Banu Abs

Banu 'Abs
Total population
2,000,000
Regions with significant populations
Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq
Languages

Najdi Arabic

Religion

Sunni Islam

The Banu ʿAbs بنو عبس (Arabic for sons of 'Abs) is an ancient Bedouin tribe from central Arabia, they branch from the powerful Ghatafan tribes. They still inhabit the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. Of the earliest stories concerning this tribe was the famous classical love and war story of Antar and Abla. Antarah ibn Shaddad al Absi (c.525-615), was one of the seven great pre-Islamic Arab poets, throughout this non-fiction story, he displayed Chivalry, bravery, and eloquence in the Arabic language. This earned him the name among all of the Arabs of the Peninsula as the "Complete Knight". Furthermore, he was the author of the Divan and he was a Warrior, his father was the leader of the Banu Abs Shaddad and his mother was Zabiba, an African slave.

Contents

History

The Banu 'Abs originate almost 2000 years ago branching from the Ghatafan clan, and had inhabited and still inhabit the outskirts of Hail in modern Nejd in an area called today Hurrat Bani Rasheed. The Tribe is known for its independence and bravery, as it had been called one of the Jamarat of the Arabs, or the most powerful tribes that took no allegiance to anyone but themselves. The earliest stories regard tales of war and chivalry before Islam, in the famous war of AlDahhas wil Ghabraa, between them and their cousins Bani Thibyan, which had lasted almost 40 years. The war had ended when the King Zuhair of the Banu 'Abs , had called for an end to the bloodshed, asking the wealthy merchants of both tribes to pay the losses caused by the war. Before he had died King Zuhair had predicted like many Christians and Jews before him that there will arrive a Prophet that will unite humanity under God's rule, and had advised for his tribe to follow the future Prophet with all allegiance. Soon, enough, they had willingly done so, and Islam had become their religion, and the whole tribe had humbly converted before the Hijra of the Muslims to Madinah.

After the Prophet Muhammad had died, the tribe of 'Abs, had willingly participated in the Arab conquests and their tribe members had reached the outskirts of the Middle East and North Africa, toppling dictatorships, and converting the masses under Islam. Today, many peoples from all around North Africa, and the Middle East can claim ancestry to this legendary tribe.

Throughout centuries, this tribe has had vast encounters with invaders, and conquerors attempting to invade them, in the most famous encounter with the Sassanid Empire, where the tribe of 'Abs had no more than 3000 fighters, and they were faced by the behemeth of Persia, with 20,000 warriors, and the tribe of 'Abs had successfully won the war, although one of the largest Persian generals at the time commanded such an army against the small tribe.

Even, after many centuries, the latest migration of large amounts of the Banu Abs to North Africa, was in the strife revolving around the unification of the Second Saudi State although they demanded autonomy to themselves, as the Ottoman Empire had granted them for so long.

Genealogy

The Banu 'Abs are of the Northern "Arabized" Arabs and the tribal name leads to Adnan (father of Northern Arabs) and the full name is Abs ibn Bughaydh ibn Raith ibn Ghatafan ibn Sa'd ibn Qais Aeelan ibn Modhar ibn Nizar ibn Ma'd ibn Adnan.They are relatives to many tribes in Arabia and are far cousins of Quraysh, Banu Tamim, and Kinanah. Also part of the Ghatafan tribes close to the Banu 'Abs are the Mutair and Thibyaan.

Modern times

Today, most of the politically active members of the tribe are in the Kuwaiti Parliament, here are the current Parliament members:

1. Former Parliament Member, Abbas bin Habib Al-Minawir Al-Musaylim, a very influential political figure until now, and an area in Kuwait has been named after him, Al Abbasiyah.

2. Former Parliament Member, Barrak bin Nassir kAl-Noun Al-Aouni, one of also the most influential figures in Kuwait today.

3. Current Parliament Member, Ali bin Salim Al-Ajiylan Al-Diqbasi

4. Also, a rising member is Thekraa Al-Rashidi, that lives in Kuwait. As a famous lawyer, she is also a strong contender in the upcoming elections.

Also the 'Abs Universal Organization for Social Development is a non-profit organization dedicated to:

"Social, cultural, economic and humanitarian organization. It aims to improve the living conditions of Rashaida people and in particular the Rashaida people in the Sudan, Eritrea and poor areas. Also, it aims to raise the level of education and cultural knowledge for Rashaida people in the whole Arabic world."

- The organization includes some charities. The charities are going to build some schools and hospitals in some poor countries which are home to Rashidi people.

The President is Mr. Fayez Albghaili Al- Rashidi

Secretary-General is Mr. Mubarak Al-Duwailah

Deputy of Secretary-General Dr. Abdullah Saad Alawaimrai"5


Other Famous intellectuals include:

1. Dr. Basheer Alrashidi (Psychiatrist)

2. Mohammed Al-Rashidi (Journalist)

3. Dr. Mustafa al'Absi (Professor)

4. Mohammed Al-Rasheedi (Politician)

Banu Rasheed

Currently, Bani Rasheed or Rashaida are sons of Rasheed Al-Zaul . Rasheed AlZual was one of Banu Ab's famous warriors, living in the 7th century, and afterwards his progeny had named themselves after them. The Banu Abs tribe are currently located in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Jordan, Palestine, Persian Gulf states and North Africa.

