subject_name = Yigal Amir
image_size = 150px
date_of_birth = birth date and age|1970|5|23
Murder, conspiracy to murder, and aggravated injury
Murder, conspiracy to murder, and aggravated injury
penalty = Life + 14 years
parents = Shlomo and Geula Amir
children = Yinon Amir
Yigal Amir ( _he. יגאל עמיר, born
May 23, 1970) is the Israeli assassinof Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin. The assassinationtook place November 4, 1995at the conclusion of a rally in Tel Aviv. Amir is currently serving a life sentencefor murderplus 14 years for conspiracy to murder Rabin on different occasions and for injuring Rabin's bodyguard, Yoram Rubin, under aggravating circumstances.
Before the assassination
Yigal Amir was born to an Orthodox Jewish family in
Herzliya, Israel. His mother, Geula, a kindergarten teacher, and his father, Shlomo, a soferand rabbi, immigrated to Israel from Yemen. Yigal Amir attended a Haredi elementary school in Herzliya and a high school yeshivain Tel Aviv. He then joined the Israel Defense Forcesas a " Hesder" student, combining army training in the Golani Brigadewith religious study at " Yeshivat Kerem B'Yavneh".
Amir was a
lawstudent at Bar-Ilan Universityand a right-wing radical who had strenuously opposed Rabin's signing of the Oslo Accords. During his studies at Bar-Ilan University, he was active in organizing protest rallies. Fact|date=November 2007
During his years as an activist, Amir became friendly with
Avishai Raviv, to whom he revealed his plan to kill Rabin. While Raviv posed as a right-wing radical, he was working for the Shabak, the Israeli secret service. Raviv was tried in 2000 for failing to prevent the assassination of Rabin, but was acquitted on all counts. Nevertheless, controversial assassination conspiracy theories have persisted.Fact|date=May 2008
Assassination and trials
November 4, 1995, after a demonstration held in support of the Oslo Accords, held in Tel Aviv's "Kings of Israel Square" (now Rabin Square), Amir awaited Rabin in the parking lot adjacent the square, close to Rabin's official limousine, where he shot Rabin twice with a Beretta84F semi-automatic pistol in .380 ACPcaliber. During the act, Amir also injured Yoram Rubin, a security guard, with another shot.
According to the court Yigal Amir's brother,
Hagai Amir, and his friend Dror Adani, were his accomplices in the assassination plan. Amir had attempted to assassinate Rabin twice throughout 1995, but those plans fell through moments before implementation. [ [http://en.chinabroadcast.cn/ce_critoday/archieves/2005/11/5/news/news/Israeli%20President%20Vows%20Never%20Pardon%20Assassin.htm Israeli President Vows Never Pardon Assassin] (CRIENGLISH) ]
Amir was caught at the scene. Upon hearing that Yitzhak Rabin was dead, Amir told the police he was "satisfied". [ [http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9511/rabin/amir/index.html 'I have no regrets' Law student confesses to killing Rabin] (CNN) ] Although pleading guilty, Amir was put on trial for the assassination which lasted from
January 23to March 27, 1996. Despite attempts to defend his actions of killing Rabin on religious grounds, he was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment plus six additional years in prison for injuring Rubin. In the verdict, the three judges wrote:
Every murder is an abominable act, but the act before us is more abominable sevenfold, because not only has the accused not expressed regret or sorrow, but he also seeks to show that he is at peace with himself over the act that he perpetrated. He who so calmly cuts short another's life, only proves the depth of wretchedness to which [his] values have fallen, and thus he does not merit any regard whatsoever, except pity, because he has lost his humanity. [ [http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/1990_1999/1996/3/Excerpts%20of%20Yigal%20Amir%20Sentencing%20Decision%20-%20March Excerpts of Yigal Amir Sentencing Decision] (mfa.gov.il)]
In a later trial, Amir was sentenced to an additional 5 years (and after an appeal on behalf of the State, 8 years) for conspiring to commit the assassination with his brother Hagai Amir and Dror Adani. All of the sentences were cumulative.
Amir was held in
isolationin Be'er Sheva Prison, and moved to Ayalon Prisonin 2003. His appeals of both sentences were rejected. Subsequently, a law was passed by the Knessetbarring the pardonby the President of Israelfor any assassin of a prime minister. Amir has never expressed regret for his actions.
