Elberfeld


Elberfeld

. "For the baseball player with this name, see Kid Elberfeld."Elberfeld is a municipal subdivision of the German city of Wuppertal; it was an independent town until 1929.

History

The first official mentioning of the geographic area on the banks of today's Wupper River as "elverfelde" was in a document of 1161. Etymologically, "elver" is derived from the old Lower German word for "river." (See etymology of the name of the German Elbe River; cf. Scandinavian älv). Therefore the original meaning of "elverfelde" can be understood as "field on the river." Elverfelde received its town charter in 1610.

In 1726 Elias Eller and the pastor Daniel Schleiermacher founded a Philadelphian society. They later moved to Ronsdorf in the Duchy of Berg, becoming the Zionites, a fringe sect.

The 1820s saw the commencement of the Plymouth Brethren in Dublin, Ireland and Georgetown, British Guyana. This evangelical religious movement spread to the Continent and emerged in Germany chiefly out of Pietist groups through the work of Count Julius Anton von Poseck, William Henry Darby, C. Bailey and Carl Brockhaus. By the 1830s the resultant group had a focal point in Elberfeld and are known to the present as the Elberfelder Brethren [http://www.bruederbewegung.de Brueder Bewegung] . They have branches throughout Germany and Switzerland and beyond. A translation of the Darby Bible into German was produced by this group and is known as the Elberfelder Bible.

In 1826 Friedrich Harkort, a famous German industrialist and politician, had a type of suspension railway built as a trial and ran it on the grounds of what is today the tax office at Elberfeld. In fact the railway, the Schwebebahn Wuppertal, was eventually built between Oberbarmen and Vohwinkel and runs through Elberfeld.

In 1888 the district of Sonnborn was incorporated into Elberfeld. In 1929 the towns of Barmen, Elberfeld, Vohwinkel, Cronenberg and Ronsdorf became a municipal entity officially called "Barmen-Elberfeld;" in the same year, the unified city administration through a vote of its council members decided to rename the newly-incorporated city "Wuppertal." This took place in 1930. Today Elberfeld is the largest municipal subdivision of Wuppertal.

Notable residents

*Werner Eggerath, East German politician
*Carl Grossberg, artist
*Walter Kaufmann (physicist), physicist
*Erich Koch, NSDAP Gauleiter of East Prussia, Reichskommissar of Ukraine
*Johann Peter Lange, Protestant theologian
*Sir Hans Wolfgang Singer, economist
*Else Lasker-Schüler, poet
*Julius Pluecker, mathematician and physicist
*Sigurd Raschèr, saxophonist
*Horst Stein, conductor
*Horst Tappert, actor

ee also

* Elberfeld system
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kid_Elberfeld] Norman Arthur "Kid" Elberfeld, Baseball player


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  • Elberfeld — (hierzu der Stadtplan »Elberfeld und Barmen« mit Registerblatt), Stadt (Stadtkreis) im preuß. Regbez. Düsseldorf, liegt, von meist bewaldeten Höhen umgeben, zu befden Seiten der Wupper unmittelbar unterhalb Barmen, mit dem es sich ca. 11 km weit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Elberfeld — Elberfeld, Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Kreises in Rheinpreußen, einer der größten Fabrikörter nicht nur Preußens, sondern Deutschlands. Die Stadt besteht aus zwei Theilen, der Freiheit und dem Island, hat ein Gymnasium, eine Börse und… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Elberfeld — Elberfeld, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 636 Housing Units (2000): 271 Land area (2000): 0.310138 sq. miles (0.803254 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.310138 sq. miles (0.803254 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elberfeld, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 636 Housing Units (2000): 271 Land area (2000): 0.310138 sq. miles (0.803254 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.310138 sq. miles (0.803254 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elberfeld — Elberfeld, 1) Kreis des preußischen Regierungsbezirks Düsseldorf, 6 QM., 143,400 Ew. (darunter 115,194 Evangelische, 27,407 Katholiken, 538 Juden); 2) Kreisstadt darin an der Wupper, hat die Kreisbehörde, königliche Polizeidirection, Landgericht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Elberfeld — Elberfeld, Stadtkreis im preuß. Reg. Bez. Düsseldorf, an der Wupper, (1900) 156.966 E. (40.320 Katholiken, 1664 Israeliten), Land , Amtsgericht, königl. Eisenbahndirektion, Reichsbankstelle, Handelskammer, Bergische Bibelgesellschaft, Gymnasium,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Elberfeld — Elberfeld, rheinpreuß. Stadt an der Wupper, östl. von Düsseldorf, mit 50364 E., von denen 1/5 Katholiken, hat 2 lutherische, 1 reformirte, 1 kath. Kirche, ist ein Hauptsitz des deutschen Pietismus, mit Bibel u. Missionsgesellschaft. Zugleich ist… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Elberfeld — Wappen Karte Wappen der Stadt Elberfeld Hilfe zu Wappen Lage Elberfelds in der 1929 entstandenen Stadt Wuppertal (rot umrandet) Elberfeld war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elberfeld — 51° 15′ 26″ N 7° 08′ 57″ E / 51.2572, 7.14917 Elberfeld est un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elberfeld — Die Buchstaben und Zahlen zwischen den Linien | D3 | bezeichnen die Quadrate des Planes. E = Elberfeld, B = Barmen. AdersstraßeD3 AdlerstraßeB3 AdolfstraßeG3 AhornstraßeH1, 2 AlbertstraßeK3, 4 Albrechtsstraße (E)D2 – (B)H3 AlexanderstraßeC3… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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