Crêpe


Crêpe
A stack of many crêpes
A sweet crêpe opened up, with whipped cream and strawberry sauce on it. This variation of crêpes – especially when they are curled up to form a tube, and finished with a topping of powdered sugar, whipped cream, or both – is called French pancakes.

A crêpe or crepe (English pronunciation: /ˈkreɪp/,[1] French: [kʁɛp] ( listen)), is a type of very thin pancake, usually made from wheat flour (crêpes de Froment) or buckwheat flour (galettes). The word is of French origin, deriving from the Latin crispa, meaning "curled". While crêpes originate from Brittany, a region in the northwest of France, their consumption is widespread in France and they are considered a national dish. In Brittany, crêpes are traditionally served with cider. Crêpes are served with a variety of fillings, from the most simple with only sugar to flambéed crêpes Suzette or elaborate savoury fillings.

Contents

Preparation

Crêpes are made by pouring a thin liquid batter onto a hot frying pan or flat circular hot plate, often with a trace of butter on the pan's surface. The batter is spread evenly over the cooking surface of the pan or plate either by tilting the pan or by distributing the batter with an offset spatula. There are also specially designed crêpe makers with a heatable circular surface that can be dipped in the batter and quickly pulled out to produce an ideal thickness and evenness of cooking. A cooked crêpe is a very thin pancake.

Common savoury fillings for crêpes served for lunch or dinner are cheese, ham, and eggs, ratatouille, mushrooms, artichoke (in certain regions), and various meat products.

When sweet, they can be eaten as part of breakfast or as a dessert. They can be filled and topped with various sweet toppings, often including Nutella spread, preserves, sugar (granulated or powdered), maple syrup, lemon juice, whipped cream, fruit spreads, custard, and sliced soft fruits or confiture.

Types and special crêpes

Crêpes are especially popular throughout France. The common ingredients include flour, eggs, milk, butter, and a pinch of salt. Crêpes are usually of two types: sweet crêpes (crêpes sucrées) made with wheat flour and slightly sweetened; and savoury galettes (crêpes salées) made with buckwheat flour and unsweetened. The name "galette" came from the French word galet ("pebble"), since the first gallettes were made on a large pebble heated in a fire. Batter made from buckwheat flour is gluten-free, which makes it possible for people who have a gluten allergy or intolerance to eat this type of crêpe.[citation needed]

Mille crêpe

Mille crêpe is a French cake made of many crêpe layers. The word mille means "a thousand", implying the many layers of crêpe.[2]

A sweet crêpe served with strawberries and whipped cream

Another standard French and Belgian crêpe is the crêpe Suzette, a crêpe with lightly grated orange peel and liqueur (usually Grand Marnier) which is subsequently lit upon presentation.[3]

Cherry Kijafa Crêpes are also often common and are made with a traditional crêpe base, but filled with cherries simmered in a Kijafa wine sauce.[4]

Some chefs insist that Beef Wellington include a crêpe, wrapping the coated meat to retain moisture, thereby preventing the pastry from going soggy.[citation needed]

A common recipe practiced among bodybuilders is what is called a "bodybuilder's crêpe", made with whey protein powder, flavoring, egg white, and other ingredients such as cottage cheese, oats, and peanut butter. They are prepared the same way as normal crêpes are, but can sometimes cook much faster.[clarification needed][citation needed]

Crêperies

A small crêperie

A crêperie may be a takeaway restaurant or stall, serving crêpes as a form of fast food or street food, or may be a more formal sit-down restaurant or café.

Crêperies are typical of Brittany in France; however, crêperies can be found throughout France and in many other countries.

Because a crêpe may be served as both a main meal or a dessert, crêperies may be quite diverse in their selection and may offer other baked goods such as baguettes. They may also serve coffee, tea, buttermilk and cider (a popular drink to accompany crêpes).

In other countries

In Swedish, a crêpe is called Pannkaka, in Dutch a pannenkoek or Flensjes, and in Afrikaans a pannekoek, which is usually served with cinnamon sugar. In Italy, crêpes are called crespella. In the Spanish regions of Galicia and Asturias they are traditionally served at carnivals. In Galicia they're called filloas, and may also be made with pork blood instead of milk. In Asturias they are called fayueles or frixuelos, and in Turkey, "Akıtma".