Al Hubus

The Habsi tribe is one of the largest tribes of Oman. The inhabitants of this tribe reside in the Eastern region of Oman, and Ras Al Khaima along side the Shuhooh. They descend directly from Banu Abs, and branch into several other large tribes. Some of the most notable are, The Jawaber (Al Jabry, which is distinct from Bani Jabir of Yemen or Hamdan, present in other parts of Oman), Yal Thaneen, Aial Mahara, Aial Abdu, Awlad Habn, Al Ghassassina, Bani Bu Said, Maqadima, Ghananima, Sawalem, Najyah, Asiyrah.

The Habsi tribe and its many branches are known for their courage, strength, and bravery, as were their ancestors (Banu Abs).

Distinctive Culture

The modern Bedouins in Arabia value Ancient Arabic traditions such as chivalry, honor, bravery, truthfulness, nobility, and generosity. The Banu 'Abs however are known for their unique values that greatly value very old traditions above and much more, which are distinct alongside many other tribes in Arabia, that have succeeded in preserving their traditional dress, language, and ethics although several countries around them have been Westernized. Their dialect is Nejdi, and are a mix between the Northern people of Hail, and also it is evident that they speak in a Bedouin dialect as well. They even have their own tribal emblem or symbol, which is common amongst Arab tribes.

Notable Tribe Members

See also

References

(Arabic Websites)

1. http://www.bani-3abs.com/inf/articles-action-show-id-8.htm

2. http://www.bani-3abs.net/aa/showthread.php?t=65795

3. http://www.alkfh.com/vb/showthread.php?t=17449

4. http://www.palestineremembered.com/Gaza/al-Faluja/Story9291.html

5. http://www.facebook.com/home.php#/group.php?gid=40038845495&ref=ts


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Banu Abs — Tribu de bédouins d arabie centrale, dont est originaire Antar Ibn Shadad le grand poète et guerrier arabe de l époque jahiliya. Le nom de la tribu fait référence à Adnan, ancêtre traditionnel des arabes du nord. Portail du monde arabe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Banu Ghatafan — ( ar. بنو غطفان) are a massive ancient tribe north of Medinah and from them come the tribes of Banu Abs and Ashga and Banu Thibyaan. They were one of the Arab tribes that interacted with Muhammad. They are notable for allying themselves with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Banu Qays — est le nom d une ancienne tribu arabe. Histoire Les Banu Qays font partie des Arabes du nord (muta arriba), ils auraient eu pour ancêtre Adnan, descendant d Ismaël, fils d Abraham. À l époque préislamique, ce groupe était constitué de beaucoup de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Najd — A view of the Tweig (Tuwaiq) Escarpment from the west. The Saudi capital Riyadh lies just beyond the horizon. Najd or Nejd (Arabic: نجد ‎, Naǧd), literally Highland, is the central region of the Arabian Peninsula …   Wikipedia

  • Tribes of Arabia — Arabs are a semitic people, descending from various Old North Arabian tribes.Much of the the lineage provided before Ma ad relies on biblical genealogy and therefore its accuracy from that link uses the bible as a genealogical historical record.… …   Wikipedia

  • Arabian tribes that interacted with Muhammad — There were several Tribes of Arabia that interacted with Muhammad. IntroductionThe most prominent of such Arabian tribes were the Banu Quraish (Arabic for Sons of Quraish ) which were in turn divided into several . The Qur aish sub clan of Banu… …   Wikipedia

  • Bani Rasheed — ( ar. بني رشيد, الرشايدة), also known as Rashaida, is one of the largest tribes in the Arabian Peninsula. It is an Adnani tribe (related to Banu Abs). The great grandfather of the Bani Rasheed is Rasheed alZaul of the Banu Abs tribe.Bani Rasheed… …   Wikipedia

  • Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman — Huthayfa ibn al Yaman (d. 656) (also written as Hudhayfah or Huthaifa) was a close companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and one of the earliest converts to Islam. He is particularly revered by the Sufis and he related a considerable number… …   Wikipedia

  • Племена и кланы Аравийского полуострова — Список аравийских племён и кланов включает в себя перечень племён и кланов (как уже исчезнувших, так и живущих поныне) Аравийского полуострова, населяющих территории современных государств Саудовская Аравия, Йемен, Оман, Объединённые Арабские… …   Википедия

  • Antarah ibn Shaddad —   Antarah Ibn Shaddād al Absī عنترة بن شداد العبسي was a pre Islamic Arabian Najdi hero and poet (525 608) famous both for his poetry and his adventurous life. What many consider his best or chief poem is contained in the Mu allaqat. The… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.