Pringlea antiscorbutica


Pringlea antiscorbutica

taxobox
name = Kerguelen Cabbage


regnum = Plantae
unranked_divisio = Angiosperms
unranked_classis = Eudicots
unranked_ordo = Rosids
ordo = Brassicales
familia = Brassicaceae
genus = "Pringlea"
species = "P. antiscorbutica"
binomial = "Pringlea antiscorbutica"
binomial_authority = Hook. f.|

Kerguelen cabbage ("Pringlea antiscorbutica") is a flowering plant in the Family Brassicaceae and thus related to cabbage. The species grows on the Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Crozet, Prince Edward, Marion and Kerguelen Islands. These remote islands are at roughly 50º South Latitude, constantly buffeted by strong winds. This makes pollination by flying insects impractical, explaining why the Kerguelen cabbage is self-pollinating. At the mature stage, this species exhibits several adaptations linked to cold tolerance such as high polyamine levels, potential adaptations and polyamine response.

It was named after the island of its discovery, Kerguelen Island, and its generic name derives from Sir John Pringle, President of the Royal Society at the time of its discovery by Captain James Cook's Surgeon, William Anderson in 1776.

The plant is edible, containing high levels of potassium. Its leaves contain a Vitamin C-rich oil, a fact which, in the days of sailing ships, made it very attractive to British sailors suffering from scurvy, hence the species name, which means "against scurvy" in Latin.

The micropezid fly species "Calycopteryx mosleyi" is associated with this plant. Both are endangered by rabbits which feed on the cabbage.

External links

* http://www.btinternet.com/~sa_sa/kerguelen/kerguelen_cabbage.html
* http://www.anbg.gov.au/anbg/sub-antarctic/article3.html


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pringlea antiscorbutica — Kerguelenkohl Alte Pflanze auf den Kerguelen, Rallier du Baty Systematik Klasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pringlea antiscorbutica —   Col de Kerguelen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pringlea antiscorbutica — Chou de Kerguelen Chou de Kerguelen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pringlea antiscorbutica — …   Википедия

  • Pringlea — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Pringlea P. antiscorbutica Clasifi …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pringlea — Kerguelenkohl Alte Pflanze auf den Kerguelen, Rallier du Baty Systematik Klasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pringlea — Chou de Kerguelen Chou de Kerguelen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pringlea — Hook. fil., Gattung der Kruziferen mit der einen Art P. antiscorbutica Hook. lil. (Kerguelenkohl), eine Pflanze mit dickem, liegendem Rhizom, keilförmigen, rundlichen, in einen dichten, kohlartigen Kopf zusammenschließenden Blättern, kleinen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kerguelenkohl — Alte Pflanze auf den Kerguelen, Rallier du Baty Systematik Rosiden Euro …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chou De Kerguelen — Chou de Kerguelen …   Wikipédia en Français


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