Kolomoki Mounds Historic Park


Kolomoki Mounds Historic Park

Infobox_nrhp | name =Kolomoki Mounds
nrhp_type =nhl



caption = Temple Mound
nearest_city= Blakely, Georgia
locmapin = Georgia
area =
architect= Unknown
architecture=
designated= July 19, 1964cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=174&ResourceType=Site
title=Kolomoki Mounds |accessdate=2008-02-18|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service
]
added = October 15, 1966cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
governing_body = State
refnum=66000280
The Kolomoki Mounds are Woodland Period mounds built in Early County, Georgia. The mounds were named a National Historic Landmark in 1964.citation|title=PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/66000280.pdf National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Kolomoki Mounds] |32 KB|date=September, 1981 |author=Francine Weiss and Cecil McKithan |publisher=National Park Service and PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/66000280.pdf "Accompanying two photos, undated"] |32 KB]

Kolomoki Mounds

Kolomoki Mounds State Historic Park is an important archaeological site as well as a scenic recreational area. Kolomoki, covering some three hundred acres, is one of the larger preserved mound sites in the USA. Hundreds of years ago, Kolomoki, with its surrounding villages, burial mounds, and ceremonial plaza, was a center of population and activity in North America. The seven mounds of earth in the park were built between 250-950 A.D. by Swift Creek and Weeden Island Indians. These mounds include Georgia's oldest great temple mound, two burial mounds and four smaller ceremonial mounds. The park's museum is built with part of an excavated mound inside, providing an unusual setting for viewing artifacts and a film about how the mound was built and excavated.

Temple Mound

The Temple Mound is convert|56|ft|m high and measures 325 by convert|200|ft|m at the base. Research indicates that it would have taken over 2 million basket loads, each holding one cubic foot of earth, to build this mound. The Southern half of the mound is three feet higher and was probably the temple platform. From the top of the steps you can view most of the Kolomoki Archaeological Area. Approximately 1,500 - 2,000 residents lived in a village of thatched houses arched around the plaza.

Museum robbery

One night in March 1974, someone slipped into the old museum at the park and stole more than 129 ancient pots and effigies, numerous arrowheads and other treasures. Every artifact on display was stolen. Several years later, many of the pieces were recovered from Miami and St. Augustine, Florida. However, more than 70 relics are still missing, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources (DNR) is seeking public help in recovering these artifacts. Archeologists believe the pots are somewhere in Georgia or Florida. [ [http://georgiastateparks.org/net/content/item.aspx?s=1961 Georgia State Parks & Historic Sites ] ]

“These pieces are an important part of North American history and should be properly protected for future generations to study,” said park manager Matt Bruner. “They have significant meaning to the Native American people because many were used during burial ceremonies, plus they represent some of the finest craftsmanship of the Kolomoki culture.” He emphasized that the state is more interested in recovering the pots than prosecuting the people who have them.

To aid in his search, a website has been developed that lists photos and descriptions of all the missing pieces. Bruner is asking people to go online at the website in the external links section too see if anything is familiar. Officials believe the pots were stolen by thieves who may have sold them to unsuspecting collectors. Anyone with leads is encouraged to call the park at 229-724-2150.

Facilities

*1,293 Acres
*2 Lakes (50 acres and 80 acres)
*Indian Museum and Gift Shop ($1.75-$3)
*24 Tent, Trailer, RV Campsites ($21)
*7 Picnic Shelters ($30-$60)
*2 Group Shelters (seat 50 and 120, $90-$120)
*Amphitheater ($35)
*Group Camp (sleeps 135, $500)
*Pioneer Campgrounds ($30)
*Swimming Pool (fee)

Activities

*Fishing - dock, boats for rent
*Boating - ramp, convert|10|HP|abbr=on limit
*Pedal Boat (seasonal) and Canoe Rental
*Hiking - convert|5|mi|km of trails
*Miniature Golf

References

External links

* [http://gastateparks.org/net/content/go.aspx?s=59.0.0. Kolomoki website]
* [http://www.thesga.org/Arch2002Poster.pdf Kolomoki PDF]
* [http://www.georgiaplanning.com/history/Kolomoki/default.htm website about missing artifacts]


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