Black Woodpecker


Black Woodpecker
Black Woodpecker
Adult male with young.
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Genus: Dryocopus
Species: D. martius
Binomial name
Dryocopus martius
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Black woodpecker range

The Black Woodpecker, Dryocopus martius, is a large woodpecker, 45–50 cm (18–20 in) long with a 64–84 cm (25–33 in) wingspan.[1][2] Body weight is approximately 300-400 grams (10.6-14.2 oz) on average.[3][4] It is easily the largest woodpecker in its range.[5] This species is closely related to and fills the same ecological niche in Europe as the Pileated Woodpecker of North America.

It lives in mature forest across the northern palearctic. It is the sole representative of its genus in that region. Its range is expanding in Eurasia. It does not migrate.

Description

The plumage of this crow-sized woodpecker is entirely black apart from a red crown. In males, the entire crown is red, but in females only the top hindcrown is red with the rest of the body all black.[1] It has a very long beak of 2.5 inches (6.3 cm).

The sexes differ even as nestlings.

Behaviour

Tree work by Black Woodpecker

The woodpecker feeds by using its bill to hammer on dead trees to dig out carpenter ants and wood-boring grubs.[6]

Their voice is remarkable in that it has two different calls. One is a short single high-pitched note done only twice in a row. The other is a screech-like shrill while in flight.

Unlike other woodpecker species, the Black Woodpecker does not have a dipping, bounding flight.

The woodpecker digs a nest hole, usually in a live poplar or pine tree[6] where it lays four or more eggs.

References

  1. ^ a b The Birds of the Western Palearctic [Abridged]. OUP. 1997. ISBN 019854099X. 
  2. ^ http://www.avibirds.com/euhtml/Black_Woodpecker.html
  3. ^ http://www.world-of-animals.de/animal-lexicon/tierart_black-woodpecker.html
  4. ^ Rolstad, J. r.; Rolstad, E.; Sæteren, Øy. (2000). "Black Woodpecker Nest Sites: Characteristics, Selection, and Reproductive Success". The Journal of Wildlife Management 64 (4): 1053–1066. doi:10.2307/3803216. JSTOR 3803216. 
  5. ^ http://woodpeckersofeurope.info/?q=black_woodpecker
  6. ^ a b Rolstad, Jorund; Rolstad, E.; Sæteren, Øy. (2000). "Black Woodpecker Nest Sites: Characteristics, Selection, and Reproductive Success". The Journal of Wildlife Management (Allen Press) 64 (4): 1053–1066. doi:10.2307/3803216. JSTOR 3803216. 
  • Gorman, Gerard (2004): Woodpeckers of Europe: A Study of the European Picidae. Bruce Coleman, UK. ISBN 1-872842-05-4.
  • Gorman, Gerard (2011): The Black Woodpecker: A monograph on Dryocopus martius. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 978-84-96553-79-8.
  • BirdLife International (2004). Dryocopus martius. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Black Woodpecker — juodoji meleta statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Dryocopus martius angl. Black Woodpecker vok. Schwarzspecht …   Paukščių anatomijos terminai

  • black woodpecker — juodoji meleta statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Dryocopus martius angl. black woodpecker vok. Schwarzspecht, m rus. желна, f; чёрный дятел, m pranc. pic noir, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – meletos …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • black woodpecker — noun /ˈblækˈwudpɛkəɻ/ A bird species in the family Picidae; Dryocopus martius …   Wiktionary

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