Archaeogenetics


Archaeogenetics

Archaeogenetics, a term coined by Colin Renfrew, refers to the application of the techniques of molecular population genetics to the study of the human past. This can involve:

*the analysis of DNA recovered from archaeological remains, i.e. ancient DNA;
*the analysis of DNA from modern populations (including humans and domestic plant and animal species) in order to study human past and the genetic legacy of human interaction with the biosphere; and
*the application of statistical methods developed by molecular geneticists to archaeological data.

The topic has its origins in the study of human blood groups and the realisation that this classical genetic marker provides information about the relationships between linguistic and ethnic groupings. Early work in this field included that of Ludwik and Hanka Hirszfeld, William Boyd and Arthur Mourant. From the 1960s onwards, Luca Cavalli-Sforza used classical genetic markers to examine the prehistoric population of Europe, culminating in the publication of "The History and Geography of Human Genes" in 1994.

Since then, the genetic history of all of our major domestic plants (e.g., wheat, rice, maize) and animals (e.g., cattle, goats, pigs, horses) has been analysed. Models for the timing and biogeography of their domestication and subsequent husbandry have been put forward, mainly based on mitochondrial DNA variation, though other markers are currently being analysed to supplement the genetic narrative (e.g., the Y chromosome for describing the history of the male lineage).

ee also

* Alu sequence
* Human evolution
* Genetic genealogy
* Genealogical DNA testing
* Paleogenetics
* Genetics and Archaeogenetics of South Asia
* Genetics of the Ancient World

References

*Cann, R.L., Stoneking, M., and Wilson, A.C., 1987, Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution, "Nature" 325; pp 31-36
*Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., Menozzi, P., and Piazza, A., 1994, "The History and Geography of Human Genes". Princeton: Princeton University Press.
*Renfrew, A.C., and Boyle, K.V., (Eds), 2000, "Archaeogenetics: DNA and the population prehistory of Europe". Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.
* [http://www.ias.ac.in/jgenet/Vol87No1/temp/jgen08-00038.pdf]

External links

* [http://www.mcdonald.cam.ac.uk/genetics/ Molecular Genetics Laboratory, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Archaeogenetics — The study of the past using the techniques of molecular genetics. The application of genetics to archeology. The term archaeogenetics was coined in the 1990s by the archeologist Colin Renfrew from the Greek archaios (ancient) + genetics =… …   Medical dictionary

  • archaeogenetics — noun The application of population genetics to archaeology …   Wiktionary

  • Archaeogenetics of the Near East — The archaeogenetics of the Near East involves the study of aDNA or ancient DNA, identifying haplogroups and haplotypes of ancient skeletal remains from both YDNA and mtDNA for populations of the Ancient Near East (the modern Middle East, i.e.… …   Wikipedia

  • Genetics and archaeogenetics of South Asia — The genetics and archaeogenetics of the ethnic groups of South Asia aim at uncovering these groups genetic history. One major issue is the identification of intrusive genetic material identified by some studies (Bamshad et al. (2001), Spencer… …   Wikipedia

  • Haplogroup G2c (Y-DNA) — In human genetics, Haplogroup G2c (formerly G5) is a Y chromosome haplogroup and is defined by the presence of the M377 mutation.cite journal author=Sengupta S, Zhivotovsky LA, King R, et al title=Polarity and temporality of high resolution y… …   Wikipedia

  • Археогенетика — Археогенетика  термин, автором которого является британский археолог Колин Ренфрю. Он касается применения методов молекулярной популяционной генетики к изучению прошлого человечества. К методам археогенетики, в частности, относятся: анализ… …   Википедия

  • Recent African origin of modern humans — One model of human migration based on Mitochondrial DNA In paleoanthropology, the recent African origin of modern humans is t …   Wikipedia

  • Archaeology of the Americas — Stone circle at Burnt Hill, Massachusetts, USA The archaeology of the Americas is the study of the archaeology of North America (Mesoamerica included), Central America, South America and the Caribbean. This includes the study of pre historic/Pre… …   Wikipedia

  • Archäogenetik — Die Archäogenetik befasst sich mit den Spuren der Vergangenheit und im Erbmaterial der Menschen sowie der Tiere und Pflanzen, die den Menschen auf seinem Weg der Evolution begleiteten [1]. Es werden dabei Proben von Kulturpflanzen, Haustieren und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas — For a non technical introduction to genetics in general, see Introduction to genetics …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.