Aulus Hirtius


Aulus Hirtius

Aulus Hirtius (ca. 90-43 BC) was one of the consuls of ancient Rome immediately after the assassination of Julius Caesar, and a writer on military subjects.

He was known to have been a legate of Caesar's since about 54 BC, and served as an envoy to Pompey in 50. During the Roman Civil Wars he served in Spain, he might have been a tribune in 48, and in 47 was at Antioch. He was a praetor in 46 and governor of Transalpine Gaul in 45. Caesar had nominated Hirtius and Pansa for the consulship for 43; after the assassination, Hirtius was deeply involved in the maneuvering between parties.

Initially a supporter of Mark Antony, Hirtius was successfully lobbied by Cicero, who was a personal friend, switched his allegiance to the senatorial party, and set out with an army to attack Antony, who was besieging Mutina. In concert with Octavian, Hirtius compelled Antony to retire, but in the fighting Hirtius was slain (around 25 April or 27 April). He was honored with a public funeral, along with Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus, who died a few days later.

Hirtius added an eighth book to Caesar's "De Bello Gallico", and is the likely author of "De Bello Alexandrino". The ancients thought he also wrote the "De Bello Africo" and "De Bello Hispaniensis", but it is now considered more likely that he acted as an editor. Hirtius' correspondence with Cicero was published in nine books, but has not survived.

Suetonius in Chapter 68 of his Life of Augustus [ [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Suetonius/12Caesars/Augustus*.html#68] ] writes that Lucius Antonius, the brother of Mark Antony accused the Emperor Augustus for having "given himself to Aulus Hirtius in Spain for three hundred thousand sesterces." This alleged homosexual liaison must have taken place in 46 BC during the civil wars when Julius Caesar took Augustus to Spain and Aulus Hirtius was serving there. At the time the future Emperor Augustus was 19 years old.

Notes

reflist|3Suetonius, "Augustus" [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Suetonius/12Caesars/Augustus*.html#68 68] , translated by J. C. Rolfe

External links

*http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Caesar/index.html
*http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Suetonius/12Caesars/Augustus*.html
*http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Suetonius/12Caesars/home.html


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  • Aulus Hirtius — (* um 90 v. Chr.; † 21. April 43 v. Chr. vor Mutina) war ein römischer Politiker und Schriftsteller der späten Republik. Er war seit 54 v. Chr., vielleicht als Legat, beim Heer Gaius Iulius Caesars in Gallien und wurde ein Vertrauter des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • AULUS Hirtius — Consul cum Vibio Pansa. An. Urb. Cond. 711. Hi ambo in pugna contra Antonium occubuêre. Horum Consulatu natus est Ovidius, teste seipsô. Trist. l. 4. El. 10. v. 5. Editus hîc ego sum: nec non ut tempora noris; Cum cecidit fatô Consul uterque pari …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hirtius — Aulus Hirtius (* um 90 v. Chr.; † 21. April 43 v. Chr. vor Mutina) war ein römischer Politiker und Schriftsteller der späten Republik. Er war seit 54 v. Chr., vielleicht als Legat, beim Heer Gaius Iulius Caesars in Gallien und wurde ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • HIRTIUS Aulus — Cos. Rom. una cum C. Pansa, quo tempore Brutus ab Antonio obsessus fuit Mutinae, ad quem liberandum profectus, una cum collega interfectus est. A. U. C. 711. Item A. Hirtius, sive Hircius historicus, suasu Balbi, auctor libri 8. de Caesaris bello …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hirtĭus — Hirtĭus, Aulus, Römer aus plebejischem Geschlecht, Cäsars Anhänger u. 58 v. Chr. Legat desselben im Gallischen Kriege; er begleitete später Cäsar nach Rom, Ägypten u. 47 nach Antiochien; 46 wurde er Prätor u. brachte die Bill von der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hirtius — Hirtĭus, Aulus, Legat Cäsars im Gallischen Kriege, schlug 43 v. Chr. mit seinem Kollegen C. Vibius Pansa und Octavian den Antonius bei Mutina (Modena), fiel selbst in der Schlacht; Verfasser des 8. Buches von Cäsars »Kommentarien« und beteiligt… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hirtius — Hirtius, Aulus, Freund des Cicero, der oft bei ihm speiste, und des Julius Cäsar, mit dem er als Legat in Gallien war und später gegen Pompejus focht. H. wurde mit Vibius Pansa 43 v. Chr. Consul und fiel bei Mutina (Modena), als er den… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Hirtius, Aulus — ▪ Roman soldier born c. 90 BC died April 21, 43, near Mutina, Gallia Cispadana [now Modena, Italy]       Roman soldier and writer.       Beginning about 54 BC Hirtius served under Julius Caesar (Caesar, Julius) in Gaul and was sent to negotiate… …   Universalium


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