- Samvat (calendar eras)
Samvat is a term that refers to eras that are used in Indian
calendars. They are as under along with the present year (as in 2008) [Dainik Bhaskar, Jaipur (Sawai Madhopur), 6 Aril 2008] :
Sri Krishna Samvat- 5234
Yudhisthira Samvat- 5109
Baudh Samvat- 2583
Jaina Samvat(Mahavira Nirvana) - 2535
Sri Shankaracharya Samvat- 2288 Fact|date=September 2008
Vikrama Samvat- 2065
Shaka Samvat/Shalivahana Samvat - 1930
Bangla Samvat- 1415
Kalachuri Samvat- 1760
Balabhi Samvat- 1688
Fali Samvat- 1419
Harshand Samvat- 1401
Conversion of current dates to these eras
Converting dates from the currently used
Gregorian calendarto these eras involves the following simple corrections to be made to the Gregorian calendar year number:
# Vikrama: add 57 or 56
# Shaka: subtract 78 or 79
# Bangla: subtract 593 or 594
# Jaina (Mahavira Nirvana): add 527 or 526
From the above, use the first correction (i.e. 57 in the case of the Vikrama Samvat) if the date falls between the beginning of the Indian year and the end of the Western year, and the second correction (56 in the case of the Vikrama Samvat) if the date falls between the beginning of the Western year and the end of the Indian year.
The Kali "Samvat"
The Kali Era is not called a "
Samvat" in common Indian usage, but since it's also an era, it might be useful to mention it here too. The Hindu calendar article has more information on the Kali Era. The conversion is given here:
* Add 3101 or 3100 (using the same guidelines as above) to the Gregorian year to get the number of elapsed Kali years.
3102or 3101 to get the current Kali yuga number.
* Remember that the former (of the above two) is the standard, as explained at the Hindu calendar article.
* This era also corresponds with
Yudhisthira Samvatin which we have present year as 5109 (2008 AD)
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