Superior ophthalmic vein

Infobox Vein
Name = Superior ophthalmic vein
Latin = vena ophthalmica superior
GraySubject = 171
GrayPage = 659


Caption = Veins of orbit. (Superior ophthalmic labeled at top.)


Caption2 = The sinuses at the base of the skull. (Superior ophthalmic vein labeled at upper right.)
DrainsFrom =
Source = vorticose veins
DrainsTo = cavernous sinus
Artery = ophthalmic artery
MeshName =
MeshNumber =
DorlandsPre =
DorlandsSuf =
The superior ophthalmic vein begins at the inner angle of the orbit in a vein named the nasofrontal which communicates anteriorly with the angular vein; it pursues the same course as the ophthalmic artery, and receives tributaries corresponding to the branches of that vessel.

Forming a short single trunk, it passes between the two heads of the Rectus lateralis and through the medial part of the superior orbital fissure, and ends in the cavernous sinus.

The "ethmoidal veins" drain into the superior ophthalmic vein. [DorlandsDict|eight/000114791|ethmoidal veins]

Vorticose veins also drain into the superior ophthalmic vein.

Clinical relevance

The medial angle of the eye, nose and lips (known as the danger triangle of the face) usually drain through the facial vein, via the ophthalmic vein through the cavernous sinus. As a result, an infection of the face may spread to the cavernous sinus and pterygoid venous plexus. This can lead to damage of the nerves running through the cavernous sinus.

References

External links

* (NormanAnatomyFig|orbit4)
* http://www.dartmouth.edu/~humananatomy/figures/chapter_47/47-5.HTM


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • superior ophthalmic vein — noun a vein that begins at the inner angle of the eye socket and passes through the superior orbital fissure to empty into the cavernous sinus • Hypernyms: ↑ophthalmic vein, ↑vena ophthalmica …   Useful english dictionary

  • ophthalmic vein — n either of two veins that pass from the orbit: a) one that begins at the inner angle of the orbit and passes through its superior part and through the superior orbital fissure to empty into the cavernous sinus called also superior ophthalmic… …   Medical dictionary

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  • Inferior ophthalmic vein — Infobox Vein Name = Inferior ophthalmic vein Latin = vena ophthalmica inferior GraySubject = 171 GrayPage = 659 Caption = Veins of orbit. Caption2 = DrainsFrom = Source = vorticose veins DrainsTo = superior ophthalmic vein, cavernous sinus Artery …   Wikipedia

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