Alucra

Infobox Settlement

settlement_type = District
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = TUR
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
map_caption =Location of PAGENAME within Turkey.
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3

official_name = Alucra


image_caption =
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_type =



subdivision_type1=Region
subdivision_name1 = Black Sea
subdivision_type2=Province
subdivision_name2 = Giresun| population_total = 14365|population_footnotes=
population_as_of =| 2000
population_footnotes =
population_density_km2 =
area_total_km2 = 1200|elevation_m = 1524|latd = 40
latm = 19
latNS = N
longd = 38
longm = 46
longEW = E
postal_code_type=Postal code
postal_code = 28700
area_code = 0454
blank_info = 28|blank_name=Licence plate
leader_title=Mayor
leader_name = İbrahim Bıyıkçı
website = http://www.alucra.bel.tr

Alucra is a town and a district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, convert|130|km|mi|0|abbr=on from the city of Giresun.

Etymology

Alucra is a modification of the Ottoman Empire name "El Ücra" meaning "far-off' or "remote".

Geography

Alucra is an inland district, high in the Giresun Mountains, at the source of the Kelkit River. The weather on the Black Sea coast is typically wet and humid but Alucra is high inland therefore much cooler in winter, when it snows, and then dry and hot in summer. The snow melts in March and April and the spring rains last until June, during these months the rivers are full. The countryside is high mountain and pasture, with fir tree cover on the north-facing mountainsides and bare southern faces. Cattle are grazed in the pastures and some wheat is grown despite the dry summers, and in general Alucra is a collection of remote villages.

Local cuisine includes:
* Fit (Düü) Çorbası - a soup made of onions and bulgur wheat
* Yağlaç - a cornflour-based polenta-style meal
* Pancar Çorbası - beetroot soup
* Ekmek Aşı - dried bread soaked in a stew of fried meat with onions and hot pepper
* Ayran Çorbası - yoghurt soup
* Kesme Çorbası - a kind of local minestrone soup with lentils and dumplings
* Helle - a soupy dish of bulgur and mint

In July there is a well-known summer festival

History

This area has firstly been settled by the Hittites in ancient era. During the Middle Ages Alucra was the part of the Byzantine Empire, disrupted by the Arab armies of the Abbasid caliphate.

Turks first came to the area in their 11th century movement into Anatolia from their homeland in Central Asia following their defeat of the Byzantines at the Battle of Malazgirt. From 1054 this area was settled by the Kipchak Turks from southern Russia, who moved into the area along the Black Sea coast, under the loose authority of the Seljuk Turks. The Seljuks assumed direct control by defeating the Beylik of Mengücek in 1228 but their rule came to an end with their defeat by the Mongol hordes at Kösedağ in 1243.

The Anatolian Turkish Beyliks remerged despite the growth of the Ottoman Empire until the area was brought into Ottoman in 1473 with the defeat of Uzun Hasan by Sultan Mehmet II at the battle of Otlukbeli.

Places of interest

As well as walks in the high pastures ("yayla") there are a number of historical sites:
* Kamışlı Kilisesi - a church in the town centre
* Gelinkaya (Bride's Rock - site of a gruesome local legend)
* Ikizler Tepesi - two hills near the village of "Pirilli"

Well-known residents

* The right-wing folk singer Ozan Arif

External links

* [http://www.alucra.gov.tr/ Local governor's official website]
* [http://www.alucra.com/resimler/ Photos of Alucra - 1]
* [http://www.alucravakfi.org/resim.asp?tur=376 Photos of Alucra - 2]
* [http://www.alucra.net/mainpgs.asp?wayno=20 Photos of Alucra - 3]
* [http://www.akcicekkoyu.com/Koy_foto.aspx Photos of the village of Akçiçek]
* [http://www.aktepeninsesi.com/index.php?option=com_ponygallery&Itemid=168 Village of Aktepe]
* [http://www.doludere.net/fotograflar.asp Village of Doludere]
* [http://www.tohumlukkoyu.com/Sayfa_Modul.asp?nedir=modul&isim=Gallery and Tohumlu Tohumluk]


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