- History of the Jews in Belarus
World War II, Jewswere the third largest ethnic group in Belarus, and comprised more than 40% of the population in cities and towns. Most ethnic Belarusians lived in ruralareas. The population of cities such as Minsk, Pinsk, Mogilev, Bobruisk, Vitebsk, and Gomelwas more than 50% Jewish. There were 724,548 Jews in Belarus in 1897 - which was 13.6% of the total population. Some 800,000 Jews – 90% of the Jewish population – were killed in Belarus during the Holocaust. As of 2005, there were some 55,000 Jews in Belarus. Marc Chagalland Mendele Mocher Sforim; Chaim Weizmannand Menachem Beginwere born in Belarus.
Pale of Settlement
Pale of Settlementwas a western border region of Imperial Russiain which the permanent residence of Jews was allowed. Though comprising only 20% of the territory of European Russia, the Pale corresponded to the historical borders of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealthand included much of present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Poland, Moldova, Ukraine, and parts of western Russia.
World War II
Atrocities against the Jewish population in the German-conquered areas began almost immediately, with the dispatch of "
Einsatzgruppen" (task groups) to round up Jews and shoot them. Local anti-semites were encouraged to carry out their own pogroms. By the end of 1941, there were more than 50,000 troops devoted to rounding up and killing Jews. The gradual industrialization of killing led to adoption of the Final Solutionand the establishment of the Operation Reinhardextermination camps: the machinery of the Holocaust. In three years of occupation, between one and two million Soviet Jews were killed. Other ethnic groups were targeted for extermination, including the Roma and Sinti; see Porajmos.
Belarusian Central Rada
Belarusian resistance movement
History of the Jews during World War II
Maly Trostenets extermination camp
Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany
Jewish history (Russia and the Soviet Union)
* [http://www.covenant.idc.ac.il/en/vol1/issue2/simon-schaler.html Antisemitism in Twenty-First Century Europe]
* [http://www.jhrgbelarus.org/AboutBelarus_JewishHistory.php Belarus Jewish History]
* [http://www.jhrgbelarus.org/AboutBelarus_articles.php Do you know this?]
* [http://www.jewishgen.org/Belarus/newsletter/AltmanReview.htm Holocaust of the Soviet Jewry]
* [http://www.jewishgen.org/belarus/newsletter/DemographicProfile.htm A Demographic Profile of the Jews in Belorussia, 1939-1959]
* [http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/ Shtetlinks]
* [http://www.chabad.org/centers/default_cdo/country/Belarus Chabad-Lubavitch Centers in Belarus]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
History of the Jews in Russia — The vast territories of the Russian Empire at one time hosted the largest Jewish population in the world. Within these territories the Jewish community flourished and developed many of modern Judaism s most distinctive theological and cultural… … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia — History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia.Beginning of Jewish settlement in Upper HungaryTurkish occupationData from the censuses of 1910, 1921, 1941The last antebellum census in Hungary, 1910.The four counties of Hungary that coveredthe… … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in the Soviet Union — The history of the Jews in the Soviet Union is discussed in the following articles relating to specific regions of the former Soviet Union:*History of the Jews in Russia *History of the Jews in Ukraine *History of the Jews in Moldova *History of… … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in Poland — The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over a millennium. [ [http://polishjews.org/ polishjews.org] ] Poland was home to the largest Jewish population in Europe and served as the center for Jewish culture, ranging from a long period of… … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in Italy — The Great Synagogue of Rome Part of a series of articles on … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in the United States — The history of the Jews in the United States has been influenced by waves of immigration primarily from Europe, inspired by the social and economic opportunities of the United States of America and fueled by periods of anti Semitism and… … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in Spain — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in the Netherlands — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in Malta — For the play by Christopher Marlowe, see The Jew of Malta. Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in the Czech Republic — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism … Wikipedia