In areas of Eastern Europe formerly belonging to the Austro-Hungarian empire, there is a thin pancake comparable to a crêpe that in Austro-Bavarian is called Palatschinken or Omletten; in Hungarian: palacsinta; and in Bosnian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Czech, Croatian and Slovene: palačinka; in Slovak: palacinka. In the Balkan region such as the countries of Albania, Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia, palačinka or palaçinka may be eaten with fruit jam, quark cheese, sugar, honey, or the hazelnut-chocolate cream Nutella. In Ashkenazi Jewish cuisine, there is a similar dish known as the blintz. The Oxford English Dictionary derives the German and Slavic words from the Hungarians palacsinta, which it derives from the Romanian plăcintă ("pie, pancake"), which comes in turn from classical Latin placenta ("small flat cake"). In Chile and Argentina they are called panqueques and are often eaten with dulce de leche (known in English as "milk caramel").

The names for thin crêpes in other parts of Europe are:

Dishes with similar appearance, taste and preparation methods exist in other parts of the world as well. In India, a crêpe made of fermented rice batter is called a dosa, which often has savoury fillings. Another variety is called Patibola and is sweet in taste due to milk, jaggery or sugar. The injera of Ethiopian/Eritrean/Somali/Yemeni cuisine is often described as a thick crêpe. Also in Somalia, malawax is very similar to a crêpe. It is mostly eaten at breakfast.

Crêpes in culture

In France, crêpes are traditionally served on Candlemas (La Chandeleur), February 2. This day was originally Virgin Mary's Blessing Day but became known as "avec Crêpe Day", referring to the tradition of offering crêpes. The belief was that if you could catch the crêpe with a frying pan after tossing it in the air with your left hand and holding a gold coin in your right hand, you would become rich that year.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. 3rd Ed. 2008.
    Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  2. ^ Hesser, Amanda (2005-05-15). "The Way We Eat: Building a Modern, Multistoried Dessert". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/15/magazine/15FOOD.html. 
  3. ^ Courtine, Robert J. (1984), Larousse gastronomique (French edition), Paris: Librairie Larousse.
  4. ^ Pancake House (2007). "Cherry Kijafa Crepes"; retrieved from http://www.originalpancakehouse.com/phm_crepes2.html.
  5. ^ Clay, Xanthe (2007-02-17). "With a flame in your art". London: Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/recipes/3336639/With-a-flame-in-your-art.html. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crêpe — Crêpe …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Crepe — Crêpe Pour les articles homonymes, voir Crêpe (homonymie). crêpes empilées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • crêpe — 1. (krê p ) s. m. 1°   Sorte d étoffe claire, légère et comme frisée, faite de laine fine ou de soie crue et gommée. Crêpe blanc, noir, rose. Robe, voile de crêpe. Crêpe lisse, celui qui n est pas frisé. •   Ils feront aussi des crêpes unis et… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Crêpe — 〈[krɛ̣p]〉 I 〈m. 6 oder 1〉 = Krepp (I) II 〈m. 6 oder f. 10〉 = Krepp (II) Krẹpp oV Crêpe I 〈m. 6 oder m. 1; Textilw.〉 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Crepe — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Crepes …   Wikipedia Español

  • crepé — 1. Voz tomada del francés crêpe, ‘tejido rugoso de lana, seda o algodón’ y ‘goma rugosa empleada en la confección de suelas de zapatos’: «Una atroz blusita de crepé» (Fuentes Cristóbal [Méx. 1987]); «Sus zapatos abotinados [...] de suela de… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Crepe — (Fancy Crepe, Crape) Originally called crapes, and were always black and used for mourning purposes. It is a puckered or crinkled fabric. Special hard twisted yarns are used, and when the cloth is washed or finished a crepe effect is produced… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • crepé — sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Área: industria Caucho sintético que se emplea en industria: una suela de crepé. El crepé se obtiene por el secado del caucho con aire caliente. 2. (no contable) Tejido con relieves parecido al crespón: El… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • crepe — or crêpe [krāp; krep] n. [Fr crêpe < L crispus: see CRISP] 1. a thin, crinkled cloth of silk, rayon, cotton, wool, etc.; crape 2. a) CRAPE (sense 2) b) CREPE RUBBER …   English World dictionary

  • Crepe — Cr[^e]pe (kr[asl]p), [F.] n. 1. Same as {Crape}. [Also spelled {crepe}.] [1913 Webster] 2. (kr[^a]p; Eng. kr[=a]p), Any of various crapelike fabrics, whether crinkled or not. 3. A small thin pancake. [wns16=2] [PJC] 4. Paper with a finely crinkle …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • crepe — crêpe [kreıp] n [Date: 1700 1800; : French; Origin: crêpe, from Old French crespe curled , from Latin crispus; CRISP2] 1.) [U] a type of light soft thin cloth, with very small folded lines on its surface, made from cotton, silk, wool etc 2.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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