List of islands of Denmark


List of islands of Denmark
Map showing some of the larger islands

This is a list of islands of Denmark.

Contents

Overview

There are about 406 islands in Denmark, not including the Faroe Islands or Greenland.[1] Some 70 of them are populated but the remainder are uninhabited. Some of the uninhabited islands have only become uninhabited in recent decades, for economic reasons.

Definition

Different lists of Danish islands vary, depending on how the word "island" is defined. According to the official Danish Government definition, an "island" needs to be surrounded by water at least one-half metre deep and also have land vegetation growing on it to be recorded as such.[2]

Another common criterion is that an "island" needs to be surrounded by free-flowing, natural water and not just an artificial, narrow canal. According to this criterion, places such as Christianshavn and Holmen in Copenhagen, although sometimes referred to as artificial islands, are actually parts of the island of Amager.

Dynamic number

The number of islands in Denmark changes from time to time. New islands are occasionally formed by sedimentation. Several examples of these new islands are found in the waters around Æbelø, north of Funen, including Drætlingen which formed in the late 1990s, and a still unnamed islet that was registered in 2008. These new islands are generally less stable than larger, morainic islands, and may later disappear again. Other islands are created artificially. Peberholm, formed in the process of construction of the Øresund Bridge, is a notable example. Other artificial Danish islands include a number of marine fortresses off Copenhagen, such as Middelgrundsfortet, Trekroner Fort and Flakfortet.

Islands may also disappear. An example of this is Jordsand, one of the Danish Wadden Sea Islands. According to records from 1231, the island then had an area of about 2000 hectares (8 square miles). After a series of bad storms during that century, its area had decreased to around 41 hectares, and by 1763 to around 18 hectares. By 1895 Jordsand had ceased to exist.

In other cases, islands are absorbed by larger neighbouring masses of dry land, as a result of either natural sedimentation or artificial land reclamation in the channels separating them. Sometimes this means that an island becomes a cape or headland.

Denmark's second largest island, the North Jutlandic Island, was not always an island. A storm on February 3, 1825 penetrated the narrow land mass, Agger Tange, and thus separated Northern Jutland from the rest of Jutland. The area had earlier been an island, when a strait at Vust had been open prior to the 12th century.

List of 100 largest Danish islands

This is a list of the largest islands of Denmark (Press the symbol after the headings in the table to rearrange the list according to population size, location or alphabetically):