Amir's act has been condemned by Bar-Ilan University and by the vast majority of Israeli politicians from the right wing.
While in prison, Amir became engaged to
Larisa Trembovler. Amir had met her years ago, when he was a teacher of Judaismsent by Israel to educate Russian Jews. Larisa first started to visit Amir in jail with her husband. Yigal and Larisa began exchanging letters and speaking on the phone, after she expressed ideological support for him. She left her husband and academic career because of her public personal ties with Amir.
After her divorce, Amir requested to marry Larisa and to receive the privilege to conjugally unite with his intended wife. In January 2004, the
Israel Prison Serviceannounced that it would prohibit Amir from marrying in jail and in April 2004, and the Tel AvivDistrict Court upheld the decision. However, in August 2004 Yigal Amir and Larisa married outside Israeli official channels according to Jewish law, by giving his father " power of attorney" to transfer a wedding ring to his bride. In July 2005 their marriage was validated by a Rabbinical court, but not by the Israeli Ministry of the Interior. The prison administration issued a statement saying that its policy on " conjugal visits" would not change. In February 2006 Attorney General Menachem Mazuzhad ordered the Interior Ministry to register Amir and Larissa as a married couple in response to a petition filed by Larisa.
In late August 2005 Amir applied to the prison authorities to allow him and his new wife to conceive a child through
in vitro fertilisation. In March 2006 the Israeli Prison Service allowed Amir by his petition to have a child with his wife through artificial insemination. The Service was to study how this process would be conducted without Amir leaving the prison. A week later it reported that Amir was caught when he tried to give his wife a previously prepared plastic bag with semen; the visit was ended. [ [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1139395571603&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull Tapes catch Amir smuggling sperm] (The Jerusalem Post)] [ [http://www.metimes.com/articles/normal.php?StoryID=20060310-064227-9798r Jailed Rabin killer tries to smuggle sperm] (Middle East Times)] After the incident, a disciplinary tribunal denied him visits for 30 days and phone calls for 14 days. He was fined NIS 100 (then US $21). When the treatments were withheld due to a petition by several members of Knesset, Yigal Amir refused to eat. After being warned that hunger strikeswere a violation of prison regulations, he was stripped of his privileges, including phone and visitation rights. [ [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1145961238217&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull Yigal Amir refused fertilization; refuses food] (The Jerusalem Post)]
Up until October 20, 2006 the Shabak security service had opposed unsupervised visits. [ [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/778758.html Rabin killer Amir to begin conjugal visit] (Haaretz)] Four days later, Amir was allowed a 10-hour-long
conjugal visitwith Larisa. Five months later it was reported that Larisa was pregnant, [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/rabin-assassin-to-be-father/2007/03/13/1173722427027.html Rabin assassin to be father] (The Sydney Morning Herald)] and on October 28 2007she gave birth to a son: Yinon Eliya Shalom ( _he. ינון אליה שלום). The brit milahtook place in Rimonim prison on November 4, 2007 after Amir's appeal to the district court to be present at his son's circumcision was accepted. [ [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/920208.html Rabin assassin Yigal Amir's son circumcised in tent on prison grounds] (Haaretz)]
Since 2007 the Amir family and the "Committee for Democracy" campaign to release Yigal and Hagai Amir. The campaign includes statements for the media, stickers, posters and two short films. The activists working with the Amir family include
Avigdor Eskin, Baruch Marzeland Itamar Ben-Gvir.fact
* [http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/1990_1999/1996/3/Excerpts%20of%20Yigal%20Amir%20Sentencing%20Decision%20-%20March Excerpts of the State of Israel vs. Yigal Amir, March 27, 1996]
*he icon [http://elyon1.court.gov.il/files/99/720/031/a04/99031720.a04.HTM Yigal Amir vs. the Prison Authority] at the Supreme Court of Justice, August 8, 1999
*he icon [http://elyon1.court.gov.il/files/96/190/080/f01/96080190.f01.HTM Yigal Amir, Hagai Amir and Dror Adani vs. the State of Israel] at the Supreme Court, August 29, 1999
*he icon [http://elyon1.court.gov.il/files/04/140/047/g10/04047140.g10.HTM Yigal Amir vs. the Prison Authority] at the Supreme Court of Justice, November 8, 2004
*he icon [http://www.yigalamir.co.il/ Amir family website]
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