- Attribution theory
Attribution theory is a
social psychologytheory developed by Fritz Heider, Harold Kelley, Edward E. Jones, and Lee Ross.
The theory is concerned with the ways in which people explain (or attribute) the behavior of others or themselves (self-attribution) with something else. It explores how individuals "attribute" causes to events and how this cognitive perception affects their usefulness in an organization.
Internal versus external
The theory divides the way people attribute
causesto events into two types.
* "External" or "situational"
attributionassigns causality to an outside factor, such as the weather.
* "Internal" or "dispositional" attribution assigns causality to factors within the person, such as their own level of intelligence or other variables that make the individual responsible for the event.
covariation modeldeveloped by Harold Kelleyexamines how people decide whether an internal or an external attribution will be made.
Correspondent inference theory
Locus of control
* Heider, Fritz. (1958). "The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations". New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-36833-4
* [http://www.as.wvu.edu/~sbb/comm221/chapters/attrib.htm Essay on Attribution by Steve Booth-Butterfield of West Virginia University (1996)]
* [http://hebb.uoregon.edu/01-02tech.pdf "From Attributions to Folk Explanations: An Argument in 10 (or so) Steps" (Bertram Malle, University of Oregon, 2002).]
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