Rank Island’s name Area
km2
Population[3]
(2010)
Location
1 Zealand 7,031 2,164,217 Baltic Sea / Kattegat / Øresund / Great Belt
2 North Jutlandic Island 4,685 302,546 North Sea
3 Funen 2,985 454,358 Great Belt / Little Belt
4 Lolland 1,243 65,764 Baltic Sea
5 Bornholm 588 42,154 Baltic Sea
6 Falster 514 43,398 Baltic Sea
7 Mors 368 21,800 Limfjord
8 Als 312 51,322 Little Belt
9 Langeland 284 13,277 Great Belt
10 Møn 218 9,909 Baltic Sea
11 Rømø 129 680 Wadden Sea, North Sea
12 Samsø 112 4,010 Kattegat
13 Læsø 101 1,969 Kattegat
14 Amager 95.3 171,210 Øresund
15 Ærø 88 6,669 South Funen Archipelago
16 Tåsinge 70 6,187 South Funen Archipelago
17 Fanø 56 3,219 Wadden Sea, North Sea
18 Fur 22 856 Limfjorden
19 Anholt 22 171 Kattegat
20 Fejø 16 543 Smålandsfarvandet
21 Saltholm 16.0 4 Øresund
22 Orø 15 881 Isefjorden
23 Endelave 13.1 187 Kattegat
24 Bogø 13.0 1,101 Storstrømmen
25 Sejerø 12.4 370 Kattegat
26 Femø 11.0 146 Smålandsfarvandet
27 Jegindø 7.9 486 Limfjord
28 Mandø 7.6 46 Wadden Sea, North Sea
29 Thurø 7.5 3,725 South Funen Archipelago
30 Alrø 7.5 160 Horsens Fjord
31 Agersø 7.0 207 Great Belt
32 Venø 6.5 197 Limfjord
33 Bågø 6.2 35 Little Belt
34 Lyø 6.0 108 South Funen Archipelago
35 Egholm 6 54 Limfjord
36 Avernakø 5.9 110 South Funen Archipelago
37 Årø 5.7 164 Little Belt
38 Glænø 5.6 57 Smålandsfarvandet
49 Gavnø 5.5 37 Great Belt
40 Strynø 4.9 215 South Funen Archipelago
41 Nyord 4.8 40 Baltic Sea
42 Omø 4.5 171 Great Belt
43 Drejø 4.3 66 South Funen Archipelago
44 Fænø 3.9 2 Little Belt
45 Agerø 3.8 33 South Funen Archipelago
46 Tunø 3.5 118 Kattegat
47 Enø 3.4 297 Smålandsfarvandet
48 Livø 3.3 9 Limfjord
59 Hjarnø 3.2 98 Kattegat
50 Askø 2.82 43 Smålandsfarvandet
51 Æbelø 2.50 - Kattegat
52 Barsø 2.50 22 Little Belt
53 Nekselø 2.20 20 Kattegat (Sejrøbugten)
54 Brandsø 2.00 - Little Belt
55 Skarø 1.97 35 South Funen Archipelago
56 Tærø 1.73 1 Storstrømmen
57 Masnedø 1.68 126 Storstrømmen
58 Vejrø 1.57 - Storstrømmen
59 Bjørnø 1.50 37 South Funen Archipelago
60 Sprogø 1.50 - Great Belt
61 Eskilsø 1.39 3 Roskilde Fjord
62 Dybsø 1.34 - Smålandsfarvandet
63 Vigelsø 1.32 - Odense Fjord
64 Siø 1.31 18 South Funen Archipelago
65 Langø 1.30 3 Storstrømmen
66 Peberholm 1.3 - Øresund
67 Romsø 1.09 - Great Belt
68 Skalø 1.06 6 Smålandsfarvandet
69 Enehøje 1.04 - Nakskov Fjord
70 Langli 1.00 - Wadden Sea, North Sea
71 Hjortø 0.90 8 South Funen Archipelago
72 Farø 0.93 3 Storstrømmen
73 Birkholm 0.92 10 South Funen Archipelago
74 Illumø 0.90 - South Funen Archipelago (Helnæsbugten)
75 Lilleø 0.86 5 Storstrømmen
76 Rågø 0.80 - Smålandsfarvandet
77 Hesselø 0.71 - Kattegat
78 Store Egholm 0.70 - South Funen Archipelago
89 Hjelm 0.63 - Kattegat
80 Vorsø 0.6 - Horsens Fjord
81 Halmø 0.50 - South Funen Archipelago
82 Strynø Kalv 0.50 - South Funen Archipelago (Helnæsbugten )
83 Fjendø 0.40 - Nissum Fjord
84 Vejlø 0.37 - Nakskov Fjord
85 Mejlø 0.34 - Kattegat / Great Belt
86 Draget 0.28 - Kattegat (off Bogense)
87 Store Svelmø 0.27 - South Funen Archipelago
88 Christiansø 0.25 101 Baltic Sea
89 Kalvø, Guldborgsund 0.22 - Baltic Sea (Guldborgsund)
90 Slotsholmen 0.21 14 Øresund
91 Tornø 0.21 4 Odense Fjord
92 Græsholm, Hirsholmene 0.21 2 Kattegat
93 Vigø 0.20 - South Funen Archipelago (Helnæsbugten)
94 Slotø 0.20 - Nakskov Fjord
95 Hjælmshoved 0.20 - South Funen Archipelago
96 Kalvø, Germer Bugt 0.17 11 Little Belt
97 Hirsholm 0.17 2 Kattegat
98 Ejlinge 0.16 - Kattegat
99 Møgelø 0.14 - Julsø

Other populated islands

  • Frederiksø - see Christiansø above
  • Store Okseø, 3 inhabitants
  • Trekroner, 1 inhabitant

Areas sometimes referred to as islands

  • Jordsand, a former island
  • Vejlø, a peninsula but in some sources referred to as an island
  • Christianshavn, considered part of Amager Island
  • Holmen, considered part of Christianshavn/Amager

Other small unpopulated islands

  • Lindholm, Stege Bugt (which has a medical research facility)[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures", Danish Defence, Defence Command Denmark. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  2. ^ "Hov - den der ø har jeg ikke set før". Politiken. http://politiken.dk/kultur/article1026969.ece. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  3. ^ "Danmarks Statistik." Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  4. ^ "Lindholm Forsøgsstation", Møn Kulturarvsatlas. (Danish) 13 June 2010.

External links


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