several men named William Rogers (and similar spellings), among them: *William P. Rogers, U.S. Attorney General under Dwight Eisenhower and Secretary of State under Richard Nixon *Will Rogers, Cherokee Kid cowboy, and humorist *Will… …   Wikipedia

  • Rogers — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Patronymes 2 Toponyme 3 Autres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rogers, Henry Darwin — ▪ American geologist born Aug. 1, 1808, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died May 29, 1866, Glasgow, Scot.       American structural geologist who contributed much to the theory of mountain building through his studies of the geology of Pennsylvania.… …   Universalium

  • Rogers, Mount — ▪ mountain, Virginia, United States       highest point in Virginia, U.S., reaching an elevation of 5,729 feet (1,746 metres). It is located in the Iron Mountains (a segment of the Appalachian Mountains), within Jefferson National Forest in the… …   Universalium

  • Rogers Morton — Rogers Clark Ballard Morton (19 septembre 1914 – 19 avril 1979) était un homme politique américain. Il a été Secrétaire à l’Intérieur de 1971 à 1975 sous la présidence de Richard Nixon e …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.